School Media Programs and Student Achievement. Attention Elementary School Principals.
School Media Programs and Student
Attention Elementary School Principals
“Library media centers are critical to meet schools’ instructional goals and objectives. They promote literacy by developing and encouraging reading. But how do you know whether your library media center program is effective? What is a realistic vision for the library media center of the twenty-first century?” (Young, 2005)
Because little research about school media programs is published in Educational Administrators journals, administrators may ask, “(If) there is compelling evidence that libraries can make a significant difference why hasn't this information been made widely available to others in education, instead of appearing almost exclusively in librarian research journals, in practitioner publications, or posted on library Internet sites” (Hartzell, 2012)?
“Most of what administrators know about school library media specialists they learn from personal experience, not through any systematic education or exposure to the literature”
The following information is research based and will provide valid information on the effectiveness of an outstanding media program.
The following findings are based on the Baughman Study of the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System (MCAS) and apply to all grade levels:
MCAS were higher with the following factors:
The following (also based on MCAS) applies to the elementary level:
Scores were higher when:
Achieving good (MCAS) scores depends on:
Based on the Lance study:
What does this mean for our Economically Disadvantaged students?
“the average reading scores for poor students in states that gained librarians increased by 2 percent—almost twice as much as the percentage change for that group in all states (1.2 percent) and four times the percent change for states that lost librarians (0.5 percent).”
What does this mean for high achievers?
(Lance and Hofschire, 2012).
Endorsed librarian vs. a non-endorsed librarian vs. a non-endorsed library clerk
According to Scholastic’s School Libraries Work!, school library programs influence learning outcomes and student achievement when the LMS…
Scholastic also found that at the elementary level, schools averaged better test results when..
“research indicates that these lower reading scores can’t be blamed on cuts to other school staff. Regardless of whether there were fewer classroom teachers schoolwide, students in states that lost librarians tended to have lower reading scores—or had a slower rise on standardized tests—than those in states that gained librarians” (Lance, 2011).
In summation, research supports that when a media specialist follows the Guidelines for School Library Programs set by the American Association of School Libraries where collaboration, inquiry, instruction, and achievement are top priority, student achievement will show positive gains.
"Media programs are no longer measured by the number of books in the media center, but by the information literacy level of the students. Student learning is achieved through the collaborative and proactive leadership roles of the school media specialist, not merely by cataloging and organizing materials” (Anderson, 1999)
American Association of School Librarians and Association for Educational Communications and Technology. (2009). Empowering learners; Guidelines for School Library Media Programs. Chicago: American Library Association.
Anderson, M. (1999). Information Power: Because Student Achievement Is the Bottom Line. Multimedia Schools, 6(2), 22-23. Retrieved from https://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/detail?vid=4&sid=044df9cb-ca57-446c-8870-c5a6447b27bf%40sessionmgr111&hid=8&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=eric&AN=EJ586239
Baughman, J. (2000, October) School Libraries and MCAS Scores. Retreived March 3, 2013 from http://web.simmons.edu/~baughman/mcas-school-libraries/Baughman%20Paper.pdf
Boehm P. The New AASL Program Guidelines for School Library Programs. School Library Monthly [serial online]. September 2009;26(1):50-52. Available from: Professional Development Collection, Ipswich, MA. Accessed March 7, 2013. Retrieved from https://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=3&sid=044df9cb-ca57-446c-8870-c5a6447b27bf%40sessionmgr111&hid=15
Curry, K. (2000). How School Librarians Help Kids Achieve Standards The Second Colorado Study. Library Research Service. Retrieved March 8, 2013, from http://www.lrs.org/documents/lmcstudies/CO/execsumm.pdf
Dickinson, G. K. (2009). What Do We Do with the Guidelines?. Library Media Connection, 28(1), 14-16. Retrieved from https://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/detail?sid=044df9cb-ca57-446c-8870-c5a6447b27bf%40sessionmgr111&vid=3&hid=15&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=lfh&AN=44316184
Francis, B. (2011). The Impact of Library Media Specialists on Students and How It Is Valued by Administrators and Teachers: Findings from the Latest Studies in Colorado and Idaho. Techtrends: Linking Research & Practice To Improve Learning, 55(4), 63-70.
Hartzell, G. (2012). WHY DOESN'T SCHOOL LIBRARY IMPACT RESEARCH HAVE MORE INFLUENCE ON SCHOOL LEADERS?. Library Media Connection,31(2), 18-19. https://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=3&sid=016ecdc9-5a3e-4b75-9ed1-74dea3d26430%40sessionmgr115&hid=102
Kaplan, A. G. (2008). Is Your School Librarian 'Highly Qualified'?. Education Digest, 73(7), 17-20. https://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=6&sid=016ecdc9-5a3e-4b75-9ed1- 74dea3d26430%40sessionmgr115&hid=7
Lance, K., & Hofschire, L. (2012). Change in School Librarian Staffing Linked with Change in CSAP Reading Performance, 2005 to 2011.Denver, CO: Colorado State Library, Library Research Service. Retrieved on March 4, 2013 from http://www.lrs.org/documents/closer_look/CO4_2012_Closer_Look_Report.pdf
Lance, K., & Hofschire, L. (2011, September 1). Something to Shout About: New research shows that more librarians mean higher reading scores. School Library Journal. Retrieved on March 4, 2013 from http://www.schoollibraryjournal.com/slj/home/891612-312/something_to_shout_about_new.html.csp
Morris, B. J. (2005). The Emerging School Library Media Center From the Past into the Future. Knowledge Quest, 33(5), 22-26.
Scholastic. (2007). School Libraries Work! Scholastic: Research and Results. Retrieved February 27, 2013 from http://www.scholastic.com/content/collateral_resources/pdf/s/slw3_2008.pdf
Todd, R. J., Gordon, C. A., & Lu, Y. (2011, September). One Common Goal: Student Learning Executive Summary of Findings and Recommendations of the New Jersey School Library Survey Phase 2. New Jersey Association of School Librarians. Retrieved March 12, 2013, from http://www.njasl.info/wp-content/NJ_study/Phase2_ExecSum.pdf
Young Jr., T.E. (2005). BETTER DATA…BETTER DECISIONS. Library Media Connections, 23(4), 14-19. https://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=8&sid=016ecdc9-5a3e-4b75-9ed1- 74dea3d26430%40sessionmgr115&hid=101
ALL images are from Clip Art, retrieved from http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/?CTT=97