From Abd al-Malik to Hisham. Islamic History: the First 150 Years. Session Plan. Unity Restored Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz Hisham and the End of Expansion Rumblings of Thunder Readings. Section I: Unity Restored. Unity Lost.
Islamic History: the First 150 Years
‘Sulaiman was a luxurious profligate, Umar almost an ascetic; to the former the ruling power offered unlimited means of enjoyment; upon the latter it imposed a a weight of responsibility. In everything he did judgement loomed before his eyes, and he was always afraid of coming up short of the requirements of God’ (p. 268)