Morphology of range plants
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Morphology of Range Plants. Plant Morphology. Describes the physical form and external structures of a plant. Leaves. Important characteristics Type Arrangement Shape Margin Veination . Leaf Types. Simple Compound. Compound - Palmate. Compound - Pinnate. Leaf Arrangements. Opposite.

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Morphology of Range Plants

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Morphology of Range Plants


Plant Morphology

  • Describes the physical form and external structures of a plant


Leaves

  • Important characteristics

    • Type

    • Arrangement

    • Shape

    • Margin

    • Veination


Leaf Types

  • Simple

  • Compound

Compound - Palmate

Compound - Pinnate


Leaf Arrangements

Opposite

Whorled

Alternate


Leaf Shapes

Linear

Elliptic

Lanceolate

Oblanceolate

Obovate

Palmate

Wedge-shaped

Arrow-shaped

Ovate


Leaf Margins

Lobed-pinnate

Lobed-palmate

Serrated

Entire

Scalloped

Toothed


Leaf Veinations

Parallel

Pinnate

Palmate

Netted


Stems

Grasses

Grass-likes

Forbs

Shrubs

(Sedges)

(Rushes)

Hollow or Pithy

Solid Not Jointed

Solid

Woody Solid


Roots


Structure for Plant Propagation

Rhizomes are underground modified stems that give rise to new plants.Stolons are aboveground modified stems that give rise to new plants.

Both are forms of asexual reproduction. “Sod-forming” plants have rhizomes or stolons


Flowers

  • Inflorescence types

Spike

Raceme

Panicle

Umbel

Head


Flowers

  • Composite Heads

Ray Flowers

Disk Flowers

Ray and Disk Flowers


Grass Morphology

www.fsl.orst.edu/forages/


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