The role of libraries in improving data access and use in developing regions
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The Role Of Libraries In Improving Data Access And Use in Developing Regions. The Case for International Sharing of Scientific Data: A Focus on Developing Countries. Stephen M. Griffin/NAS Symposium/April 18-19, 2011/Washington, DC USA. Opening Statement. New Methods of Research and

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The Role Of Libraries In Improving Data Access And Use in Developing Regions

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The Role Of Libraries In Improving Data Access And Use in Developing Regions

The Case for International Sharing of Scientific Data: A Focus on Developing Countries

Stephen M. Griffin/NAS Symposium/April 18-19, 2011/Washington, DC USA


Opening Statement


New Methods of Research and

Scholarship Have Emerged

  • eScience*

    • Computationally intensive science using distributed network environments for immense datasets that require grid computing; the term sometimes includes technologies that enable distributed collaboration.

  • Data-Driven Science*

    • A rapidly growing set of applications in which analysis of large amounts of data drives the next steps taken by the scientist, e.g., running new simulations, doing additional measurements, extending the analysis to larger data collections.

  • Data-Intensive Research

    • Research based in part on the exploration, manipulation and analysis of massive and diverse datasets. Collaboration within and across disciplines may take a key role. Interoperable and highly contextualized datasets may be essential to success.

*Christine Borgman and Paul Young


Map of Scientific Collaborations


Visualizations of results is an essential tool for understanding the output of high performance computer simulations and the analyses of vast quantities of large-scale, complex datasets


Visualization of dark matter clusters using Los Alamos RoadRunnerPetaflop Computer


13th Century Buddhist Canon in Immersive Environment


Important Early Programs at NSF

Supercomputer Centers Program

NSFnet

The Digital Libraries Initiative

Cyberinfrastructure


Researchers’ Needs for Data-Intensive Research

Useful and Easily Accessible Data

Application tool sets

Local high performance ICT Infrastructure and data services

Internet Connectivity to remote resources (cloud services)

Opportunities and Resources for Collaborative and Interdisciplinary Work

Participation In Scholarly Communication Processes

(journal access and opportunities for publication)

researchers in developing countries are at a disadvantage...


Need to Combine Many Data Types

Across Space and Time


Some Consequences/New Roles

eScience, data-driven research and data-intensive research will have a major impact on all aspects of a libraries activities including collections, services, research infrastructure, staffing, professional development and more

National libraries

University and Research Libraries

Public Libraries

Special Topic Libraries

School and Education Libraries

Private Libraries

Archives

... will be expected to carry the load


Developing Countries: One View

Source: Forbes Magazine/World Bank


Role of Libraries in Enabling

Data-Intensive Research (1)

role priority

manage data acquisition

and physical data storage

make data useful

higher

facilitate scholarly communication

manage consortia

arrangements, partnering and

information exchange

perform data life-cycle

and curation services

support outreach and training

provide and maintain ICT

infrastructure

lower

applications support

and tool building

less

more

resource requirements


Role of Libraries in Enabling

Data-Intensive Research (2)

Out of Reach for Now

  • - peer relationships for data sharing and access to distributed resources

  • - remote information harvesting

  • advanced content management of complex large-scale data sets

  • research tools & support

  • - state-of-the art ICT infrastructures

  • full staffing in critical specialty areas

  • grid access, cloud services

  • information infrastructure and staff to support preservation, archiving and data curation

  • - full participation in the ongoing international dialogue

manage data acquisition

and physical data storage

make data useful

facilitate scholarly communication

manage consortia

arrangements, partnering and

information exchange

perform data life-cycle

and curation services

outreach and training

participate in local governance of data resources

provide and maintain ICT

infrastructure

applications support

and tool building


Local activities that would help...

  • increase staff dialog in all institutional and technical matters

    • - form working and discussion groups that meet regularly

  • strive to build sense of local community and institutional pride

    • pursue excellence and recognition in specific areas

    • create new collections and services

    • create and “publish” a new journal highlighting local research

  • enhance outreach to the larger regional and global communities

    • - support staff attendance and participation in relevant conferences and professional training events

    • establish exchange programs

  • expand efforts to convert digital holdings to current standards and forms; build new tools and resources

  • pursue internal and external support from public and private sources

  • (i.e. UNESCO, US AID, EU, NGOs, private foundations)


Positive Global Developments

The emergence of a culture of sharing has accompanied the growth of the internet and new communities involved in creation and management of digital content and resources. The digital libraries community has been particularly instrumental. At the same time there has been a general movement toward openness of internet-based content and resources (when appropriate and legal). For example:

  • Open Data

  • Open Access Journals*

  • Open Repositories and Archives

  • Open Source Software

  • Open Architectures

  • Open EducationalResources

  • Open and Transparent Governance

  • Open Scholarly and PractitionerCommunities


On-Line, Open Access Journals

6300 journals from more than 110 countries in more than 50 languages in the DOAJ. More than 2500 journals are providing metadata on article level, which means that more than 540.000 articles are searchable from DOAJ

http://www.doaj.org/


http://www-958.ibm.com/software/data/cognos/manyeyes/visualizations/internet-users-4

DataSource: http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IT.NET.USER.P2


Size of Africa Compared to Other Countries

France

Spain

Germany

Spain

Eastern Europe

USA

India

China

China

United Kingdom

Public Domain Image


Internet Connections Information and Major Organizational Efforts.


World Telecommunication/ICT Development Report 2010 – Monitoring the WSIS targets, 9th Edition, 2010

Target 3: Connect scientific and research centres with ICTs

International National Research and Education Networks (NRENs) Are Essential to Creating a Global Scientific Research Enterprise

By 2010, around 62 percent of countries had a national research and educational network

The band-width of countries’ national research and educational networks ranges from just a few Megabits to over 10 Gigabits

http://www.itu.int/pub/D-IND-WTDR-2010/en


Internet2 International Partnerships


Networks of NRENs


NSF International Research Network Connections Program

An Office of Cyberinfrastructure program funding projects to provide network connections and services linking U.S. research networks with peer networks in other parts of the world

ACE (America Connects to Europe)

multi-gigabit bandwidth and services

Americas Lightpaths: Increasing the Rate of Discovery and Enhancing Education across the Americas

operation of network infrastructure between the US and Western Hemisphere

GLORIAD (Global Ring Network for Advanced Applications Development)

cooperative partnerships with its longstanding partners across the globe

TransLight/Pacific Wave

unified distributed exchange service for Research and Education (R&E) networking in the Asia-Pacific hemisphere

TransPAC3 - Asia-US High Performance International Networking

multi-gigabit bandwidth and services


Where Should Libraries Be

in this Scheme

Hierarchy: National (NREN), Regional, Campus, End Users

http://www.geant.net/Network/RandE/Pages/home.aspx


Final Thoughts


The Library at Alexandria, Egypt

New Library

Ancient Library

circa 300 BCE

today


Thank You


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