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Markham Woods Middle Music History. Part 1 The Middle Ages or Medieval Period. Medieval Period: Time Span. From: the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 To: the early fifteenth century Approximately 1425

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Markham woods middle music history

Markham Woods MiddleMusic History

Part 1

The Middle Ages or

Medieval Period


Medieval period time span
Medieval Period: Time Span

  • From: the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476

  • To: the early fifteenth century

    • Approximately 1425

    • There was not an exact end to the Medieval Period as different parts of the world transitioned at different times.

  • What was before the Medieval Period?


Medieval period the music
Medieval Period: The Music

  • Church Music

    • Most all music in this time period was written for church and religious ceremonies

    • Most of the music from this period that still exists was written anonymously

    • Vocal music was dominant as instruments were usually used for accompaniment


Medieval period the music1
Medieval Period: The Music

  • Music as Entertainment

    • Most musicians were property of their king or country’s ruler

    • Most secular music of the time was composed and performed as a means of cultural influence by the king or ruler to impress their subjects and visiting dignitaries

    • Much of the “royal” music was for dance

    • Composers had very little expressive freedom


Medieval period the instruments
Medieval Period: The Instruments

  • Bagpipes

    • Believed to be developed by herdsmen


Medieval period the instruments1
Medieval Period: The Instruments

  • Dulcimer

    • From the Greek dulce melos: sweet sound

    • A stringed instrument either plucked or played with spoon like hammers


Medieval period the instruments2
Medieval Period: The Instruments

  • Gemshorn

    • From the flute family

    • Made from an ox horn


Medieval period the instruments3
Medieval Period: The Instruments

  • Harp

    • Most ancient stringed instrument


Medieval period the instruments4
Medieval Period: The Instruments

  • Shawm

    • Predecessor to the modern oboe

    • Uses an internal cain reed


Medieval period the instruments5
Medieval Period: The Instruments

  • Hurdy-Gurdy

    • Hand crank stringed instrument

    • Change notes by pushing keys


Medieval period the instruments6
Medieval Period: The Instruments

  • Percussion

    • Drums are the earliest of instruments


Medieval period the composers
Medieval Period: The Composers

  • Pope Gregory

    • Created the plainchant, later named the “Gregorian Chant”


Medieval period the composers1
Medieval Period: The Composers

  • Hildegard von Bingen - 1150

    • Ordo Virtutum (Play of Virtues)

      • A play of 16 virtues versus evil

      • Each of the 16 virtues is represented by a different voice in

      • plainchant style - monophonic


Medieval period the composers2
Medieval Period: The Composers

  • Alfonso el Sabio: King of Castile & Leon

  • “He Who Gladly Serves”

  • Percussion and Wind Instruments


Medieval period the composers3
Medieval Period: The Composers

  • Francesco Landini

    • “Behold Spring”

      • Polyphonic


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