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Ladders and Stairs PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Ladders and Stairs. Hazards of ladders. Falls Slips Reaching too far Weather. 1a. Hazards of ladders. Oil or grease on a ladder Not secure Contact with electricity Objects that fall from ladders. 1b. Hazards of stairs. Clutter Slippery surfaces Damage. 1c. Hazards of stairs.

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Ladders and Stairs

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Ladders and stairs l.jpg

Ladders and Stairs


Hazards of ladders l.jpg

Hazards of ladders

  • Falls

  • Slips

  • Reaching too far

  • Weather

1a


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Hazards of ladders

  • Oil or grease on a ladder

  • Not secure

  • Contact with electricity

  • Objects that fall from ladders

1b


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Hazards of stairs

  • Clutter

  • Slippery surfaces

  • Damage

1c


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Hazards of stairs

  • Poor lighting

  • Unsafe work practices

1d


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OSHA regulations

  • General industry - 29 CFR 1910.24 through .27

  • Construction - 29 CFR 1926 Subpart X

3a


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Terms used in general industry regulations

  • Ladder

  • Stepladder

  • Type 1 - Industrial stepladder

  • Type 2 - Commercial stepladder

4a


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Terms used in general industry regulations

  • Type 3 - Household stepladder

  • Single ladder

  • Extension ladder

  • Fixed ladder

4b


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Terms used in general industry regulations

  • Individual-rung ladder

  • Rail ladder

  • Cage

  • Well

4c


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Terms used in general industry regulations

  • Ladder safety device

  • Grab bars

  • Pitch

4d


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Terms used in construction regulations

  • Portable ladder

  • Fixed ladder

  • Individual-rung/step ladders

  • Job-made ladder

4e


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Terms used in construction regulations

  • Single-cleat ladder

  • Double cleat ladder

  • Step stool

4f


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Portable ladder specifications for general industry

  • Materials used in the construction

  • Length restrictions

  • Spacing between rungs/steps

  • Width between side rails

5a


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Portable ladder specifications for general industry

  • Non-skid

  • Limits on overlap of sections on extension ladders

  • Stepladder spreaders or locking devices

5b


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Portable ladder specifications for general industry

  • Materials used in the construction

  • Length restrictions

  • Spacing between rungs/steps

  • Width between side rails

6a


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Portable ladder specifications for general industry

  • Non-skid

  • Stepladder spreaders or locking devices

  • Load-carrying capacities

6b


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Portable ladder specifications for general industry

  • Materials used in the construction

  • Load limitations

  • Rungs and cleats

  • Spacing between rungs/steps

7a


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Portable ladder specifications for general industry

  • Length of rungs/steps

  • Clearance around the ladder

  • Use of cages, wells, landing platforms, ladder safety devices

7b


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Portable ladder specifications for general industry

  • Grab bars

  • Step-across distance to the landing

  • Pitch or angle of the ladder

7c


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Fixed ladder specifications for the construction industry

  • Load limitations

  • Side rails

  • Non-skid

  • Clearance around the ladder

8a


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Fixed ladder specifications for the construction industry

  • Use of cages, wells, ladder safety devices, self-retracting lifelines

  • Grab bars

  • Step-across distance to the landing

8b


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Fixed ladder specifications for the construction industry

  • Pitch or angle of the ladder

8c


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Safety devices for fixed ladders in construction

  • Safety devices/support systems must be capable of withstanding a drop test consisting of an 18-inch drop of a 500-pound weight

  • Safety device must be activated within 2 feet after a fall occurs

9a


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Safety devices for fixed ladders in construction

  • Safety device must limit the fall velocity of a worker to 7 feet/sec or less

  • Connection between the carrier/lifeline and the point of attachment to the harness must not exceed 9 inches

9b


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Safety devices for fixed ladders in construction

  • Employees must be able to use the device leaving both hands free for climbing

9c


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Ladder inspection

  • Inspect ladders frequently

  • Portable metal ladders must be inspected immediately if it tips over

  • Construction ladders are inspected by a competent person

10a


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Ladder inspection

  • Follow manufacturer’s guidelines for inspection

  • Include inspections in preventative maintenance schedules

10b


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Precautions for safe ladder use

  • Inspect the ladder for defects before using it

  • Select a ladder with adequate length and load limits

  • Do not use metal ladders near electrical lines

11a


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Precautions for safe ladder use

  • Use ladders for their intended purpose

  • Set up the ladder on a firm, solid surface

  • Keep ladders secured/barricaded

11b


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Precautions for safe ladder use

  • Keep areas around the top and bottom of the ladder clear

  • Open stepladders fully, and lock the spreaders

  • Set up straight ladders using the 4-to-1 rule

11c


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Precautions for safe ladder use

  • Face ladders when ascending/descending

  • Use both hands to grip the side rails whenever possible

  • Only one person on a ladder at a time

11d


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Precautions for safe ladder use

  • Don’t stand on the top 2 steps of a stepladder

  • Don’t stand on the top 4 rungs of a straight ladder

  • Never move a portable ladder with someone on it

11e


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Precautions for safe ladder use

  • Hoist material up to you when you’ve reached the top of the ladder

  • Work within the side rails

  • Store ladders in designated areas

11f


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Maintenance

  • Remove ladders with structural defects, corrosion, or defective parts from service

  • Tag ladders “Do Not Use”

12a


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Maintenance

  • Repair ladders to the original design

  • Have qualified personnel make repairs

12b


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Staying safe on stairs

  • Eliminate slippery conditions

  • Clean up spills

  • Keep free of ice and snow

  • Ensure proper lighting in stair areas

13a


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Staying safe on stairs

  • Use handrails

  • Always walk up and down stairs - don’t run

13b


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Staying safe on stairs

  • Make sure you can see over materials you are carrying on a stairway

  • Report unsafe conditions

13c


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