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Livingston Municipal Alliance Committee Alcohol Tobacco & Other Drugs 2007-2008 Survey of the Livingston School District Grades 4-12. Substance abuse and its related problems are among societies most pervasive of health and social concerns. National Institute on Drug Abuse ( NIDA )

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Livingston Municipal Alliance Committee

Alcohol Tobacco & Other Drugs

2007-2008 Survey

of the

Livingston School District

Grades 4-12


Substance abuse and its related problems are among societies most pervasive of health and social concerns.

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

This is the reason for Livingston's Drug and Alcohol Survey.


About the survey
About the survey ……. societies most pervasive of health and social concerns.

With the support of the Livingston Public Schools, the Municipal Alliance administered the “American Drug and Alcohol Survey” this year (2007-08) to students in grades 4 – 12 in the Livingston Public Schools. The results of the report issued by the Rocky Mountain Behavioral Science Institute (RMBSI) are referenced here with comments on trends, current programs and recommendations. All data is available online through the Livingston Public Schools website (www.livingston.org).


Number of Students Surveyed societies most pervasive of health and social concerns.

Livingston Elementary Schools

2001/022004/052007/08

Number Enrolled 734 759 895

Number Surveyed 721 98% 515 67% 694 78%

LivingstonMiddle Schools

Number Enrolled 1129 1192 1265

Number Surveyed 1095 97% 889 75% 973 77%

Livingston High School

Number Enrolled 1439 1572 1662

Number Surveyed 1350 94% 1105 70% 1091 66%

Number Excluded 55 75

Totals:

Number Enrolled 3302 3523 3822

Number Surveyed 3166 96% 2509 71% 2758 72%


Active vs passive consent
Active vs. Passive Consent societies most pervasive of health and social concerns.

  • 20% - 70% response rate on average for active consent

  • In Livingston, our respondent rate ranges from 66%-78%

Noll, R.B., Zeller, M.H., Vannatta, K., Bukowski, W., & Davies, W.H. 1997. "Potential bias in classroom research: Comparison of children with permission and those who do not receive permission to participate." Journal of Clinical Child Psychology,26(1). 36-42.


Nationwide statistics
Nationwide Statistics societies most pervasive of health and social concerns.

  • 81% of students surveyed have had >1 drink of alcohol in their lifetime

  • 14.6% of students surveyed have sniffed glue, breathed the contents of aerosol, or inhaled any type of sprays or paints to get high during their lifetime

  • 11.3% of students surveyed have tried marijuana before age 13 years

  • 32.2% of students surveyed have had their first drink of alcohol before age 13

  • 47.2% students surveyed have used marijuana in their lifetime

  • 30.2% of students surveyed have been offered, sold, or been given drugs on school property the 12 months preceding the survey

    Source: National Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 2005


L.M.A.C. societies most pervasive of health and social concerns.

A.T.O.D. SURVEY RESULTS

for the

ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS


Summary of trends for the elementary age students
Summary of Trends for the societies most pervasive of health and social concerns. Elementary Age Students

  • Cigarette use has consistently decreased

  • Marijuana and alcohol use have increased slightly

  • 4th and 5th graders demonstrate increased understanding of the dangers of using drugs and alcohol

  • Inhalant use continues to be a significant concern

  • Bullying and victimization continue to be significant issues for female and male students with increases in reported incidents on the survey


Percent of 4 th and 5 th graders who have ever tried a drug
Percent of 4 societies most pervasive of health and social concerns. th and 5th Graders Who Have “Ever-Tried” a Drug

9


Where elementary students have used alcohol
Where Elementary Students societies most pervasive of health and social concerns. Have Used Alcohol


Percent of elementary students who have friends who use drugs
Percent of Elementary Students Who Have Friends Who societies most pervasive of health and social concerns. Use Drugs

Percent of Elementary Students Who Have Friends Who Would Ask Them to Use Drugs



L. M.A.C. Students

A.T.O.D. SURVEY RESULTS

for the

MIDDLE SCHOOLS


Summary of trends for middle school age students
Summary of Trends for Middle School StudentsAge Students

  • Reporting by 6th, 7th and 8th graders for “ever using” alcohol has increased

  • The percentages of students who report ever having tried a drug have decreased

  • There has been a decrease in inhalant use for 7th and 8th graders in the last month, but inhalants are very accessible

  • Middle school students understand that getting drunk will lead to a lot of harm

  • Alcohol use at home continues to be a concern

  • Illegal prescription drug use is an increasing concern



Percent of Middle School Students StudentsWho Have Used “in the last month”


Perceived Availability of Drugs Among Middle School Students - Percent Indicating Either “fairly easy” or “very easy” to Get Each Drug

17


Tobacco use by middle school students
Tobacco Use by Middle School Students - Percent Indicating Either “fairly easy” or

18


L m a c a t o d survey results for livingston high school
L.M.A.C. - Percent Indicating Either “fairly easy” or A.T.O.D. SURVEY RESULTS forLIVINGSTON HIGH SCHOOL


Summary of trends for high school age students
Summary of Trends for High School - Percent Indicating Either “fairly easy” or Age Students

  • Drug use across all levels (high, moderate and low involvement) for LHS students increases by age/grade level

  • There is a consistent reduction in the belief that using alcohol, getting drunk or using marijuana once or twice will lead to “a lot” of harm

  • Reported use of tobacco, alcohol and other drugs over “last month” by 9th to 12th graders has increased


Summary of trends in the high school
Summary of Trends in the High School - Percent Indicating Either “fairly easy” or

  • Hurting someone else is a reported result of the use of drugs, other than alcohol, for 12th graders

  • Prescription drug use is on the increase at LHS and nationwide

  • Alcohol use is reported to negatively impact relationships

  • Students continue to use inhalants despite the knowledge that use will cause harm

  • Bullying, violence and victimization continue to be areas of significant concern


Percent of Livingston High School Students & 12 - Percent Indicating Either “fairly easy” or th Graders Across Country Who Have Used Each Drug in the Last Month

22


Where livingston high school students have used alcohol
Where Livingston High School Students - Percent Indicating Either “fairly easy” or Have Used Alcohol

23



Pattern of drug use among livingston high school students 2007 08
Pattern of Drug Use Among Livingston High AlcoholSchool Students – 2007/08




Current Programs Threatened

and

Recommendations


Current programs in the livingston public schools
Current Programs in the Livingston ThreatenedPublic Schools

  • K-12 School Counseling program addresses issues of bullying and victimization through class lessons, small groups and individual student meetings

  • Small groups run by Guidance and SAC help to develop social/emotional skills and provide support for grief/loss, Children of Alcoholics (COA) issues, new student transitions and other needs

  • D.A.R.E. is provided for 6th graders to encourage a non-use message and to develop refusal skills

  • Tobacco, drug and alcohol awareness is a focus through the Guidance and Health curricula, including events such as Red Ribbon Week and the Great American Smoke-Out

  • Rebel and Rebel 2 communicate anti-tobacco messages at Heritage and LHS


Current programs in the livingston public schools cont d
Current Programs in the Livingston ThreatenedPublic Schools (cont’d.)

  • Listen-to-Children is an intergenerational program which enhances a student’s social and emotional coping skills

  • Student Ambassadors, Leo Club and Key Club encourage student leadership and service learning

  • All 4th graders are provided with a lesson on inhalants by the school counselors and/or teachers

  • “Parent Academies” support parent/guardian education related to issues such as bullying and academic stressors

  • District “Code of Conduct” defines expectations for behavior with a focus on responsibility and respect

  • Peer to Peer program at LHS strengthens leadership skills and promotes a non-use message


Current programs in the livingston community
Current Programs in the ThreatenedLivingston Community

  • Healthy Community Healthy Youth (HCHY) Committee supports student-centered programs

  • Livingston Municipal Alliance Committee (LMAC) provides community and student awareness programs related to the prevention of tobacco, alcohol and substance abuse

  • The JCC MetroWest provides a variety of activities for youth

  • Livingston Youth & Community Services (LYCS) provides leadership skills training that promotes a tobacco, alcohol and drug free message

  • The YM/YWCA encourages living a healthy lifestyle and family activities

  • PT Council and PTAs/HSAs provide programming to support healthy lifestyles with students and families


Recommendations
Recommendations Threatened

  • Enhanced parent/community education related to inhalant, prescription drug and alcohol use

  • Increased coordination between schools and community

  • Continued education/awareness related to internet safety and cyber bullying

  • Increase alignment of K-12 Guidance and Health curricula to address issues of A.T.O.D., violence and victimization

  • Continue involvement and program focus during transition years (5/6, 6/7 and 8/9)regarding civility, diversity and conflict resolution

  • Provide consistent messages regarding athletics in the schools and in the community related to A.T.O.D.


Recommendations cont d
Recommendations Threatened(cont’d)

  • Reduce “mixed” messages about usage at home through parent/guardian and student education

  • Intergenerational programming to instill and model social responsibility

  • Continue to educate staff regarding drug, alcohol and inhalants use

  • Coordination of information/resources throughout the community


Our children are our greatest resource
Our children are our greatest resource . . . Threatened

We must be vigilant.

We must be believable.

We must work together to protect them.

Many thanks to L.M.A.C. for the Alcohol,

Tobacco and Other Drugs Survey and

for their continued support.

May, 2008


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