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BIODIVERSITY – a CROSS-CUTTING ISSUE in NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT. Dr. Paul E. Ouboter National Zoological Collection/Environmental Research Center & Faculty of Technology. Contents. Introduction to Biodiversity Sustainable Management of Natural Resources –

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biodiversity a cross cutting issue in natural resource management

BIODIVERSITY – a CROSS-CUTTING ISSUE in NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

Dr. Paul E. Ouboter

National Zoological Collection/Environmental Research Center & Faculty of Technology

contents
Contents
  • Introduction to Biodiversity
  • Sustainable Management of Natural Resources –

The role of Biodiversity research

  • Research projects by NZCS/CMO
  • Importance of biodiversity research in Suriname
  • Present and future research
what is biodiversity
What is Biodiversity ?

CBD: Biological Diversity means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.

why focus on biological diversity
Why focus on Biological Diversity?
  • World in a species extinction wave
  • Every day an estimated 70-400 species go extinct worldwide – this is the third documented wave of extinctions
first wave in perm 250 mil caused by collision of continents and drying of continental seas
First wave in Perm (250 mil), caused by collision of continents and drying of continental seas
slide8
Second wave at end of Cretaceous (65 mil), caused by collision of meteorite with the earth in the Gulf of Mexico
third wave of extinctions occurring now caused by man
Third wave of extinctions occurring now, caused by man

Started end of Pleistocene: Extinction of Megafauna

third wave of extinctions caused by man

Third wave of extinctions caused by man

So, only man can solve the crisis !!

history
History
  • 1987 Brundtland Report “Our Common Future”
    • Sustainable Development was defined. Brundtland Report led to:
  • 1988 Ad Hoc Working Group of Experts on Biological Diversity
  • 1989 Ad Hoc Working Group of Technical and Legal Experts
  • 1992 Earth Summit Rio de Janeiro
    • UN Convention on Biological Diversity
    • UN Convention on Climate Change
    • UN Convention to Combat Desertification
why do we need biodiversity
Why do we need biodiversity?
  • Food
  • Medicine
  • Building materials
  • Clothing
  • Cosmetics
  • Fossil fuels
  • Recreation
  • Religion
  • Esthetics
  • Ecosystem functioning
  • Ecosystem functioning
    • Oxygen
    • Climate stabilization
    • Ecosystem stabilization
    • Erosion protection
    • Water supply
    • Breakdown dead organic matter
    • Pollination
biodiversity of suriname how was it shaped
Biodiversity of Suriname – How was it shaped?
  • Evolution
  • Continental drift
  • Connection between South and North America
  • Glacial periods
  • Geography: mountains and rivers
  • Guyana Current
  • El Niño
  • Men
    • Alteration of habitats
    • Extirpation of species
    • Introduction of species
organizations related to biodiversity in suriname
Organizations related to Biodiversity in Suriname
  • Ministry ATM – CBD, AIS
    • NIMOS – E(S)IA’s
  • Ministry ROGB – Nature Preservation Law, Game Law, Forest Law, CITES, carbon credits
    • SBB
    • STINASU
  • Ministry LVV – Agricultural biodiversity, Pesticides, Fisheries
  • Ministry Public Health – Vectors, diseases
  • Ministry TCT – (Eco)-tourism
  • Ministry HI – Wildlife trade, pesticide imports
slide17

Ministry Education – Education in Biodiversity

    • IOL
    • AdeKUS
      • FTeW
      • IGSR
      • Nat. Herbarium
      • NZCS/CMO
      • CELOS
  • Ministry RO – projects/development interior
  • All other Ministries
  • WWF
  • CI
  • SCF
  • ACT
  • Tropenbos
what is sustainable
What is SUSTAINABLE ?

Bruntland: “meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”.

Wikipedia: “the potential for long-term maintenance of wellbeing, which in turn depends on the wellbeing of the natural world and the responsible use of natural resources”.

how to measure sustainable
How to measure sustainable ?
  • Environmental indicators
  • Biodiversity indicators
  • Economic indicators
  • Social indicators

A development project is sustainable when it is economically feasible, does not impact the environment and biodiversity “significantly” , takes account of all stakeholders and provides benefits for an extended period of time

biodiversity is
Biodiversity is:
  • Natural resource
  • Indicator for measurement of sustainability
streams smnr
Streams SMNR
  • Land and water management
  • Sustainable energy
  • Mineral resources
  • Sustainable agriculture
  • Sustainable forestry
  • Biodiversity
  • Natural products
biodiversity also an issue in
Biodiversity also an issue in:
  • Public health
  • Economy
  • Sociology
  • Archaeology
  • Climate change
land and water management
Land and Water Management
  • Catchment area conservation
  • Zoning, incl nature conservation
  • Water quality/Aquatic ecology
  • Impact of management activities on Biodiversity

Example: Classification of rivers (river sections)

sustainable energy
Sustainable Energy
  • Impact of “exploitation” activities on Biodiversity
  • Hydro-power

Example: Brokopondo Lake

mineral resources
Mineral Resources
  • Impact of “exploitation” activities on Biodiversity
    • Destruction of unique habitats
    • Threat to endemic or rare species

Biodiversity often used as indicators by mining companies and governmental agencies

Example: Use of fish as indicators for mining pollution

sustainable agriculture
Sustainable Agriculture
  • Impact of “exploitation” activities on Biodiversity
  • Pesticides?
  • Alternative pest management, use of natural enemies
  • Pest identification
  • Agricultural Biodiversity
sustainable forestry
Sustainable Forestry
  • Impact of “exploitation” activities on Biodiversity
  • Resource itself is Biodiversity

Example: Celos Management System at Kabo

biodiversity
Biodiversity
  • Sustainable use of Biodiversity (resource)
  • Conservation of Biodiversity
  • Threats to Biodiversity
  • Use as indicator
  • Identification

Examples:

  • Sustainable exploitation of spectacled caiman
  • Impact of eco-tourism on Biodiversity
  • Identification of areas with high priority for protection
natural products
Natural Products
  • Resource itself is Biodiversity
  • Identification of natural products
  • Sustainable harvest
slide35

2. Brokopondo Lake

After closing of dam in 1964:

  • Drowning of forest and many animals

Depletion of oxygen

Fish kill in downstream river

Decomposition of vegetation

Release of nutrients

Bloom of water hyacinth

3 use of fish as indicators for water quality
3. Use of fish as indicators for water quality

Mining causes high turbidity in streams

impacts of high turbidity
Impacts of high turbidity

Visual hunters disappear

Low visibility

High turbidity

Bottom structures covered

Reproduction decreased

4 celos management system at kabo
4. Celos Management System at Kabo
  • Low impact logging
  • Improvement of survival of seedlings and young trees of economic valuable timber species
  • Survival enhancement realized through poisoning of neighboring trees
  • 20 year cycle
conditions for sustainable caiman harvest
Conditions for sustainable caiman harvest
  • Only harvesting of specimens >150cm (mainly males)
  • Only harvesting downstream of Zeekoe Creek
  • No harvesting in tributaries, total protection of tributaries
  • Annual monitoring program to observe population trend
6 impact of eco tourism on biodiversity
6. Impact of eco-tourism on Biodiversity
  • Impact of eco-tourism on amphibians at Brownsberg & Raleighvallen
  • 4 trails/roads with impact of tourists
  • 4 trails/roads without impact of tourists
  • Amphibians observed and recorded during early morning survey and night survey
slide49

Rainy season

Simpson’s Species Diversity Index

Dry season

7 identification of areas with high priority for protection
7. Identification of areas with high priority for protection
  • What do we know?
  • Species numbers
  • Endemism
  • Rare and threatened species
  • Ecosystem diversity
  • Threats
conclusion areas with high priority for protection
Conclusion, areas with high priority for protection
  • What do we know: Brownsberg quite well, other areas insufficient
  • Species numbers: Can only be established for Brownsberg
  • Endemism: Highest at Nassau and Lely
  • Rare and threatened species: ?
  • Ecosystem diversity: Highest in Bakhuis Mts.
  • Threats: Highest for Nassau Mt.

Nassau Mt. highest conservation priority!

importance of biodiversity research in suriname1
Importance of Biodiversity research in Suriname

Provide data for:

  • The establishment of protected areas
  • The management of protected or other natural areas
  • The management of wildlife
  • Sustainable use of biodiversity
  • Monitoring of environmental impacts
  • Pest control in agriculture and public health
  • Education on biodiversity
present and future research
Present and future research
  • Biodiversity of high bauxite plateaus (Nassau and Lely)
  • Impact of eco-tourism on Biodiversity
  • Impact of forestry on Biodiversity
  • Impact of climate change on Biodiversity
acknowledgement
Acknowledgement
  • My colleagues and co-workers
  • Many donor organizations
  • AdeKUS
  • FTeW/VLIR

Questions?!?

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