Alcohol consumption in British student sports teams. Mattia Rossi University of Florence, Italy Robert C. Dempsey & John McAlaney University of Bradford, UK. 3rd European Symposium on Substance Use in University Students 7 th June 2012, University of Bradford. Background.
University of Florence, Italy
Robert C. Dempsey & John McAlaney
University of Bradford, UK
3rd European Symposium on Substance Use in University Students
7th June 2012, University of Bradford
To investigate social norm perceptions of alcohol use and the role of alcohol consumption in sports team identity and team formation amongst British student athletes
What role does alcohol play in the formation of a team identity and the social processes amongst team members in UK students?
Several cultural and legislative differences between the US and UK in relation to alcohol availability and usage.
Two phase study:
Individual Decision Making
Team Reputation - the history and reputation of the team in terms of their alcohol consumption
“they’re [the rugby team] the ones that are renowned for being the big drinkers, so obviously they’ve got to keep up that kind of name”
“… in badminton you don\'t have to have…like as in a group. Like you don\'t have to join the team with the paperwork and stuff ….you just need to show up”
“and then you look at the hockey guys and some of them are tiny … really like thin… yet they\'re drinking like champions, they\'re drinking so much for their size and they have to do a yard … it’s 4 pints in this huge… It\'s literally like four foot high and they’ve got to down it in a special technique…”
Drinking environment – characteristics of the university, local city and local outlets serving alcohol which facilitate heavy consumption
“I would say it\'s not the size of the city but the size of the University, because take for example … Warwick. Well, the whole University campus it\'s a small town on its’ own, there\'s nothing around it for three or four miles, but the University itself is very big and they have loads of students and therefore... the whole night life and everything is just centered inside that campus”
“They [the pub] want to sell the alcohol so they want to sell more and more they don\'t care if it\'s a team… they want more people to come”
“I think it really alienates some kids…especially the initiation stuff, … you’re part of the team only if you do the initiation, then what if … you don’t drink and then you’re left out of that whole club.”
“they probably get equally drunk if you lose or win, but obviously if you win you its much more …much more happy and they get drunk quicker”
“I think really healthy people they don\'t ever go to the socials…”
“I choose not to get drunk”
“Bradford is quite cheap as a city, so you tend to drink more because you know it’s cheaper drinks”
“I don\'t think that price keeps people from drinking.”
“one of the reasons why some of us are here in Bradford it\'s because the city is cheap and there fore it automatically goes to the assumption that we don\'t have much money for drinking. Which would be my case”
“[some students] they don\'t drink as much alcohol because maybe they\'re quite strict [to] their faith”
“[we are] not allowed drink alcohol in our religion… Yeah that\'s why I tend to not drink… ”
Grossbard, J. R., Geisner, I. M., Mastroleo, N. R., Kilmer, J. R., Turrisi, R., & Larimer, M. E. (2009). Athletic identity, descriptive norms, and drinking among athletes transitioning to college. Addictive Behaviors, 34(4), 352-359.
Moreira, M. T., Smith, L. A., & Foxcroft, D. (2009). Social norms interventions to reduce alcohol misuse in university or college students. Cochrane Database Systematic Reviews, 8(3):CD006748.
Neighbors, C., Dillard, A. J., Lewis, M. A., Bergstrom, R. L., & Neil, T. A. (2006). Normative misperceptions and temporal precedence of perceived norms and drinking. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 67, 290–299.
Perkins, H.W., & Berkowitz, A.D. (1986). Perceiving the community norms of alcohol use among students: Some research implications for campus alcohol education programming. International Journal of the Addictions, 21, 971-976.
Rossi, M., Dempsey, R. C., & McAlaney, J. (in prep). Alcohol consumption in British student sports teams.
Turrisi, R., Mastroleo, N. R., Mallett, K. A., Larimer, M. E., & Kilner, J. (2007). Examination of the mediational influences of peer norms, environmental Influences, and parent communications on heavy drinking in athletes and non-athletes. Psychology of Addictive Behaviours, 21(4): 453–461.
Yusko, D. A., Buckman, J. F., White, H. R., & Pandina, R. J. (2008) Risk for excessive alcohol use and drinking-related problems in college student athletes. Addictive Behaviors, 33(12), 1546-1556.