Alternate Modes of Transportation. Harlingen-San Benito Metropolitan Planning Organization. Rebeca Castillo, MPO Director Border to Border Transportation Conference 2012. What is the MPO’s Role?. Metropolitan Planning Organization that is designated by the State Governor
Metropolitan Planning Organization
Rebeca Castillo, MPO Director
Border to Border Transportation Conference 2012
Walking, Bicycling & Public Transportation
4 Public Transportation Providers in the LRGV
Bicyclists and pedestrians have the same origins and destinations as other transportation system users and it is important for them to have safe and convenient access to airports, ports, ferry services, transit terminals, and other intermodal facilities as well as to jobs, services, recreation facilities, and neighborhoods.
Federal surface transportation law places a strong emphasis on creating a seamless transportation system that all users can enjoy & use efficiently and safely.
Bicyclists and pedestrians shall be given due consideration in the comprehensive transportation plans developed by each metropolitan planning organization and State..." (23 U.S.C. 217(g)(1))
"Bicycle transportation facilities and pedestrian walkways shall be considered, where appropriate, in conjunction with all new construction and reconstruction and transportation facilities, except where bicycle and pedestrian use are not permitted." (23 U.S.C. 217(g)(1))
"Transportation plans and projects shall provide due consideration for safety and contiguous routes for bicyclists and pedestrians." (23 U.S.C. 217(g)(2))
Reduced Risk of :
Helps protect the environment:
Automobile emissions contribute to smog, global warming and public health problems. By helping to reduce the number of cars on the road, public transportation offers many benefits to the environment.
Public transit vehicles emit fewer pollutants than single-passenger automobiles. For example, buses emit 80 percent less carbon monoxide than a car. Rail emits almost none.
Cars account for about 50 percent of air pollution nationwide. Each year, public transportation use avoids the emission of more than 126 million pounds of hydrocarbons, the primary cause of smog, and 156 million pounds of nitrogen oxides, which can cause respiratory disease.
Public transportation helps reduce dependence on foreign oil, reducing auto fuel consumption by 1.5 billion gallons annually. Many U.S. transit systems are continuing to invest in compressed natural gas, low-sulfur burning buses or diesel-electric hybrid buses.
Motor vehicle emissions represent 31 percent of total carbon dioxide, 81 percent of carbon monoxide, and 49 percent of nitrogen oxides released in the U.S. (The Green Commuter, A Publication of the Clean Air Council).
60 percent of the pollution created by automobile emissions happens in the first few minutes of operation, before pollution control devices can work effectively. Since "cold starts" create high levels of emissions, shorter car trips are more polluting on a per-mile basis than longer trips (League of American Bicyclists).
Assist in meeting storm water efforts