Nigeria. Why Study Nigeria?. Nigeria is a megastate Its importance is derived from its large population, oil reserves, and centrality to the study of Africa Nigeria embodies the much of the variety of African political experience. Why Study Nigeria?.
Population: 140 million
Territory: 356,668 sq. miles
Year of Independence: 1960
Year of Current Constitution: 1979 Constitution still partially in force; draft 1995 Constitution published and revised in 1999 (the 1999 Constitution)
Head of State: President Goodluck Jonathan
Head of Government: President Goodluck Jonathan
Language: English (official), Hausa,Yoruba, Igbo, (and 250 other ethnic groups)
Indigenous beliefs: 10%
“National Question” = the differing opinions about how political power should be distributed and how the government should be structured.
Nigeria’s Largest Ethnic Groups
“Nigerian corruption fighter”
“Nigerian corruption fighter”
To survive, or, more optimistically, flourish, Nigeria’s elected leaders face a myriad of economic and political challenges that will require a gradual and deliberate transformation bold enough to champion real change, but mindful that the military has the potential to return to power if given the opportunity.
The future of Nigeria hangs on this precarious balance
Ken Saro Wiwa,
executed in 1995
In a January 2006 email, MEND warned the oil industry:
"It must be clear that the Nigerian government cannot protect your workers or assets. Leave our land while you can or die in it.... Our aim is to totally destroy the capacity of the Nigerian government to export oil."
May 2010 – present Goodluck Jonathan President
Popularly elected to four-year term with maximum of two terms
Head of Government
Commander-in-Chief of armed forces
Head of State
Appoints government ministers (confirmed by Senate)—must come from all 36 states
Federal Executive Council: Ensures laws are properly implemented
President and ministers not allowed to serve in National Assembly
As with many “developing nations”, the bureaucracy has been the source of employment for large numbers of people not engaged in trade or agriculture.
Major source of corruption due to political instability, lack of accountability, and massive cash from oil production.
Bureaucracy has maintained its power throughout military and civilian rule
Labor Unions usually organized by sector
Universities source of political activism
National Union of Petroleum and Gas Workers (NUPENG)
Nigerian Bar Association
Nigerian Medical Association
No farmer groups…ethnic divisions prevented this.
A network of powerful northern military leaders who maintain strong influence over military and politics and are engaged in organized crime
Powerful political figures are able to mobilize support through personal connections with subordinates
Colonialism had an impact on both the colonizer and the colonized.
(A) Describe two examples of how colonialism has shaped contemporary politics in Nigeria.
(B) Describe two examples of how colonialism has shaped contemporary politics in Great Britain.
ANSWER A Acceptable descriptions of how colonialism shaped contemporary politics in Nigeria:
ANSWER B Acceptable descriptions of how colonialism influenced contemporary politics in Great Britain: