Poli 103a california politics ethnic politics in urban la
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Poli 103A California Politics Ethnic Politics in Urban LA PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Poli 103A California Politics Ethnic Politics in Urban LA. 50 th Congressional District Bill Hauf Francine Busby. Ethnic Politics in Urban LA. Group Profiles: Communities and the New Machines Downtown Developers Westside Jews African Americans Latinos API Americans.

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Poli 103A California Politics Ethnic Politics in Urban LA

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Poli 103A California PoliticsEthnic Politics in Urban LA

50th Congressional District

Bill Hauf

Francine Busby


Ethnic Politics in Urban LA

  • Group Profiles: Communities and the New Machines

    • Downtown Developers

    • Westside Jews

    • African Americans

    • Latinos

    • API Americans


Political Boundaries of the City of Los Angeles


Group Profiles: Downtown Developers and the WASPs

  • Since 1880s, a series of boosters have promoted and profited from the growth of Los Angeles.

    • Harry Chandler expanded the LA Times

    • Henry Huntington built the Red Cars

  • The modern growth machine consists of real estate developers who feed contributions to City Hall in exchange for building permits.


Group Profiles: Downtown Developers and the WASPs

  • Non-Jewish, Non-Hispanic whites were 34% of the LA city electorate in 2001 mayor’s race.

  • Politically conservative, shrinking fast.

Map from http://www.ci.la.ca.us/PLN/DRU/HomeC2K.htm


Group Profiles: Downtown Developers and the WASPs


Group Profiles: Westside Jews

  • Unlike the Jewish population in San Francisco, Los Angeles Jews were traditionally concentrated in Westside because of WASP exclusion.

  • Led by politicians such as the Berman-Waxman machine, which supported liberal candidates with Westside contributions and high tech direct mail targeting.


Group Profiles: Westside Jews

  • 18% of the LA City electorate in 2001, but don’t show up in the Census.

  • Raphael Sonenshein studies Jewish political behavior by comparing Jewish, WASP, Berkeley, and African-American cities and districts:

    • Jewish voters are solidly Democratic, but moderate on crime and race.


Group Profiles: Westside Jews


Group Profiles: African-Americans

  • From 1973-1993, former LAPD officer and UCLA sports hero Tom Bradley held together a rainbow coalition of blacks and white liberals.

  • As mayor, he pushed affirmative action in city hiring, federal anti-poverty assistance, and – more controversially – growth.


Group Profiles: African-Americans

  • 17% of electorate in the 2001 city elections, but shrinking share.

  • Many of the black voters in LA city are middle class, and many are employed by the city or county.


Group Profiles: African-Americans


Group Profiles:Latinos

  • No longer a minority. Since 1990, Latinos have been the plurality of Los Angeles city residents.

  • “The Eastside PRI” and other local political machines elect officials.

  • Community groups like NALEO, SVREP, and MALDEF help to register voters and draw winnable districts.


Group Profiles:Latinos

  • Latinos made up 22% of the city electorate in 2001.

  • Rapidly growing population.

  • Large gap between residents and voters, but gap is shrinking.


Group Profiles:Latinos


Group Profiles: Asian/Pacific Islander Americans

  • Asians in the city are heterogeneous and their “towns” have been divided by political boundaries.

  • Still, Councilman Mike Woo (Chinese American) nearly won the mayoralty in 1993 with 86% of black vote, 69% of API vote, and 57% of Latino vote.


Group Profiles: Asian/Pacific Islander Americans

  • 6% of the city electorate in the 2001 election

  • Rapidly growing percentage of the population

  • Large gap between residents and voters


Group Profiles: Asian/Pacific Islander Americans


Discussion Section

  • I want to focus on Raph Sonenshein’s analysis of Jewish voting

    • Why don’t exit polls tell us everything we need to know?

    • How did Sonenshein conduct his analysis?

    • What are the pitfalls in inferring the behavior of Jewish voters by examining an entire district or city?


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