Volcanoes!. Everything about volcanoes!. Where?. Volcanoes usually are near the Ring of Fire. Volcanoes are on the North-West of America, Along the coastline of Mexico and South Americ a Bordering the Pacific Ocean. There is a long chain going o ff of the Aleutian Islands in
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Everything about volcanoes!
Volcanoes usually are near the Ring of Fire.
Volcanoes are on the
North-West of America,
Along the coastline of
Mexico and South America
Bordering the Pacific Ocean.
There is a long chain going
off of the Aleutian Islands in
Volcanoes on the Ring of Fire.
The number of volcanoes has been going down since the beginning of the Earth. This is a chart of volcano activity rates 1875-1993
This is a chart of how many
Volcanoes erupted 1994-2011
The lava that spews out of the crater comes from the mantle. The cone is made of hardened lava that is from the mantle. The magma chamber is from magma in the mantle rising through cracks in the rock until they stop then the magma will become a magma chamber.
When pressure builds up in the magma chamber that pushes magma through the volcano's vents. If the volcano doesn't have water near it it will just run out, no explosion at all. If the lava comes in contact with water it will create an explosion. If the lava gets caught in the pipe then the pressure will build up and there will be an explosion.
The most drastic eruption and effects of a volcano is called a supervolcano. These are formed when magma gets to the Earth's surface and stays there until the pressure becomes to great, then the lava explodes out of the crust along with lots of ash, dust, pumice, and gases.
This dust will stay in the atmosphere for 6-12 years depending on how much, blocking out the sun.
The measurement volcanologists use to measure volcanoes is the Volcanic Explosivity Index or VEI.
Volcanoes will send ash and other particles into the air that water vapor will condensate and will cause more rain. Volcano’s sulfur infuse with water vapor and create sulfuric acid particles that create a haze in the Earth’s atmosphere that lowers the Earth’s temperature for a few years. This will also possibly create acid rain that kills animals in water, kills plants, and lowers human health. Volcano’s lava will form stone on the surface of the Earth.
World Book. Vol.20.
Chicago: World Book, 2007
"Volcano." U*X*L Encyclopedia of Weather and Natural Disasters. Vol. 4: Optical Effects to Wildfire. Detroit: UXL, 2008. 587-615. Gale Science In Context. Web.
"Magma chamber." World of Earth Science. Ed. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. Detroit: Gale, 2007. Gale Science In Context. Web.