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European Middle Ages 500-1400. European Middle Ages 500-1500. Middle Ages-Intro. Activity. Also known as Medieval Times or the Dark Ages List 5 things that come to mind. Consider when and where we are talking about, what happens during that time, what life was like.

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European middle ages 500 1400

European Middle Ages500-1400

European Middle Ages500-1500


Middle ages intro activity
Middle Ages-Intro. Activity

  • Also known as Medieval Times or the Dark Ages

  • List 5 things that come to mind.

  • Consider when and where we are talking about, what happens during that time, what life was like.

  • Draw a picture to describe the Middle Ages (medieval times)

  • Share with a partner what you listed and your picture.

  • Discuss your pictures and your 5 things.


An age of transition
An Age of Transition

  • Years between 400s and about 1500

  • Time period known as the Middle Ages, or the medieval time period(The Dark Ages)

  • End of the classical age and the beginning of the modern world.

  • Catholic Church becomes the central institution of Western Europe



A new social order
A New Social Order

  • Feudalism- A social and political system in which nobles are granted the use of land that legally belongs to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of peasants


People of the middles ages
People of the Middles Ages

  • Social Classes were usually inherited

  • Determined a person’s prestige and power

  • Very Limited Social Mobility


Feudalism assignment
Feudalism Assignment

  • Form work groups of 3

  • Chapter 13, section 2, page 294

  • Worksheet-Due Friday

  • 1-10 plus define the following terms on the back of the sheet: Fief, Vassal, Serfs, Manoralism

  • Medieval Times Packet

  • Use the packet and section 2 to take notes(summarize) on the following:

  • Nobles, Knights, Peasants-lifestyle

  • Feudal Justice

  • Manorial System

    Gather as much information you will be making a poster on feudalism and will need as much information as possible.


Did you know?

2-Myths/Legends 1picture

Feudal System

Pyramid

Feudal Justice



World s collide writing assignment
World’s Collide Writing Assignment

  • Imagine you were to meet someone from the Middle Ages and have a conversation with them.

  • Write a creative story about your encounter

  • Noble, Knight or Peasant

  • Include the following terms: fief, vassal or lord, manor, feudalism

  • Discuss some of the following from both time periods: government, society and lifestyle, social class, entertainment, dress, gender roles, marriage, what life is like, in general.

  • 30 points, Due Monday (minimum of 2 pages-front and back)

  • Creativity, use of knowledge of the Middle Ages, use of terms


The new rome byzantine empire
The New Rome (Byzantine Empire)

  • Rome crumbles after invasions by Germanic tribes

  • Splits into East and West

  • Constantine planned Constantinople to be the new Rome in the East

  • Constantine’s nephew, Justinian, took over the throne.

  • Under Justine, the empire:

    • Took over both the eastern and western parts.

    • Recovered North Africa.

    • Won over nearly all of Italy and parts of Spain.

  • Justinian Code

  • HagiaSophia “Holy Wisdom:” Most splendid church in the Christian World

  • Mysterious Plague


The rise of the franks charlemagne
The Rise of the Franks-Charlemagne

  • Why was Clovis an important figure in Western history?

  • Who were the Moors? Where did they come from?

  • Who is Charles ‘The Hammer’ Martel? What does he do that is important?

  • List 3 things that make Charlemagne the most important king of the middle ages.

  • How does Charlemagne spread Christianity?

  • Readings


Vikings
Vikings

  • Where do the Vikings come from?

  • List 3 things that make the Vikings a formidable and intimidating enemy.

  • What does Alfred the Great do?

  • What becomes of the Vikings?

  • List 2 ways the Viking invasions change Europe.

  • What are the terms of the Peace and Truce of God.


The crusades
The Crusades

  • The Crusades were a series European led ‘holy wars’ for the holy land

  • The Crusades happened between 1096-1291

  • Forever changed European and World History!


Causes-Feared that Constantinople was going to get taken over by the Muslim Turks, (Byzantine Emperor) Sent out a call for help.Pope Urban II issued a call for what is known as a “Holy War”

Pope’s calling brought out tremendous outpouring of religious feelings and support

50,000 to 60,000 knights became Crusaders

People of all classes

Over 100,000 on the 1st Crusade


Why jerusalem and the holy land

Why Jerusalem and the Holy Land? over by the Muslim Turks,

Christianity

Judaism

Islam


Christianity
Christianity over by the Muslim Turks,

  • Birth place of Jesus

  • Crucifixion and Resurrection

  • Site of Jesus teaching

  • Last Supper

  • Church of the Holy Sepulcher

  • Nazareth: Jesus hometown


Judaism
Judaism over by the Muslim Turks,

  • Holiest city in Judaism

  • Locations of Holy Temples

  • Thought that this area was where God gathered the dust he used to create the first man


Islam
Islam over by the Muslim Turks,

  • Believed that Muhammad traveled from Mecca to Jerusalem and back in a single night performing prayers

  • Muhammad assented to heaven


1 st crusades 1096 1099
1 over by the Muslim Turks, st Crusades 1096-1099

  • Crusaders from France, Germany, England, Scotland, Italy, and Spain gathered outside of Constantinople

  • People of both genders and from all classes came together to over take Jerusalem

  • Unprepared for the geography, climate, or culture of the Holy Land

  • By the time they reached Jerusalem they were down to an army of 12,000 people

  • After about a month of fighting, the Crusaders finally captured Jerusalem-Slaughter everyone

  • Won over a stretch of land about 400 miles from Edessa in the North and Jerusalem in the South


2nd crusade 1147 1149
2nd Crusade 1147-1149 over by the Muslim Turks,

  • After the 1st crusade the Crusaders were left vulnerable to Muslim counter attack.

  • Turks unite, attack and capture Northern Holy Land (Edessa)

  • Fails to regain lose territory, still control most of the Holy Land


3 rd crusades 1189 1192
3 over by the Muslim Turks, rd Crusades 1189-1192

  • In 1187, Jerusalem had fallen to Muslim leader Saladin.

  • Saladin:

  • Most famous Muslim leader in the 1100’s

  • Honest and Brave

  • Goal was to free the earth from anyone who does not believe in Allah

  • To recapture Jerusalem from Muslims

  • Lead by 3 of the most powerful leaders:

    • Barbarossa- Drown

    • King Philip II- Fought with Richard

    • King Richard I-Fought with KP

  • After many ruthless battles between Richard Lionheart and Saladin they made a truce

  • Jerusalem would remain under Muslim control, but unarmed Christian’s could freely visit the city’s holy places.


4 th crusade 1202 1261
4 over by the Muslim Turks, th Crusade 1202-1261

  • In 1198, the powerful Pope Innocent III, appealed for another crusade to capture Jerusalem

  • Fighting between the East and West was the reason why the crusaders only made it to Constantinople

  • Sack the city, led to eventual downfall


Children s crusades 1212
Children’s Crusades 1212 over by the Muslim Turks,

  • Thousands of Children set out for the Holy Land.

  • Only armed with the belief that God would give them Jerusalem.

  • Many died from the cold and starvations.

  • One group turned and went back.

  • Some drowned and others were captured and sold.


5 th 9 th crusades
5 over by the Muslim Turks, th-9th Crusades

  • Became increasingly common and unsuccessful.

  • Muslims maintained control of Jerusalem and the Holy Land.

  • Crusaders spirits dissipated.


Effects of the crusades
Effects of the Crusades over by the Muslim Turks,

  • Political

  • Economic

  • Social

  • Catholic Church

  • Others


Revival of towns and trade
Revival of Towns and Trade over by the Muslim Turks,


The black death 1340s 1350s
The Black Death over by the Muslim Turks, -1340s-1350s

  • Read both handout and answer the questions

  • Watch Video

  • Extra Credit-In a short essay, discuss the Black Death of the Middle Ages.(25 points) 5 paragraphs-1 page handwritten minimum.


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