European middle ages 500 1400
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European Middle Ages 500-1400. European Middle Ages 500-1500. Middle Ages-Intro. Activity. Also known as Medieval Times or the Dark Ages List 5 things that come to mind. Consider when and where we are talking about, what happens during that time, what life was like.

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European Middle Ages 500-1400

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European middle ages 500 1400

European Middle Ages500-1400

European Middle Ages500-1500

Middle ages intro activity

Middle Ages-Intro. Activity

  • Also known as Medieval Times or the Dark Ages

  • List 5 things that come to mind.

  • Consider when and where we are talking about, what happens during that time, what life was like.

  • Draw a picture to describe the Middle Ages (medieval times)

  • Share with a partner what you listed and your picture.

  • Discuss your pictures and your 5 things.

An age of transition

An Age of Transition

  • Years between 400s and about 1500

  • Time period known as the Middle Ages, or the medieval time period(The Dark Ages)

  • End of the classical age and the beginning of the modern world.

  • Catholic Church becomes the central institution of Western Europe

Middle ages society is based on feudalism

Middle Ages society is based on Feudalism

A new social order

A New Social Order

  • Feudalism- A social and political system in which nobles are granted the use of land that legally belongs to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of peasants

People of the middles ages

People of the Middles Ages

  • Social Classes were usually inherited

  • Determined a person’s prestige and power

  • Very Limited Social Mobility

Feudalism assignment

Feudalism Assignment

  • Form work groups of 3

  • Chapter 13, section 2, page 294

  • Worksheet-Due Friday

  • 1-10 plus define the following terms on the back of the sheet: Fief, Vassal, Serfs, Manoralism

  • Medieval Times Packet

  • Use the packet and section 2 to take notes(summarize) on the following:

  • Nobles, Knights, Peasants-lifestyle

  • Feudal Justice

  • Manorial System

    Gather as much information you will be making a poster on feudalism and will need as much information as possible.

European middle ages 500 1400

Did you know?

2-Myths/Legends 1picture

Feudal System


Feudal Justice

Feudal system pyramid

Feudal System Pyramid

World s collide writing assignment

World’s Collide Writing Assignment

  • Imagine you were to meet someone from the Middle Ages and have a conversation with them.

  • Write a creative story about your encounter

  • Noble, Knight or Peasant

  • Include the following terms: fief, vassal or lord, manor, feudalism

  • Discuss some of the following from both time periods: government, society and lifestyle, social class, entertainment, dress, gender roles, marriage, what life is like, in general.

  • 30 points, Due Monday (minimum of 2 pages-front and back)

  • Creativity, use of knowledge of the Middle Ages, use of terms

The new rome byzantine empire

The New Rome (Byzantine Empire)

  • Rome crumbles after invasions by Germanic tribes

  • Splits into East and West

  • Constantine planned Constantinople to be the new Rome in the East

  • Constantine’s nephew, Justinian, took over the throne.

  • Under Justine, the empire:

    • Took over both the eastern and western parts.

    • Recovered North Africa.

    • Won over nearly all of Italy and parts of Spain.

  • Justinian Code

  • HagiaSophia “Holy Wisdom:” Most splendid church in the Christian World

  • Mysterious Plague

The rise of the franks charlemagne

The Rise of the Franks-Charlemagne

  • Why was Clovis an important figure in Western history?

  • Who were the Moors? Where did they come from?

  • Who is Charles ‘The Hammer’ Martel? What does he do that is important?

  • List 3 things that make Charlemagne the most important king of the middle ages.

  • How does Charlemagne spread Christianity?

  • Readings



  • Where do the Vikings come from?

  • List 3 things that make the Vikings a formidable and intimidating enemy.

  • What does Alfred the Great do?

  • What becomes of the Vikings?

  • List 2 ways the Viking invasions change Europe.

  • What are the terms of the Peace and Truce of God.

The crusades

The Crusades

  • The Crusades were a series European led ‘holy wars’ for the holy land

  • The Crusades happened between 1096-1291

  • Forever changed European and World History!

European middle ages 500 1400

Causes-Feared that Constantinople was going to get taken over by the Muslim Turks, (Byzantine Emperor) Sent out a call for help.Pope Urban II issued a call for what is known as a “Holy War”

Pope’s calling brought out tremendous outpouring of religious feelings and support

50,000 to 60,000 knights became Crusaders

People of all classes

Over 100,000 on the 1st Crusade

Why jerusalem and the holy land

Why Jerusalem and the Holy Land?






  • Birth place of Jesus

  • Crucifixion and Resurrection

  • Site of Jesus teaching

  • Last Supper

  • Church of the Holy Sepulcher

  • Nazareth: Jesus hometown



  • Holiest city in Judaism

  • Locations of Holy Temples

  • Thought that this area was where God gathered the dust he used to create the first man



  • Believed that Muhammad traveled from Mecca to Jerusalem and back in a single night performing prayers

  • Muhammad assented to heaven

1 st crusades 1096 1099

1st Crusades 1096-1099

  • Crusaders from France, Germany, England, Scotland, Italy, and Spain gathered outside of Constantinople

  • People of both genders and from all classes came together to over take Jerusalem

  • Unprepared for the geography, climate, or culture of the Holy Land

  • By the time they reached Jerusalem they were down to an army of 12,000 people

  • After about a month of fighting, the Crusaders finally captured Jerusalem-Slaughter everyone

  • Won over a stretch of land about 400 miles from Edessa in the North and Jerusalem in the South

2nd crusade 1147 1149

2nd Crusade 1147-1149

  • After the 1st crusade the Crusaders were left vulnerable to Muslim counter attack.

  • Turks unite, attack and capture Northern Holy Land (Edessa)

  • Fails to regain lose territory, still control most of the Holy Land

3 rd crusades 1189 1192

3rd Crusades 1189-1192

  • In 1187, Jerusalem had fallen to Muslim leader Saladin.

  • Saladin:

  • Most famous Muslim leader in the 1100’s

  • Honest and Brave

  • Goal was to free the earth from anyone who does not believe in Allah

  • To recapture Jerusalem from Muslims

  • Lead by 3 of the most powerful leaders:

    • Barbarossa- Drown

    • King Philip II- Fought with Richard

    • King Richard I-Fought with KP

  • After many ruthless battles between Richard Lionheart and Saladin they made a truce

  • Jerusalem would remain under Muslim control, but unarmed Christian’s could freely visit the city’s holy places.

4 th crusade 1202 1261

4th Crusade 1202-1261

  • In 1198, the powerful Pope Innocent III, appealed for another crusade to capture Jerusalem

  • Fighting between the East and West was the reason why the crusaders only made it to Constantinople

  • Sack the city, led to eventual downfall

Children s crusades 1212

Children’s Crusades 1212

  • Thousands of Children set out for the Holy Land.

  • Only armed with the belief that God would give them Jerusalem.

  • Many died from the cold and starvations.

  • One group turned and went back.

  • Some drowned and others were captured and sold.

5 th 9 th crusades

5th-9th Crusades

  • Became increasingly common and unsuccessful.

  • Muslims maintained control of Jerusalem and the Holy Land.

  • Crusaders spirits dissipated.

Effects of the crusades

Effects of the Crusades

  • Political

  • Economic

  • Social

  • Catholic Church

  • Others

Revival of towns and trade

Revival of Towns and Trade

The black death 1340s 1350s

The Black Death-1340s-1350s

  • Read both handout and answer the questions

  • Watch Video

  • Extra Credit-In a short essay, discuss the Black Death of the Middle Ages.(25 points) 5 paragraphs-1 page handwritten minimum.

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