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BAHASA INGGRIS

TALKING ABOUT DAILY ACTIVITIES AND EVENTS


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I. TALKING ABOUT DAILY ACTIVITIES

The Simple Present Tense

is used for :

  • A general activity

  • A general truth

  • Habitual actions

  • Mental states

  • Perceptions


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Things to remember

  • Verb 1 :

    to go, to buy, to send, etc.

  • Linking verbs :

    Am, is, are


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Look at the following examples :

General activity

- My sister plays the guitar.

- Mr. Kurniawan manages the shop.

- Ikram works for the Astra Company.


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General truth

- Water boils at 100 degrees.

- The sun sets in the west.

- The sky is blue.


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Habitual action

- The students go to school everyday.

- She drinks a cup of tea every morning.

- He gets up early in the morning.


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Verbs of perception

- We hear some noise in the hall.

- She smells something burning.

- This medicine tastes awful.


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Verbs of Mental states

- I believe he is right.

- He knows the answer.

- We don’t understand the questions.


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II. TALKING ABOUT EVENTS

  • The Present Progressive Tense

    The activity is happening right now/at the time the speaker is saying it.

  • Things to remember

    The linking verb: am, is are + Verb 1+ ing

    (going, eating, buying, etc)


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Look at the following examples :

a. It’s noon. I am eating lunch at the

cafeteria right now.

b. Ani can’t come to the phone right now

because she is taking a shower.



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EXERCISES

For question number 1-3. Find the correct answer by circling a, b, c or d!

1. Teacher : How do you go to school ?

Student : ….

a. I take a bus.

b. I am taking a bus.

c. I will take a bus.

d. I won’t take a bus.


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Key answer : A

Explanation :

It asks about your daily habit.


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2. Nina : What does a teacher do ?

Cathy: ….

a. She usually explained the lessons to

the students.

b. She usually explains the lessons to

the students

c. She is explaining the lessons to

the students.

d. She has explained the lessons to

the students.


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  • Key Answer: B

  • Explanation : Because it asks about what a teacher’s habit is


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3. Caller : Can I speak to Lia?

Receptionist : I am afraid ……….

Caller : When will she back?

Receptionist : At one o’clock,

can I take a

message?

Caller : No, thanks, I’ll call her

back later


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a. She is having a meeting.

b. She is in her room

c. She had a meeting

d. She will be here.


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  • Key : A

  • Explanation:

    The caller asks what Lia’s


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For question number 4-7. Find one word/phrase that is not correct .

Deny : Do you believe in flying saucers?

A

Santi : What did you talking about?

B C

I think it’s only your imagination

D


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  • Key : correct .B

  • Explanation : Santi asks what Deni

    is talking about ( at the moment )


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5. A : What do you correct .do when you are

A B

nervous?

B : When I am nervous I’m biting my

C D

nails


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  • Key : correct .D

  • Explanation: Because its asks your habit


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6. Anto : Why are you correct .smile?

A

Anti : I’m smiling because I’m happy.

B C

So I always smile when I’m happy

D


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7. Father : What’s Mayang doing? correct .

Mother : ….That’s strange!

She never cleans her room

a. She is fixing the car.

b. She is studying English.

c. She is cleaning her room.

d. She is having a meeting


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  • Key : correct .C

  • Explanation : Father asked about Mayang’s activities.


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