Unit 10 constitution
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Unit 10: Constitution. Articles of Confederation. First gov’t of US after Revolution Unicameral legislature Each state had one vote. Strong state gov’t & weak federal gov’t Federal system: Power is divided into levels. Could and could not chart. What powers did the federal gov’t have?.

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Unit 10: Constitution

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Unit 10: Constitution


Articles of Confederation

  • First gov’t of US after Revolution

    • Unicameral legislature

    • Each state had one vote.

  • Strong state gov’t & weak federal gov’t

    • Federal system: Power is divided into levels.


Could and could not chart

What powers did the federal gov’t have?


Under the Articles of Confederation, the Federal government:

CouldCould Not

1. Make laws * 1. Enforce laws

2. Control the military 2. Collect taxes

3. Organize treaties 3. Elect a single leader

4. Amend the Articles~4. Establish a national court

* Needed 9 out of 13 approval 5. Regulate trade

~ Needed unanimous approval 6. Regulate the money supply


Unit 10 W-T-L

Write-To-Learn

  • Why would the Founding Fathers create such a weak federal government?

  • Why do you think the Articles of Confederation did not last?


Constitutional Convention

  • 1787: Delegates from 12 states met in Philadelphia.

    • RI refused to send delegates

      • Why do you think?

  • Purpose was to create a new form of government

  • Kept the information discussed secret for 25 years


Plan and Compromise Charts

What ideas were used to develop our Constitution?


Constitutional Compromises

Write-To-Learn

3. Which compromise had the biggest effect on our country? Why?


Federalist vs. Anti-Federalists

  • Federalists supported the Constitution.

    • Wrote the Federalist Papers defending the Constitution.

    • Led by Alexander Hamilton

  • Anti-federalists opposed the Constitution.

    • Worried that too much power was given to the fed. gov’t

    • Wanted a Bill of Rights to protect individuals

      • What are some of theserights?

    • Led by Thomas Jefferson


Ratification

  • 9 out of 13 states had to ratify the Constitution.

    • RATIFY: to approve

  • 1788: Constitutionwas ratified.

    • RI was the 13th state to ratify it in 1790, but only after the Bill of Rights was added.


The Constitution

  • Supreme law of the land.

  • Provides the framework for government in the United States.


Constitution Breakdown

  • Preamble (Video 1 & 2)

    - You must recite the Preamble by Friday, April 12th

    2. Seven Articles

  • Twenty-seven amendments


Seven Articles

I. Legislative Branch

II. Executive Branch

III. Judicial Branch

IV. Relations among states

V. Amending process

VI. National Supremacy

VII. Ratification process


Four Basic Principles

  • The Constitution was designed on four basic principles:

    • Popular Sovereignty

    • Limited Government

    • Federalism

    • Separation of powers


1. Popular Sovereignty

  • The right of the people to rule themselves (by voting).

  • Voters elect representatives

  • The president and representatives are there to serve the people.


2. Limited Government

  • The gov’t is there to serve the people, so it should only be able to do what we allow

    • Cannot control every aspect of an individual’s life

  • The Bill of Rights protects individual liberties

  • Rule of law: everyone must follow the law, even the members of gov’t


3. Federalism

  • National government is the most powerful level

    • Why do we even need state government?

      • Sectional differences

      • Specialization

  • Types of Power:

    • Enumerated: National gov’t.

      • Can be expressed or implied (Elastic clause).

    • Reserved: State gov’t.

    • Concurrent: Shared between national and state.

      • Info on pg 89 in your textbooks is fair game on the test


Implied Powers

  • Necessary and Proper Clause

    • aka Elastic Clause

    • Article I, Section 8, Clause 18

    • pg 99

      • Expressed Powers (Clause 1-17) + Implied Powers (Clause 18) Enumerated Powers


4. Separation of Powers

  • French philosopher, Baron de Montesquieu believed that executive, legislative, and judicial powers should be separated.

  • The Constitution separates powers so the gov’t can be more effective

    • Division of labor(Specialization)


Checks and Balances

  • The powers of the government are divided into three branches:

    • Legislative: Congress (House of Reps and Senate) Make laws

    • Executive: President. Enforce laws.

    • Judicial: Supreme Court. Interpret laws.

  • The system of checks and balances keeps one branch of government from becoming too powerful.


Write-To-Learn

  • According to the Constitution, all of the branches of government are equal in power. Do you believe this is true or false?

    • If you say true, why?

    • If you say false, which branch do you believe is actually most powerful and why?


Partner Activity

  • Choose from the following list of children’s songs.

    • Children’s Songs

  • Re-write the lyrics to create a song about your assigned topic

  • You must perform your song with your partner.


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