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Galleons and Caravans: the main debates. Overview lecture. Galleons and Caravans Week 2 Wednesday 13 October 2010. Global Connections. Today’s Lecture. A. What is Galleons and Caravans about? B. What are the key concepts and methods used in the course?

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slide2

Galleons and Caravans

Week 2

Wednesday 13 October 2010

Global Connections

slide3

Today’s Lecture

A. What is Galleons and Caravans about?

B. What are the key concepts and methods used in the course?

C. Historical Debates in Global/World History

slide4

What makes this course different?

  • Team-taught course

2. Chronology: 1300-1800

3. Takes the wider world seriously

slide6

Thematically organised:

Theories of global history

Travel

Silk routes

Silver

Diasporas and migrations

Global cities

Global empires

The European trade companies

Global arts and material culture

Environment and ecological exchange

Religion

Science and technology

War, exploration and exploitation

slide7

1. What is Global History?

www.warwick.ac.uk/go/globalhistory

slide8

What is global history?

  • History of the entire globe?
slide9

What is global history?

  • History of the entire globe?
  • History of globalisation?
slide10

‘Globalisation’ is often seen as a phenomenon that boomed in the 1990s through:

    • new systems of communication (the internet, email etc)
    • a high degree of economic interconnectedness
    • the power of large corporations
    • cultural homogenisation
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What is global history?

  • History of the entire globe?
  • History of globalisation?
  • History of interaction and connection in the early modern world
slide12

Ways of doing global history:

a. Connections:

- to explain both economic and cultural phenomena.

- connections are not always positive (exploitation, war, slavery, etc.).

b. Comparisons:

- especially used in the social sciences

- based on indepth studies of specific localities

- problem of what to compare

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Ways of doing global history:

c. Holistic:

- the whole world as one unit (in ‘big history’ the whole ‘Universe’, as in David Christian’s Maps of Time (2004)

- use of science and biology

d. Systemic:

- analyzes how different areas (be they localities, states or empires) relate to each other.

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World and Global History

Jounal of World History, since 1990, US-based

Journal of Global History, since 2006, UK-based

what is wrong with global history
What is wrong with Global History?
  • Eurocentrism

2. Dominance of economic history

divergence
Divergence

David Landes

Kenneth Pomeranz

Post 1750

Coal and colonies

  • Environmental factors
  • Superior culture of Northern Europe
world systems theory
World-systems theory

Wallerstein

Frank

silver and economic integration
Silver and economic integration

Flynn and Giraldez

Richard von Glahn

scientific development
Scientific development

Toby Huff

Benjamin Elman

scientific development1
Scientific development

Toby Huff

Benjamin Elman

east india companies
East India Companies

Om Prakash

Markus Vink

‘the new thalassology’

Annales school

slide26
Maxine Berg‘In Pursuit of Luxury: Global History and British Consumer Goods in the Eighteenth Century’ Past and Present (2004)
other topics for your consideration
Other topics for your consideration
  • Empires—global or not?
  • Diaspora communities and their role in creating connections
  • Maritime connections versus land-based connections
  • Spread of religions
  • Cities as nodes of global trade
  • Columbian exchange
global connections
Global Connections
  • Multidisciplinary approach
    • Economic history as well as social and cultural history
    • Art and material culture
    • Literary materials (travel records, personal accounts)
  • The early modern world had multiple centres of gravity
  • Periodization: start in 1300
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