Islam and the muslim empire
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ISLAM AND THE MUSLIM EMPIRE. Islam. A monotheistic religion ; belief in one god. Islam started in the Middle East in the Arabian Peninsula in 622 A.D. Islam means submission , obedience, or peace. Muslim. Muslim, one who believes, a follower of Islam

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ISLAM AND THE MUSLIM EMPIRE

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ISLAM AND THE MUSLIM EMPIRE


Islam

  • A monotheistic religion; belief in one god.

  • Islam started in the Middle East in the ArabianPeninsula in 622 A.D.

  • Islam means submission , obedience, or peace


Muslim

  • Muslim, one who believes, a follower of Islam

  • Muslims worship the same one God of Christians and Jews

  • ALLAH is the Arabic word for God


Islam

  • Muhammad—Prophet

  • Revelation ---a divine message from god

  • Archangel Gabriel—messenger who revealed Allah’s divine message to Muhammad


Archangel Gabriel and Muhammad


Muhammad the Prophet

  • Muhammad was born in Mecca

    570 A.D.

  • Mecca – people practiced a polytheistic religion, many gods and goddesses.

  • Kaaba—a temple built by Abraham and Ishmael. The Kaaba held the idols of many gods and goddesses.


KAABA holy temple in Mecca


Muhammad the Prophet

  • Muhammad revealed the message to the citizens of Mecca.

  • Citizens of Mecca would not give up their many gods and goddesses.

  • Muhammad travelled to Medina in 622 A.D.

    known as Hegira.

  • Muhammad returns to Mecca with an army and takes control of Mecca.


Islam

  • Quran—holy book of Islam

  • Mecca—holy city of Islam

  • Allah—Arabic word for God

  • Mosque- Muslim house of worship

  • Hajj—holy pilgrimage to Mecca


MOSQUE


FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM

  • Faith

  • Prayer

  • Alms—give to the poor

  • Fasting—

  • Pilgrimage to Mecca


How did the religion of Islam change the culture and economy of Mecca?

Muhammad conquered the city of Mecca and made it a holy city of Islam.

Polytheistic religious beliefs were replaced with a monotheistic religion, Islam.

The Kaaba, which once housed the statues of many gods and goddesses, was dedicated as a temple to Allah.


How did the religion of Islam change the culture and economy of Mecca?

  • The Quran – the holy book of Islam

  • Islam’s laws cover daily life and how society should be run.


How did Islam shape politics in Mecca?

  • Muhammad created a government that was based on Islamic Law.

  • Islamic State– no separation of religion and government.

  • All Muslims were loyal to the Islamic State


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