Ch 2 Early China, Nubia , Meroe, and The First Civilizations in the Americas - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ch 2 Early China, Nubia , Meroe, and The First Civilizations in the Americas. By Koa Knitter & Seamus Hurley . Geography. Early Resources . metals. timber. stone. North China. Millet. Loess soil. -Dry and cool -Yellow River Valley. South China. Rice. Plentiful Rainfall. -Warm

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Ch 2 Early China, Nubia , Meroe, and The First Civilizations in the Americas

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Ch 2 early china nubia meroe and the first civilizations in the americas

Ch 2 Early China, Nubia, Meroe, and The First Civilizations in the Americas

By Koa Knitter

& Seamus Hurley



Early resources

Early Resources




North china

North China


Loess soil

-Dry and cool

-Yellow River Valley

South china

South China


Plentiful Rainfall


-Yangzi River Valley

Early societies

Early Societies

-Land of Neolithic communities

-Pigs, Chicken, Millet domesticated

-Silk textiles

-Bronze Metallurgy

Oracle bones and shang religion and writing

Oracle Bones and Shang Religion and Writing

Kings Religion- Worship of male ancestors, Kings were intermediaries between the gods and human world.

Developed during Shang Period

Today’s Writing Directly related

Shang technology

Shang Technology

  • Bronze weapons, ceremonial vessels

  • Horse drawn chariot



Zhou period 1027 221 b c e

Zhou Period 1027-221 B.C.E.

  • Defeated Shang in the 11th century B.C.E

  • “Mandate of Heaven” Used by the Zhou to justify their actions in overthrowing the Shang

Zhou period

Zhou Period

  • Priestly Power of elite faded

  • Result in separation of religion and govt.

  • Zhou divided into two periods Western Zhou, and Eastern Zhou

Western zhou and eastern zhou 771 221 b c e

Western Zhou and Eastern Zhou 771- 221 B.C.E.

  • Like the Shang the Western Zhou had direct control over core territory and administered the peripheral areas indirectly

  • Eastern Zhou declined in central government as regional elites began to rule territories

  • Eastern Zhou subdivided into two periods

  • Spring and Autumn period 771-481 B.C.E/Warring states Period 480-221 B.C.E

Zhou technology

Zhou Technology

  • Construction of long walls for defense

  • Iron and steel metallurgy

  • Horse riding

Sleeve weight

Eastern zhou political philosophies

Eastern Zhou Political Philosophies

  • Legalism- Human nature is wicked and selfish. People must have strict laws and harsh punishments



  • Founded by Confucius

  • Assumes that human nature is essentially good.

  • Hierarchical view of universe, society, and family

  • Not influential with it’s founding, but became the dominant political philosophy in the future.



  • Founded by Laozi

  • Universe is constantly changing

  • No real moral standards

  • People should take life as it comes to them.

  • “Whatever attitude”

Eastern zhou society

Eastern Zhou Society

  • Development of the three generation family

  • Concept of Private Property

  • Privately owned land

  • Women were subordinate to hierarchy

  • Yin and Yang

  • Yin-male- Bright, Shining, Active

  • Yang-Female- moon, passive, shaded

3100 b c e 350 b c e

3100 B.C.E – 350 B.C.E







Semiprecious Stones


Old kingdom nubia

5th millennium foragers moved to agriculture

Egypt sends donkey caravans to trade in 2300 B.C.E

OLD Kingdom Nubia

Middle kingdom nubia

Egypt has aggressive push into Nubia

Wanted to control trade and gold mines

MIDDLE Kingdom Nubia

The nubian kush

Kush is an area in Nubia

Started around 1750 B.C.E

People skilled in metalworking/pottery

The Nubian Kush

New kingdom nubia

Egypt crushes Nubian Kush

Egypt controls Nubia for 500 years

Egyptian culture mixes with Nubian

New Kingdom Nubia

Meroe 800 b c e 350 b c e

Napata was Egyptian capital

Meroe became new capital after fall of Egypt

Nubia’s cultural Renaissance

Meroe 800 B.C.E – 350 B.C.E

Fall of meroe

In 701 B.C.E offered to help Palestine against Assyrian Empire

Assyria invaded Egypt and pushed Nubia back

Overran by nomads in 4th century

Fall of Meroe

Celtic europe

Celtic Europe

1000 B.C.E – 50 B.C.E





  • Timber

  • Metals

  • Rivers

Early celts

Early Celts

  • Lived in Europe for thousands of years

  • Around 500 B.C.E. they began trading with Mediterranean

  • Lived in or near hill forts

Celts spread across europe

Celts Spread Across Europe

Celtic people

Celtic People

  • 3 classes

  • Men

  • Women

  • Ruled by kings

  • Druids

Celtic skills

Celtic Skills

  • Metallurgy

  • Building ships

  • Agriculture

Fall of the celts

Fall of the Celts

  • Roman conquest

  • Germanic invasions

  • Celts pushed to NW France, Scotland, Ireland, and Whales

Olmec and chavin

Olmec and Chavin

1200 B.C.E – 250 B.C.E



Mesoamerica olmec

Mesoamerica Olmec

  • Mexico area

  • Flourished between 1200-400 B.C.E

  • Early people depended on plants and fishing

  • Resources

Olmec capitals

Olmec capitals

  • 1st capital was San Lorenzo (1200-900)

  • 2nd capital La Venta (900-600)

  • 3rd capital Tres Zapotes (600-400)

  • Evolved independently

  • Each was destroyed

Olmec culture

Olmec culture

  • Large platforms of packed earth

  • High quality crafts

  • Homes

  • Diet

Olmec politics

Olmec Politics

  • They had kings

  • Associated with the gods

  • Built impressive structures

Olmec religion

Olmec Religion

  • Polytheistic

  • Shamans



  • Peru area

  • Dominant between 900 – 250 B.C.E

  • Relied on the coast and Andes

  • Capital was Chavin de Huantar

Chavin culture

Chavin Culture

  • Extreme architectural structures

  • Distributed food

  • Llamas

  • Intersection of trade routes

Chavin art

Chavin Art

  • Used natural resources

  • Crowns, pottery, jewelry

  • Skilled artisans

Chavin religion

Chavin Religion

  • Center of civilization

  • Influence depended on religion

  • Often seen in art

Ch 2 early china nubia meroe and the first civilizations in the americas


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