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Passion, Politics, and Protest: The English Reformation – Henry VIII 1509-1547). Passion, Politics, and Protest: The English Reformation – Henry VIII 1509-1547). Spanish Alliance Catherine of Aragon Marriage to Arthur in 1501 (Arthur died a few months later, in 1502

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Passion politics and protest the english reformation henry viii 1509 1547
Passion, Politics, and Protest: The English Reformation – Henry VIII 1509-1547)

St. John in the Wilderness


Passion politics and protest the english reformation henry viii 1509 15471
Passion, Politics, and Protest: The English Reformation – Henry VIII 1509-1547)

  • Spanish Alliance

    • Catherine of Aragon

      • Marriage to Arthur in 1501 (Arthur died a few months later, in 1502

      • Henry denounced potential marriage – relying on scripture

    • Papal Dispensation – 1509

      • Man must not marry his brother’s widow

      • Childless marriage

St. John in the Wilderness


Passion politics and protest the english reformation henry viii 1509 15472
Passion, Politics, and Protest: The English Reformation – Henry VIII 1509-1547)

  • Henry and protests for religious change

    • “Defender of the Faith”

    • Influence of Luther and Zwingli spreading to England

      • Lutherism at Cambridge

      • Lollardy growing

      • Persecution by Crown

St. John in the Wilderness


Passion politics and protest the english reformation henry viii 1509 15473
Passion, Politics, and Protest: The English Reformation – Henry VIII 1509-1547)Henry VIII (1509-1547)

  • The King’s Great Matter (1527-39)

    • Male Heir vs. Female Heir (Catherine is 40 in 1525)

      • Matilda – reign plagued by civil war

      • 2nd generation

      • His own personal beliefs?

    • Appeal to Rome (Cardinal Wolsey) 1527-29)

    • Debate in European Universities (1529)

      • Canon law – Pope could set aside

      • God’s law – irrefutable

St. John in the Wilderness


Passion politics and protest the english reformation henry viii 1509 15474
Passion, Politics, and Protest: The English Reformation – Henry VIII 1509-1547)Henry VIII (1509-1547)

  • The Political Reformation: The Reformation Parliament (1529-1536

    • 1530 – English clergy recognizes Henry as the Supreme Head of the Church OF England, “as far as the law of Christ allows”

    • 1533 – English Ecclesiastical Court grants Henry’s annulment (marriage to Anne Boleyn – Elizabeth born September 1533

      -- 1534 Act of Supremacy – Parliament declared Henry the Supreme Head of the Church of England.

St. John in the Wilderness


Passion politics and protest the english reformation henry viii 1509 15475
Passion, Politics, and Protest: The English Reformation – Henry VIII 1509-1547)Henry VIII (1509-1547)

  • The Spiritual Reformation:

    • The Six Articles (1539): Act abolished diversity of opinion

      • Oral confession

      • Transubstantiation

      • Communion in one kind only

      • Clerical celibacy

      • Vows of chastity for laity – lay brothers, ex nuns

      • Prayers for the dead

    • No change in Creed

    • English replaced Latin

    • 1535 Coverdale’s English translation of Bible in Churches in England

    • Relics and shrines discredited and destroyed (occasionally)

    • Church still fully Catholic in belief -- King Replaces Pope

St. John in the Wilderness


Passion politics and protest the english reformation henry viii 1509 15476
Passion, Politics, and Protest: The English Reformation – Henry VIII 1509-1547)Henry VIII (1509-1547)

  • 1535-1539 – Dissolution of the Monastaries

  • Reactions to this stage of Reformation

    • Pilgrimage of Grace (1536)

      • Yorkshire –

      • Economic demands – even though related to commission studies on parish churches

      • Collapsed on its own, but Duke of Norfolk exacted severe revenge

St. John in the Wilderness


Passion politics and protest the english reformation edward vi 1547 53
Passion, Politics, and Protest: The English Reformation – Henry VIII 1509-1547)Edward VI (1547-53)

  • Ruled by Regents (Duke of Somerset, Duke of Northumberland, and Archbishop Cranmer)

    • Edward ascends the throne at the age of 9

    • Note that Henry appoints “regents” who lean to protest

  • Dominated by religious changes – Protestant reaction that Henry’s changes didn’t go far enough

St. John in the Wilderness


Passion politics and protest the english reformation edward vi 1547 531
Passion, Politics, and Protest: The English Reformation – Henry VIII 1509-1547)Edward VI (1547-53)

  • 1549 First Book of Common Prayer – with Act of Uniformity

    • Essentially a combination of prior ceremonial majesty with simplified communion service in English

    • In direct line of catholic worship, a “reform” rather than an innovation

    • Six Articles Repealed

    • Result – Resentment from Catholics and Protestants

St. John in the Wilderness


Passion politics and protest the english reformation edward vi 1547 532
Passion, Politics, and Protest: The English Reformation – Henry VIII 1509-1547)Edward VI (1547-53)

  • 1552 Second Act of Uniformity and 2nd Book of Common Prayer

    • Transubstantiation repudiated in Holy Communion

    • Clergy allowed to marry

    • Holy Communion made essentially an act of remembrance – Black Rubric

    • Oral Confession ended

  • 42 Articles ( Thomas Cranmer)

    • Doctrinal platform for via media

      • Reflects protestant justification by faith (Lutheran) and

      • Calvinistic influence (interpretation of sacraments)

      • but then, abruptly, young king dies

  • Political turmoil regarding succession

    • Lady Jane Grey v. Mary Tudor

St. John in the Wilderness


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