France 1870 1914
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France: 1870-1914. By Sean, Tyler and Michelle For Social 20-1IB. Government. In the Third Republic First President of new Republic was Adolphe Thiers (1871-1873), who was generally nonpartisan Thiers Replaced by monarchist Marshal McMahon Government in Versailles due to Paris Commune.

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France: 1870-1914

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France 1870 1914

France: 1870-1914

By Sean, Tyler and Michelle

For Social 20-1IB


Government

Government

  • In the Third Republic

  • First President of new Republic was Adolphe Thiers (1871-1873), who was generally nonpartisan

  • Thiers Replaced by monarchist Marshal McMahon

  • Government in Versailles due to Paris Commune


Paris commune

Paris Commune

  • Lasted 73 days (18 March-28 May, 1871)

  • First socialist/communist (debatable which it was) government in Europe

  • Had elements of anarchism and Jacobinism in it

  • Introduced free secular education for both genders, communal workshops and abolished petty workplace fines

  • Social classes divided on opinion of commune: workers and middle class loved it, everyone else didn’t


Foreign policy and treaties

Foreign Policy and Treaties

  • Three goals: Own lots of Africa, get allies (to combat isolation by Germany) and get back Alsace-Lorraine

  • Signed Entente Cordial with England, but weren’t happy about having to do it (1904)

  • Triple Entente with England and Russia (1907)


Internal policies

Internal Policies

  • Persecution of Catholics

  • Most people never went to church, so everyone was okay with it

  • No Catholic presidents in years leading up to World War One

  • Ferry Laws


Ferry laws

Ferry Laws

  • approved churches could not teach in state run schools

  • unapproved churches could not run schools at all

  • “ecole sans Dieu”

  • free primary education for both genders

  • Parents must contact school if children are absent

  • Teachers wages protected (i.e., cannot be lowered)

  • Essentially, modern schools as we know them were established


Dreyfus affair

Dreyfus Affair

  • Jewish military officer falsely accused of being a spy for Germany, imprisoned based on forged documents

  • When evidence of forgery came out, the military tried to cover it up

  • Word spread about the cover-up

  • Was exonerated after 5 years, went on to serve in WWI


Boulanger affair

Boulanger Affair

  • Georges Ernest Boulanger was a general in the army and a reactionary politician

  • Part of leaders that destroyed Paris Commune

  • Was a conservative monarchist

  • He dominated French politics in 1888

  • Was a favored candidate for presidency

  • Was recognized as potential military dictator

  • Boulangism based on revenge on Germany, restoration of the monarchy and revision of the constitution

  • Scared the Third Republic, but never won major seats

  • Charged with treason in 1889, fled from Paris, then killed himself in Jersey


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