Egypt Middle Kingdom – capital city – Thebes Old Kingdom – capital city - Memphis. Egyptian civilization developed in the narrow strip of fertile land along the Nile River. It’s found between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. The Western and Eastern desert border the Nile River.
Middle Kingdom – capital city – Thebes
Old Kingdom – capital city - Memphis
5000 B.C.Agriculture Begins
4000 B.C. Two Kingdoms
3100 B.C. Narmer Unites Egypt
2600 B.C Old Kingdom Begins
2540 B.C. Great Pyramid at Giza built
2300 B.C. Old Kingdom declines
2050 B.C. Middle Kingdom begins
1500 B.C. Queen Hatshepsut reigns
1279 B.C. Ramses II takes the throne
1150 B.C. Empire Falls
Under him – Egypt controlled more territory than ever and the Empire grew rich from trade and tribute.
Changed his name to Akhenaton and introduced a new religion.
Became pharaoh at the age of 10. He died at a very young age and his tomb was discovered with great treasures in it.
Reigned for 66 years and was the most effective; great builder; greatest pharaoh of the New Kingdom
Represented a loyal wife and mother
Chief God of the Egyptians
God of the Dead
Goddess who ruled the Nile
He united Upper and Lower Egypt and wore a double crown to symbolize the two .
Narmer (also known as Menes)
Egyptian kings; they were believed to be the son of Re, sun god
Gods or Goddesses
Great Pyramid was built in his honor
Western people from Asia that conquered Egypt
Drove the Hyksos out of Egypt; helped Egypt become richer and more powerful
Female pharaoh who built up the economy through trade and incense
850 B.C. Independent Kingdom of Kush
750 B.C. Kashta of Kush conquers part of Egypt
728 B.C. Piye defeats Egyptians
600 B.C. Assyrians invaded Egypt
540 B.C. Capital moved to Meroe
The Nubians founded the kingdom of Kerma and traded with the Egyptians.
The people of Kush devoted themselves to ironworking and grew wealthy from trade.
The Kushites adopted Egyptian ways and eventually conquered Egypt itself.