Galleons and caravans the main debates
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Galleons and Caravans: the main debates. Overview lecture. Galleons and Caravans Week 2 Wednesday 13 October 2010. Global Connections. Today’s Lecture. A. What is Galleons and Caravans about? B. What are the key concepts and methods used in the course?

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Galleons and caravans the main debates

Galleons and Caravans: the main debates

Overview lecture


Galleons and caravans the main debates

Galleons and Caravans

Week 2

Wednesday 13 October 2010

Global Connections


Galleons and caravans the main debates

Today’s Lecture

A. What is Galleons and Caravans about?

B. What are the key concepts and methods used in the course?

C. Historical Debates in Global/World History


Galleons and caravans the main debates

What makes this course different?

  • Team-taught course

2. Chronology: 1300-1800

3. Takes the wider world seriously


Galleons and caravans the main debates

Thematically organised:

Theories of global history

Travel

Silk routes

Silver

Diasporas and migrations

Global cities

Global empires

The European trade companies

Global arts and material culture

Environment and ecological exchange

Religion

Science and technology

War, exploration and exploitation


Galleons and caravans the main debates

1. What is Global History?

www.warwick.ac.uk/go/globalhistory


Galleons and caravans the main debates

What is global history?

  • History of the entire globe?


Galleons and caravans the main debates

What is global history?

  • History of the entire globe?

  • History of globalisation?


Galleons and caravans the main debates

  • ‘Globalisation’ is often seen as a phenomenon that boomed in the 1990s through:

    • new systems of communication (the internet, email etc)

    • a high degree of economic interconnectedness

    • the power of large corporations

    • cultural homogenisation


Galleons and caravans the main debates

What is global history?

  • History of the entire globe?

  • History of globalisation?

  • History of interaction and connection in the early modern world


Galleons and caravans the main debates

Ways of doing global history:

a. Connections:

- to explain both economic and cultural phenomena.

- connections are not always positive (exploitation, war, slavery, etc.).

b. Comparisons:

- especially used in the social sciences

- based on indepth studies of specific localities

- problem of what to compare


Galleons and caravans the main debates

Ways of doing global history:

c. Holistic:

- the whole world as one unit (in ‘big history’ the whole ‘Universe’, as in David Christian’s Maps of Time (2004)

- use of science and biology

d. Systemic:

- analyzes how different areas (be they localities, states or empires) relate to each other.


Galleons and caravans the main debates

World and Global History

Jounal of World History, since 1990, US-based

Journal of Global History, since 2006, UK-based


What is wrong with global history

What is wrong with Global History?

  • Eurocentrism

2. Dominance of economic history


Divergence

Divergence

David Landes

Kenneth Pomeranz

Post 1750

Coal and colonies

  • Environmental factors

  • Superior culture of Northern Europe


World systems theory

World-systems theory

Wallerstein

Frank


Silver and economic integration

Silver and economic integration

Flynn and Giraldez

Richard von Glahn


Scientific development

Scientific development

Toby Huff

Benjamin Elman


Scientific development1

Scientific development

Toby Huff

Benjamin Elman


East india companies

East India Companies

Om Prakash

Markus Vink

‘the new thalassology’

Annales school


Industrial revolution or luxury

Industrial Revolution or Luxury


Galleons and caravans the main debates

Maxine Berg‘In Pursuit of Luxury: Global History and British Consumer Goods in the Eighteenth Century’ Past and Present (2004)


Other topics for your consideration

Other topics for your consideration

  • Empires—global or not?

  • Diaspora communities and their role in creating connections

  • Maritime connections versus land-based connections

  • Spread of religions

  • Cities as nodes of global trade

  • Columbian exchange


Global connections

Global Connections

  • Multidisciplinary approach

    • Economic history as well as social and cultural history

    • Art and material culture

    • Literary materials (travel records, personal accounts)

  • The early modern world had multiple centres of gravity

  • Periodization: start in 1300


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