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Republic of Ghana. Background. Formerly the Gold Coast before 1957 1957- acquired its independence from the Great Britain and that brought about the change of name to Ghana. The word Ghana means " Warrior  King ”. Ghana is located on the west coast of Africa

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Republic of Ghana

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Republic of Ghana


Formerly the Gold Coast before 1957

1957- acquired its independence from the Great Britain and that brought about the change of name to Ghana.

The word Ghana means "Warrior King”.

Ghana is located on the west coast of Africa

Boarded by Burkina Faso (north), the Atlantic Ocean (south), Ivory Coast (East), and Togo (West) .

Background cont.

Dr. Kwame Nkrumah - The first Prime Minister and president of the Republic of Ghana from 1957 – 1966

The country went through different political faces (Military and Civilian rules)

Coup de ta ( Military take over )

Background cont.

Population about 25 million (2012 estimate).

- About the size of Oregon.

National Coat of Arms

- adopted on the 4th March 1957.

National Flag



Black star



According to the 2010 census:

71% Christians

17% Muslims and

12% other

FAMILY Structure

  • The word ‘ Family’ is used to refer to both nuclear unit and extended unit of mom, dad, siblings, uncles, cousins, aunts, grandparents, and great grandparents.


  • It takes a village to raise a child is a popular notion.

  • Respect for elders.

  • Strong Family support system


  • Marriage is viewed as the union between two extended families

  • Difficult to seek divorce because of strong family support.


  • Gross Domestic Product(GDP) is $40.71 billion

  • Lower middle income

  • Poverty rate in 2012 was 26% as compared to 28.5% in 2006 by the World Bank.

  • Cedi to dollar ratio

  • Miminum wage 5.24 GH cedis ($2.27)

Economy cont.

Ghana is world’s 14th fastest growing economy in 2013

  • Mineral resources – gold, diamond, bauxide, iron, coal, and oil etc.

  • Natural resources – shea butter, cocoa, cola, and cashew.


  • Two season

    • Wet : April to November

    • Dry: December to March

10 administrative regions and capitals:

  • Ashanti:Kumasi

  • BrongAhafo:Sunyani

  • Central:Cape Coast

  • Eastern:Koforidua

  • Greater Accra: Accra

  • Northern: Tamale

  • Upper East: Bolgatanga

  • Upper West: Wa

  • Volta: Ho

  • Western: Sekondi-Takoradi


Democratic system

The Executive

- President : John DramaniMahama

-Vice-president : KwesiAmissah-Arthur


- A 230-member Parliament


Foreign relations

Ghanaian diplomats politicians

Kofi Annan - former Secretary-General of the United Nations

Jerry John Rawlings - former President

former President John AgyekumKuffour- chairmen of the Economic Community of West African States.


  • Sole official language of instruction is the British English.

  • The major languages spoken are Akan, Fante, Ga, Hausa, Dagbani, Ewe, and Nzema. English is the official language of Ghana.


Festivals eg. Deer hunting

Music and art



Naming ceremonies

Puberty rites


  • Ghana operates on a 6 -3- 4- 4 system.

  • This means, 6years elementary school

  • Junior H/S ( middle school) 3years

  • Senior H/S ( high school ) 4years

  • University/Bachelor’s Degree 4years

Headmistress and primary school students

Education cont.

12,630 primary schools,

5,450 junior secondary schools,

503 senior secondary schools,

21 training colleges,

18 technical institutions,

two diploma-awarding institutions and

five universities serving a population of 18 million


Akosombo Dam – largest artificial dam in the world.

Volta lake is the largest reservoir by surface area in the world.


Castles and Forts

Wildlife/ Parks




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