Criminology. Presented by C. Delano Gray. Definition. Criminology is a sub-field of sociology dealing with matters related to crime and criminal behavior. It includes fields such as crime statistics , criminal psychology , forensic science , law enforcement , and detective methods.
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C. Delano Gray
A crime in a broad sense is an act that violates a political or moral law. In the narrow sense, a crime is a violation of the criminal law. For example, most traffic violations or breach of contracts are not crimes in a legal sense.
Difficulties inherent in the theory
“nonviolent crime for financial gain committed by means of deception by persons whose occupational status is entrepreneurial, professional or semi-professional and utilizing their special occupational skills and opportunities.”
An employee embezzles $10
A store owner knowingly puts “large eggs into containers marked “extra large”
A person makes an obscene phone callPublic Perceptions of White-Collar Crime (National Survey of Crime Severity)
An employee embezzles $1,000
A person beats a victim with his fists. The victim requires treatment by a doctor but not hospitalization.Public Perceptions of White-Collar Crime
30% Situationally Honest
40% Honest All the Time
Internal Audit Detects 20% of Detected FraudsComment on the Control Environment
Provide a Good Audit Trail