The profession of veterinary medicine professional career development
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The Profession of Veterinary Medicine Professional Career Development. Veterinary Science Extension Veterinary Medicine Texas AgriLife Extension Service College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences Texas A&M System http://aevm.tamu.edu. Objectives . Define veterinary medicine

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The Profession of Veterinary Medicine Professional Career Development

Veterinary Science

Extension Veterinary Medicine

Texas AgriLife Extension Service

College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences

Texas A&M System

http://aevm.tamu.edu


Objectives

  • Define veterinary medicine

  • Describe the different career opportunities in veterinary medicine

  • Discuss the role of veterinary medicine in animal health


Profession of Veterinary Medicine

  • To learn and accomplish

    • Specific diagnosis (accurate) (diagnostician)

    • Specific treatment regimen (correct, effective)

      • Drug therapy (Pharmacologist)

      • Surgical therapy (Surgeon)

      • Physical therapy (Physiologist)

      • Dietary therapy (Nutritionist)

    • Specific prevention, control and eradication protocols (Epidemiologist)


  • To understand advanced sciences

    • Know why, not just what and how

    • No guess diagnosis

    • No shotgun therapies


  • To improve the quality of life of people and animals

    • Foster health and well-being of animals

    • Enhance production of animal populations

    • Increase economic efficiency and profitability of animal operations

    • Improve production of safe and wholesome food

    • Improve the recreational or working relationship of owners and their animals

      • Companionship, human-animal bond, pleasure


Careers in Veterinary Medicine

  • Positions of employment

    • Veterinarian – 4 years pre-vet college, 4 years veterinary college (8 years college)

    • Veterinary Technician – 2 years college

    • Veterinary Assistant – study course, work experience

      • 4-H Veterinary Science Program

        • Career-oriented curriculum

        • Job-trained apprenticeship


  • Fields of employment

    • Companion animal health

    • Exotic animal health

    • Food animal health

    • Laboratory animal health

    • Human health


  • Kinds of employment (types)

    • Private veterinary practice

      • Clinical service – individual animals, animal populations

      • Laboratory service

      • Consultant service


  • Public veterinary practice

    • Education – teaching, extension (university)

    • Research (university, military)

    • Clinical service (university, military)

    • Laboratory service(university, government)

    • Regulatory (government – USDA, TAHC)

  • Industry (Corporate) veterinary practice

    • Research

    • Laboratory service

    • Clinical service

    • Sales


Professional Career DevelopmentDoctor of Veterinary Medicine

  • Evaluate interests and abilities

    • Advanced sciences

    • Animal well-being

    • Kinds of employment

    • Involvement of sick, diseased animals (live and dead) (blood, odor)

    • Compassion and caring for people and animals


  • Communication skills (people person) (people skills)

  • Business skills (private practice)

  • Long work days (night, week-end emergencies - private practice)

    • Not based on: “I love animals.”


  • Make commitment (focus, blinders)

    • Highly motivated and dedicated

  • Work with veterinarians

    • Develop veterinary experience

  • Work with animals

    • Develop animal experience


  • Plan HS curriculum with advanced sciences

    • Calculus

    • Physics

    • Chemistry

    • Zoology (genetics, nutrition, biology)

    • Microbiology

    • Animal science (Ag Sc)


  • Participate in extra-curricular leadership and citizenship activities

    • 4-H Veterinary Science Program

    • 4-H animal projects

    • FFA animal projects

    • Ag Co-op program

    • Animal associations/societies memberships

    • Animal publication subscriptions

    • Animal show/performance clubs


  • Initial enrollment

    • Junior college (transfer after 31 hours)

    • Senior college

      • Know how to study

      • Study habits

      • Time management

      • Focused

      • Large classes

        http://www.cvm.tamu.edu


Academic PreparationPre-professional College Academic Programs

  • Pre-requisites completed in 2 – 4 years (61 hours)

    • Biology

    • Microbiology

    • Genetics

    • Nutrition

    • Inorganic chemistry

    • Organic chemistry

    • Biochemistry

    • Calculus

    • Physics

    • English

    • Animal Science


Life Sciences Category

  • 17 credit hours

    • General biology with lab – 4

    • General Microbiology with lab – 4

    • Genetics – 3

    • Animal nutrition or feed and feeding – 3

    • General animal science – 3


Physical Sciences Category

  • 32 credit hours

    • Inorganic chemistry with lab – 8

    • Organic chemistry with lab – 8

    • Biochemistry – 5

    • Calculus or statistics – 3

    • Physics – 8


Non-Sciences Category

  • 12 credit hours

    • Composition and rhetoric – 3

    • Literature – 3

    • Speech communication – 3

    • Technical writing – 3


Alternate Career Program – B.S. Degrees

  • Biomedical Science (TAMU)

  • Animal Science

    • TAMUS - CS, Commerce, Kingsville, Stephenville, Canyon

    • Texas Tech

    • SFA

    • SHSU

    • Sul Ross

    • TSU

  • Zoology (many)


B.S. Degrees Texas A&M University – College Station

  • College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences

    • Biomedical Science

  • College of Agriculture & Life Sciences

    • Animal Science

    • Biological & Agricultural Engineering

    • Biochemistry

    • Genetics

  • College of Science

    • Biology

    • Chemistry

    • Microbiology

    • Molecular & Cell Biology

    • Zoology


Professional Preparation

  • Leadership activities

  • Citizenship activities

  • Veterinary experience

  • Animal experience

  • Academic rigor

  • Course loads


Professional Program Application Process CVM-TAMU

  • Submit application by October 1

    • (400 applicants)

  • Application score – 300 points

    http://www.cvm.tamu.edu


  • Academic Performance Score – 180 points

    • OA GPA40 points

    • Sci GPA40 points

    • L45 hrs GPA40 points

    • GRE60 points

      • Analytical - 25

      • Quantitative - 25

      • Verbal - 10


  • Professional Preparation Score – 120 points

    • Veterinary experience16 points

    • Animal experience12 points

    • Course load12 points

    • Academic rigor12 points

    • Background28 points

    • Interview score40 points


  • Interview 225 applicants

    • Top academic and professional preparation scores (veterinary and animal experiences)

    • Select 132 applicants in March

      • Successfully complete professional curriculum

      • Have personal qualities, motivation and dedication to be a veterinarian

      • Top academic and professional preparation scores


Professional College Academic Program

  • Curriculum (165 credit hours)

    • Four years (off summers VM1 and VM2)

  • 1VM (21 and 19 credit hours)

    • Anatomy, microbiology, physiology, public health

  • 2VM (20 and 20 credit hours)

    • Nutrition, parasitology, pathology, pharmacology, toxicology, surgery/anesthesiology, radiology

  • 3VM (18 and 21 credit hours)

    • Large animal medicine, small animal medicine, surgery, clinics, clinical skills, practice management, electives


  • 4VM (46 credit hours clinics)

    • 30 weeks – basic case rotations

    • 12 weeks – elective rotations and electives

    • 4 weeks – externship

    • 2 weeks – vacation

  • DVM Degree

    • State and National Board Exams

    • Licensed Veterinarian by State

      http://www.cvm.tamu.edu


Career DevelopmentVeterinary Technician

  • Associate Degree (2 years college)

    • Veterinary Technology

      (Lone Star College, The Vet Tech Institute, Cedar Valley College,

      Palo Alto College, Sul Ross State University, Midland College,

      McLennan Community College)

  • B. S. Degree (4 years college)

    • Biomedical Science

      (Texas A&M University)

  • State and National Board Exams

    • Registered Veterinary Technician (RVT)

    • American Veterinary Medical Association

      • http://www.avma.org


Career DevelopmentVeterinary Assistant

  • Study courses, work experience

  • 4-H Veterinary Science Program

    • Career-oriented curriculum

    • Job-trained apprenticeship

    • http://aevm.tamu.edu

  • State Board Exam

    • Certified Veterinary Assistant (CVT)

    • Texas Veterinary Medical Association

    • http://www.tvma.org


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