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Republic of Ghana. Background. Formerly the Gold Coast before 1957 1957- acquired its independence from the Great Britain and that brought about the change of name to Ghana. The word Ghana means " Warrior  King ”. Ghana is located on the west coast of Africa

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Presentation Transcript

Background
Background

Formerly the Gold Coast before 1957

1957- acquired its independence from the Great Britain and that brought about the change of name to Ghana.

The word Ghana means "Warrior King”.

Ghana is located on the west coast of Africa

Boarded by Burkina Faso (north), the Atlantic Ocean (south), Ivory Coast (East), and Togo (West) .


Background cont
Background cont.

Dr. Kwame Nkrumah - The first Prime Minister and president of the Republic of Ghana from 1957 – 1966

The country went through different political faces (Military and Civilian rules)

Coup de ta ( Military take over )


Background cont1
Background cont.

Population about 25 million (2012 estimate).

- About the size of Oregon.

National Coat of Arms

- adopted on the 4th March 1957.

National Flag

Red

Gold

Black star

Green


Religion
Religion

According to the 2010 census:

71% Christians

17% Muslims and

12% other


Family structure
FAMILY Structure

  • The word ‘ Family’ is used to refer to both nuclear unit and extended unit of mom, dad, siblings, uncles, cousins, aunts, grandparents, and great grandparents.

    CHILDREN:

  • It takes a village to raise a child is a popular notion.

  • Respect for elders.

  • Strong Family support system


Marriage
MARRIAGE

  • Marriage is viewed as the union between two extended families

  • Difficult to seek divorce because of strong family support.


Economy
Economy

  • Gross Domestic Product(GDP) is $40.71 billion

  • Lower middle income

  • Poverty rate in 2012 was 26% as compared to 28.5% in 2006 by the World Bank.

  • Cedi to dollar ratio

  • Miminum wage 5.24 GH cedis ($2.27)


Economy cont
Economy cont.

Ghana is world’s 14th fastest growing economy in 2013

  • Mineral resources – gold, diamond, bauxide, iron, coal, and oil etc.

  • Natural resources – shea butter, cocoa, cola, and cashew.


S easons
Seasons

  • Two season

    • Wet : April to November

    • Dry: December to March


10 administrative regions and capitals
10 administrative regions and capitals:

  • Ashanti:Kumasi

  • BrongAhafo:Sunyani

  • Central:Cape Coast

  • Eastern:Koforidua

  • Greater Accra: Accra

  • Northern: Tamale

  • Upper East: Bolgatanga

  • Upper West: Wa

  • Volta: Ho

  • Western: Sekondi-Takoradi


Government
Government

Democratic system

The Executive

- President : John DramaniMahama

-Vice- president : KwesiAmissah-Arthur

Legislature

- A 230-member Parliament

Judiciary


Foreign relations
Foreign relations

Ghanaian diplomats politicians

Kofi Annan - former Secretary-General of the United Nations

Jerry John Rawlings - former President

former President John AgyekumKuffour- chairmen of the Economic Community of West African States.


Languages
LANGUAGES

  • Sole official language of instruction is the British English.

  • The major languages spoken are Akan, Fante, Ga, Hausa, Dagbani, Ewe, and Nzema. English is the official language of Ghana.


Culture
Culture

Festivals eg. Deer hunting

Music and art

Marriage

Funerals

Naming ceremonies

Puberty rites

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N9uLcOCkLGw


Education
Education

  • Ghana operates on a 6 -3- 4- 4 system.

  • This means, 6years elementary school

  • Junior H/S ( middle school) 3years

  • Senior H/S ( high school ) 4years

  • University/Bachelor’s Degree 4years

Headmistress and primary school students


Education cont
Education cont.

12,630 primary schools,

5,450 junior secondary schools,

503 senior secondary schools,

21 training colleges,

18 technical institutions,

two diploma-awarding institutions and

five universities serving a population of 18 million


Attraction recreation
Attraction/Recreation

Akosombo Dam – largest artificial dam in the world.

Volta lake is the largest reservoir by surface area in the world.

Beaches

Castles and Forts

Wildlife/ Parks


THE END

NAAGBEE



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