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Early America by Trevor Matheney. Genre: Expository Text. purpose is to share information with the reader or to persuade the reader to think or act a certain way facts about real events or real people are often included information is presented in a straightforward way

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Early America by Trevor Matheney

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Early america by trevor matheney l.jpg

Early Americaby Trevor Matheney


Genre expository text l.jpg

Genre: Expository Text

  • purpose is to share information with the reader or to persuade the reader to think or act a certain way

  • facts about real events or real people are often included

  • information is presented in a straightforward way

  • events are presented in the order in which they happened

  • writing may be organized by topics

  • diagrams, photographs, maps, or other illustrations may be included to help the reader understand the subject better


Background l.jpg

Background

  • The historical setting of the selection is the 17th or 18th century.

  • If you are on the East Coast in an area where colonization goes back to the 17th or 18th century, an emphasis on local history would be ideal. The names of the streets, hills, streams, and other places can tell a great deal about the past.


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colonistsuse contexts clues and word structure

  • When the colonists arrived in America they were beginning a new life.

  • The colonists decided to start life in a new territory.

  • colonists- people who helped to start a colony or land controlled by a nation or country


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civilizationsuse context clues and word structure

  • These people formed tribes such as the Hopewell and Powhatan and great civilizations such as the Aztec and Inca.

  • In some ways, Western societies are based on the ancient civilizations if Greece and Rome.

  • civilizations – human societies with their own organization and culture


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inherituse context clues

  • For the most part in Europe at that time, only the oldest son could inherit the land of his father.

  • Did Min inherit the jewelry after her mother died?

  • inherit – to receive from someone usually a relative, who has died


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settlementsuse context clues and word structure

  • Spain and England were the first countries to build settlements in America.

  • The Plymouth Colony was the first of the Pilgrims settlements in America.

  • settlements – newly established places where people have come to live.


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diverseuse context clues

  • The New York Colony became a very culturally and ethnically diverse colony.

  • Manuel’s diverse interests include soccer, painting, and gardening.

  • diverse – different; varied


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Word Knowledge

  • Spanish English French Chinese

  • giant college energy shortage

  • unclosed unfinished disappear displeased

  • fail mail bail hail


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Identify the subject and the verb in this sentence:

  • Artifacts that have been found suggest visits by the Japanese, Chinese, and Phoenicians.


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Artifactsthat have been found suggest visits by the Japanese, Chinese, and Phonecians.

subject is: artifacts

verb is: found

that have been found is the phrase separating the subject and the verb

– it is called an adjective clause because it describes the subject - artifacts


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Identify the linking verb and the 2 nouns the verb links:

  • The first college in the colonies was Harvard.

  • linking verb: was

  • nouns that the verb links: college Harvard

  • The first college in the colonies was Harvard.


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Identify the adjectives in this sentence:

  • Early colonists had to face many unfamiliar things.

  • adjectives: early

    many

    unfamiliar


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Identify which word rhymes with pail:

  • Mail service between the colonies and England was irregular.

  • rhyming word: mail

  • Name other words that rhyme with pail


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