Direct object pronouns
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Direct Object Pronouns. Whom or what receives the action of the verb!. Basic Review. Direct Objects in English receive the action of the verb To find the direct object, you ask: What? Whom? Ex. Rufus bought contact lenses. Ex. Zippy and Maurice played soccer yesterday.

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Direct object pronouns

Direct Object Pronouns

Whom or what receives the action of the verb!


Basic review
Basic Review

  • Direct Objects in English receive the action of the verb

  • To find the direct object, you ask: What? Whom?

    Ex. Rufus bought contact lenses.

    Ex. Zippy and Maurice played soccer yesterday.


subject + verb + what? or who? = direct object


French direct objects
French Direct Objects

  • Direct Objects in French are the same thing as in English. Just ask yourself: What? Whom?

    Ex. Tout le monde aime Robert Pattinson.

    Ex. Nous voyons le film.


sujet + verbe + quoi? ou qui? = l’objet direct


Direct object pronouns1
Direct Object Pronouns

  • Instead of saying:

    Tout le monde aime Robert Pattinson

    the direct object is replaced by a direct object pronoun (DOP). Therefore, you would say:

    Tout le monde l’aime.

    You would have an “l’” because “aime” starts with the vowel, “a”.

    Here are the DOPs that replace the direct object:



Rule one
Rule One

  • The DOP precedes the verb

    -in the present tense

    -in the past tense

    Ex. Il mange le raisin rouge.

    Il a mangé le raisin rouge.

    Il le mange.

    Il l’a mangé.


Rule two
Rule Two

  • The DOP precedes

    -the infinitive of a futur proche construction

    Ex. Elle va faire les devoirs.

    Elle va les faire.


Rule three
Rule Three

  • The DOP

    -attaches to the end of the verb with a hyphen for a positive command

    Ex. Lisez le tableau.

    Lisez-le.


Rule four
Rule Four

  • The DOP

    -precedes the verb in a negative command

    Ex. Ne vois pas le film.

    Ne le vois pas.


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