Social studies chapter 4 a place to live
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Social Studies Chapter 4: A Place to Live. Page 49-64. Population Patterns. Population Density identifies how many people live on a given area of land. Population Distribution is the pattern in which people are settled. Clustered, Compact, Loose-knit, Linear. Urban/Rural. Urban Centres

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Social Studies Chapter 4: A Place to Live

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Social StudiesChapter 4: A Place to Live

Page 49-64

Population Patterns

  • Population Density identifies how many people live on a given area of land.

  • Population Distribution is the pattern in which people are settled.

    • Clustered, Compact, Loose-knit, Linear


  • Urban Centres

    • Higher density population

    • At least 1000 people

    • 400 or more persons per square km.

  • Rural Areas

    • Countryside

    • Fewer people per square km.

  • Rural Push is when people move from the rural areas into the urban areas.

  • Urban Pull is when the conditions in the area attract people to move there.

  • Movement away from an area is called outmigration.

  • The population of Atlantic Canada is made up of many cultures.

Aboriginal Peoples

  • Different groups have developed distinct spiritual traditions, languages, and cultures.

The Innu

  • Newfoundland and Labrador

  • Used resources from land and sea

  • 2 groups

  • Call their land, Nitassinan.

Algonquian Nations

  • 3 Groups

    • Mi’kmaq (NS and parts of NFLD)

    • Maliseet (parts of NB)

    • Passamaquoddy (PEI and NB)

  • Hunting, fishing, trapping, and trading.

The Inuit

  • Northern Atlantic region

  • Palaeoeskimo Groups and Thule


  • Newfoundland

  • Hunting and fishing

  • Are now extinct

  • Last known member, Shawnandithit, died of tuberculosis in 1829.

Effects of Contact

  • Ethnocentrism

    • The belief that their culture and beliefs are better than those of others.

  • Kept the Europeans from appreciating and understanding the Aboriginal peoples.

Early European Settlement

  • Early 1600’s

  • Immigrants from England and France

  • Need resources (fish and fur)

  • Competition between English and French for control of land (17th –18th century)

The Acadians

  • French Canadians.

  • Northern NB.


  • Imagine you are a farmer and you’ve settled down and NB has become your home.

  • The British have gained control of NB.

  • The British pressure you to swear allegiance to the crown.

  • What will you do?


  • Some agreed; however they wished to remain neutral in the event of a war.

  • This causes tension and thus there are conflicts.

  • Would you swear to something you did not believe?


  • Most European settlers from the 1600s onwards were English, Welsh, Irish, or Scottish immigrants.

African Canadian Communities

  • 1600s and 1700s, British traders captured people in West Africa and brought them to North America, to be sold as slaves.

  • Halifax was a part of the slave trade.


  • Refugees: people who are forced to flee their home.

  • A number of people immigrated to Atlantic Canada after WWII and in the ’70s.

  • They have contributed to our growth in Urban areas.


  • Think of a project that you think I would accept.

  • The project must demonstrate that you have learned something from the four chapters in our “Physical Setting” unit.

  • Present your idea to me on paper or wiki-space.

  • I will decide on one or a choice of the topics.

Focus on an Issue 3

  • Read page 62

  • Answer the questions 1-3 (p. 62) on Word and then copy and paste to a reply to “Focus on an Issue 3”.

  • You may work with a partner.

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