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Egypt Middle Kingdom – capital city – Thebes Old Kingdom – capital city - Memphis PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Egypt Middle Kingdom – capital city – Thebes Old Kingdom – capital city - Memphis. Egyptian civilization developed in the narrow strip of fertile land along the Nile River. It’s found between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. The Western and Eastern desert border the Nile River.

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Egypt Middle Kingdom – capital city – Thebes Old Kingdom – capital city - Memphis

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Egypt middle kingdom capital city thebes old kingdom capital city memphis

Egypt

Middle Kingdom – capital city – Thebes

Old Kingdom – capital city - Memphis

  • Egyptian civilization developed in the narrow strip of fertile land along the Nile River.

  • It’s found between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. The Western and Eastern desert border the Nile River

Where?


Egypt middle kingdom capital city thebes old kingdom capital city memphis

5000 B.C.Agriculture Begins

4000 B.C. Two Kingdoms

3100 B.C. Narmer Unites Egypt

2600 B.COld Kingdom Begins

2540 B.C.Great Pyramid at Giza built

2300 B.C.Old Kingdom declines

2050 B.C.Middle Kingdom begins

1500 B.C.Queen Hatshepsut reigns

1279 B.C.Ramses II takes the throne

1150 B.C.Empire Falls

When?


Egypt middle kingdom capital city thebes old kingdom capital city memphis

  • Deserts, cataracts, and marshes protect Egypt from invaders

  • Farmers use floods and irrigation

  • Narmer united Upper and Lower Egypt

  • Society was divided into classes

  • Pharaohs were believe to be related to Egypt’s main God

  • Egyptians believed in life after death

  • Pyramids were build as huge stone tombs for the pharaohs

  • During Middle Kingdom borders expand and the arts flourish

  • New Kingdom builds a strong kingdom and expands trade

  • Ramses II was Egypt’s last great pharaoh.

  • In 900B.C. Egypt lost power to outside invaders

What?


Egypt middle kingdom capital city thebes old kingdom capital city memphis

WHO DID WHAT?

Under him – Egypt controlled more territory than ever and the Empire grew rich from trade and tribute.

Changed his name to Akhenaton and introduced a new religion.

Became pharaoh at the age of 10. He died at a very young age and his tomb was discovered with great treasures in it.

Reigned for 66 years and was the most effective; great builder; greatest pharaoh of the New Kingdom

Thutmose III

Amenhotep

Tutankhamen

Ramses II


Egypt middle kingdom capital city thebes old kingdom capital city memphis

WHO DID WHAT?

Represented a loyal wife and mother

Chief God of the Egyptians

God of the Dead

Goddess who ruled the Nile

He united Upper and Lower Egypt and wore a double crown to symbolize the two .

Isis

Re

Osiris

Hapi

Narmer (also known as Menes)


Egypt middle kingdom capital city thebes old kingdom capital city memphis

WHO DID WHAT?

Pharaohs

Deities

King Khufu

Hyksos

Ahmose

Hatshepsut

Egyptian kings; they were believed to be the son of Re, sun god

Gods or Goddesses

Great Pyramid was built in his honor

Western people from Asia that conquered Egypt

Drove the Hyksos out of Egypt; helped Egypt become richer and more powerful

Female pharaoh who built up the economy through trade and incense


Egypt middle kingdom capital city thebes old kingdom capital city memphis

Regions called Nubia in present-day Sudan along the Nile

Where?


Egypt middle kingdom capital city thebes old kingdom capital city memphis

2000 B.C. Cattle Herders

850 B.C. Independent Kingdom of Kush

750 B.C. Kashta of Kush conquers part of Egypt

728 B.C. Piye defeats Egyptians

600 B.C. Assyrians invaded Egypt

540 B.C. Capital moved to Meroe

When?


Egypt middle kingdom capital city thebes old kingdom capital city memphis

The Nubians settled in farming villages and became strong warriors.

The Nubians founded the kingdom of Kerma and traded with the Egyptians.

The people of Kush devoted themselves to ironworking and grew wealthy from trade.

The Kushites adopted Egyptian ways and eventually conquered Egypt itself.

What?


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