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The Power of the Church. Chapter 13 Section 4. Key Terms. Clergy Sacrament Canon law Holy Roman Empire Lay investiture. The Far-Reaching Authority of the Church. Crowning of Charlemagne Gave the church both spiritual and political influence

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the power of the church

The Power of the Church

Chapter 13

Section 4

key terms
Key Terms
  • Clergy
  • Sacrament
  • Canon law
  • Holy Roman Empire
  • Lay investiture
the far reaching authority of the church
The Far-Reaching Authority of the Church
  • Crowning of Charlemagne
    • Gave the church both spiritual and political influence
  • 300 years earlier Pope Gelasiussaid conflicts could arise between the church and state
the far reaching authority of the church1
The Far Reaching Authority of The Church
  • God created two swords
    • One for religion
    • The other political
  • Pope should bow to emperor (political)
  • Emperor bow to pope (religious)
  • Church and rulers competed for power
structure of the church
Structure of the Church
  • Power based on status
    • The pope in Rome headed the church
    • All clergy under the pope
    • Clergy- included bishops and priests
    • Bishops supervised priests
    • Bishops settled disputes over Church teachings
    • Local priest is the main contact
religion as a unifying force
Religion as a Unifying Force
  • Feudalism separated people
  • Shared beliefs brought them together
  • Church stable force during warfare
  • Provided Christians with a sense of security
  • Religion was center stage
religion as a unifying force1
Religion as a Unifying Force
  • Life was harsh
  • Follow path to salvation
  • Everlasting life in heaven
  • Priests administered the sacraments
    • Important religious ceremonies
    • Rites pave way for salvation
religion as a unifying force2
Religion as a Unifying Force
  • Baptism- became part of the Christian Community
  • Village church unifying force
  • Religious and social center
  • People worshipped together
  • Holidays festive occasions
the law of the church
The Law of the Church
  • Churches authority spiritual and political
  • Created a code of justice
  • All kings, peasants subject to canon law
  • Church law- marriages and religious practices
the law of the church1
The Law of the Church
  • Two of the harshest punishments were
    • Excommunication
    • Interdiction
  • Popes used excommunication a banishment from the church to yield power over political figures
the law of the church2
The Law of the Church
  • King quarrels with a Pope the king would be denied salvation
  • Also freed all of his vassals from their duty
  • Interdiction- sacraments could not be performed on the kings land
the law of the church3
The Law of the Church
  • People believe without the sacraments they are doomed
  • During 11 century these threat would force and emperor to submit to the popes commands
otto i allies with the church
Otto I Allies with the Church
  • Most effective ruler in Medieval Germany
  • Crowned in 936
  • Formed close alliance with the church
  • To limit nobles strength sought help from bishops and abbots
  • Used power to defeat German princes
signs of future conflicts
Signs of Future Conflicts
  • Otto invaded Rome on the Popes behalf
  • Pope crowned him emperor 962
  • Holy Roman Empire
    • Strongest state in Europe till 1100
  • Popes and Italian nobles did not like Germany’s power over Italy
the emperor clashes with the pope
The Emperor Clashes with the Pope
  • Lay investiture-ceremony in which kings and nobles appoint church officials
  • Who ever controlled lay investiture held the real power
  • Church reformers felt the king should not have this power
the emperor clashes with the pope1
The Emperor Clashes with the Pope
  • 1075 Pope Gregory banned lay investitures
  • Henry IV called a meeting of the bishops he appointed
  • Emperor ordered Gregory to step down
  • Gregory excommunicated Henry
the emperor clashes with the pope2
The Emperor Clashes with the Pope
  • German bishops sided with the Pope
  • To save his throne Henry begged forgiveness
  • 1077 Henry crosses the alps to Canossa
  • Gregory was a guest there
the emperor clashes with the pope3
The Emperor Clashes with the Pope
  • Stood in bare feet in the snow
  • Pope was obliged to forgive him
  • Henry spent three days in the snow
concordat of worms
Concordat of Worms
  • 1122 Church and emperor met
  • Reached a compromise
  • Church alone could appoint bishops
  • Emperor could veto the appointment
disorder in the empire
Disorder in the Empire
  • Frederick I
  • First ruler to call his lands the Holy Roman Empire
  • Invaded rich Italian cities
  • Merchants and the Pope joined the Lombard league
reign of frederick i
Reign of Frederick I
  • 1176 foot soldiers of Lombard league faced Frederick’s army of mounted knights
  • Battle of LegnanoItalian foot soldiers defeat the knights
  • 1177 makes peace with the Pope
  • Frederick drowns in 1190 empire collapses
german states remain separate
German States Remain Separate
  • German kings tried to revive Charlemagne’s empire and his alliance with the church
  • Led to wars with Italian cities clashes with the pope
  • Clashes were one reason German princes did not unite
german states remain separate1
German States Remain Separate
  • German princes electing the king weakened royal authority
  • German rulers controlled fewer lands
  • Less of a base of power like French and English kings
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