The power of the church
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The Power of the Church. Chapter 13 Section 4. Key Terms. Clergy Sacrament Canon law Holy Roman Empire Lay investiture. The Far-Reaching Authority of the Church. Crowning of Charlemagne Gave the church both spiritual and political influence

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The Power of the Church

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The power of the church

The Power of the Church

Chapter 13

Section 4


Key terms

Key Terms

  • Clergy

  • Sacrament

  • Canon law

  • Holy Roman Empire

  • Lay investiture


The far reaching authority of the church

The Far-Reaching Authority of the Church

  • Crowning of Charlemagne

    • Gave the church both spiritual and political influence

  • 300 years earlier Pope Gelasiussaid conflicts could arise between the church and state


The far reaching authority of the church1

The Far Reaching Authority of The Church

  • God created two swords

    • One for religion

    • The other political

  • Pope should bow to emperor (political)

  • Emperor bow to pope (religious)

  • Church and rulers competed for power


Structure of the church

Structure of the Church

  • Power based on status

    • The pope in Rome headed the church

    • All clergy under the pope

    • Clergy- included bishops and priests

    • Bishops supervised priests

    • Bishops settled disputes over Church teachings

    • Local priest is the main contact


Religion as a unifying force

Religion as a Unifying Force

  • Feudalism separated people

  • Shared beliefs brought them together

  • Church stable force during warfare

  • Provided Christians with a sense of security

  • Religion was center stage


Religion as a unifying force1

Religion as a Unifying Force

  • Life was harsh

  • Follow path to salvation

  • Everlasting life in heaven

  • Priests administered the sacraments

    • Important religious ceremonies

    • Rites pave way for salvation


Religion as a unifying force2

Religion as a Unifying Force

  • Baptism- became part of the Christian Community

  • Village church unifying force

  • Religious and social center

  • People worshipped together

  • Holidays festive occasions


The law of the church

The Law of the Church

  • Churches authority spiritual and political

  • Created a code of justice

  • All kings, peasants subject to canon law

  • Church law- marriages and religious practices


The law of the church1

The Law of the Church

  • Two of the harshest punishments were

    • Excommunication

    • Interdiction

  • Popes used excommunication a banishment from the church to yield power over political figures


The law of the church2

The Law of the Church

  • King quarrels with a Pope the king would be denied salvation

  • Also freed all of his vassals from their duty

  • Interdiction- sacraments could not be performed on the kings land


The law of the church3

The Law of the Church

  • People believe without the sacraments they are doomed

  • During 11 century these threat would force and emperor to submit to the popes commands


Otto i allies with the church

Otto I Allies with the Church

  • Most effective ruler in Medieval Germany

  • Crowned in 936

  • Formed close alliance with the church

  • To limit nobles strength sought help from bishops and abbots

  • Used power to defeat German princes


Signs of future conflicts

Signs of Future Conflicts

  • Otto invaded Rome on the Popes behalf

  • Pope crowned him emperor 962

  • Holy Roman Empire

    • Strongest state in Europe till 1100

  • Popes and Italian nobles did not like Germany’s power over Italy


The emperor clashes with the pope

The Emperor Clashes with the Pope

  • Lay investiture-ceremony in which kings and nobles appoint church officials

  • Who ever controlled lay investiture held the real power

  • Church reformers felt the king should not have this power


The emperor clashes with the pope1

The Emperor Clashes with the Pope

  • 1075 Pope Gregory banned lay investitures

  • Henry IV called a meeting of the bishops he appointed

  • Emperor ordered Gregory to step down

  • Gregory excommunicated Henry


The emperor clashes with the pope2

The Emperor Clashes with the Pope

  • German bishops sided with the Pope

  • To save his throne Henry begged forgiveness

  • 1077 Henry crosses the alps to Canossa

  • Gregory was a guest there


The emperor clashes with the pope3

The Emperor Clashes with the Pope

  • Stood in bare feet in the snow

  • Pope was obliged to forgive him

  • Henry spent three days in the snow


Concordat of worms

Concordat of Worms

  • 1122 Church and emperor met

  • Reached a compromise

  • Church alone could appoint bishops

  • Emperor could veto the appointment


Disorder in the empire

Disorder in the Empire

  • Frederick I

  • First ruler to call his lands the Holy Roman Empire

  • Invaded rich Italian cities

  • Merchants and the Pope joined the Lombard league


Reign of frederick i

Reign of Frederick I

  • 1176 foot soldiers of Lombard league faced Frederick’s army of mounted knights

  • Battle of LegnanoItalian foot soldiers defeat the knights

  • 1177 makes peace with the Pope

  • Frederick drowns in 1190 empire collapses


German states remain separate

German States Remain Separate

  • German kings tried to revive Charlemagne’s empire and his alliance with the church

  • Led to wars with Italian cities clashes with the pope

  • Clashes were one reason German princes did not unite


German states remain separate1

German States Remain Separate

  • German princes electing the king weakened royal authority

  • German rulers controlled fewer lands

  • Less of a base of power like French and English kings


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