The fall sin
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The Fall & Sin. with thanks to Dr. Veli-Matti Karkkainen . You have not yet considered the exceeding gravity of sin.- St. Anselm. Orientation. Change of attitude in our Western culture to the concept of sin Plantinga : sin as vandalism of God’s shalom. Biblical Theology.

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The Fall & Sin

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The fall sin

The Fall & Sin

with thanks to Dr. Veli-Matti Karkkainen


The fall sin

You have not yet considered the exceeding gravity of sin.- St. Anselm


Orientation

Orientation

  • Change of attitude in our Western culture to the concept of sin

  • Plantinga: sin as vandalism of God’s shalom


Nature and effects of sin

Biblical Theology

Nature and effects of sin


Biblical terminology

biblical Terminology

  • Missing the Mark

  • Transgression

  • Rebellion

  • Treachery

  • Perversion

  • Abomination, Ignorance, Error, Inattention, Evil, Guilt


Basic dimensions of sin in the bible see garrett systematic theology 1

Basic Dimensions of Sin In the Bible (see Garrett, systematic Theology 1)

  • Sin as violation of God’s law or disobedience

  • Sin as breaking the covenant

  • Sin as willful and prideful rebellion against God

  • Sin as idolatry

  • Sin as Unbelief

  • Other dimensions

    • Sin as Selfishness

    • Sin as sloth or apathy

  • Sin as both a quality of fallen human nature and “lists of sin” (e.g.. Gal. 5.19-21)


Nature and effects of sin1

Sin in the Christian Tradition

Nature and effects of sin


Eastern church

Eastern church

  • The Fall

  • theosis


Roman catholic

Roman Catholic

  • Augustine

  • Aquinas

  • Contemporary View

    • Use of both Augustine and Aquinas

    • “By yielding to the tempter, Adam and Eve committed a personal sin, but this sin affected human nature that they would then transmit in a fallen sate. It is a sin which will be transmitted by propagation to all mankind, that is, by the transmission of a human nature deprived of original holiness and justice.” New Catholic Catechism #404

    • “…original sin does not have the character of personal fault in any of Adam's descendants. It is a deprivation of original holiness and justice, but human nature has not been totally corrupted…an inclination to evil that is called concupiscence.” NCC #404

    • Baptism imparts Christ’s grace and erases original sin and turns man back towards God, but the consequences in terms of nature and our inclination for evil persist, leading to constant battle with sin


Protestant reformers

Protestant reformers

  • Luther

    • Humans totally incapable of doing good which God requires

    • Root of sin is unbelief

    • Chief manifestation is pride

  • Calvin

    • Follows Augustine: sin inherited and transmitted through procreation

    • Follows Luther: total depravity and helplessness

    • Source is faithlessness conjoined with pride


Classical liberalism

Classical Liberalism

  • Sin as a preparation for grace rather than grace repairing damage of sin

  • Sin is arresting God-consciousness not so much a willful moral rebellion against God

  • Sin is not hereditary but sinful tendencies spread through social networks

    • We will pick up on this later with contemporary views of sin


Contemporary thinkers

Contemporary thinkers

  • Emil Brunner

  • Karl Barth

  • Bonhoeffer

  • Pannenberg


Social sin

Social sin


Towards an evangelical theology of sin

Towards an evangelical theology of sin


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