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Welcome. Cloze Test. Methods&Skills. 英语完形填空解题步骤. 通读全文,统揽全局。 首句主题 逐句分析,前后推理。 留心提示 通盘理解,上下一致。 作者思想 复读全文,核对答案。 第一感觉. 完形填空解题技巧. 1. 看清上下文,找准 定位词  充分利用文章的上下文和前后句,找到对选择有提示作用的词或句。这些词有时可能是同义词或反义词。例如:. 1) Some parts of the water are very shallow. But in some places it is very _____ .

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Welcome

Welcome


Welcome

Cloze Test

Methods&Skills


Welcome

英语完形填空解题步骤

  • 通读全文,统揽全局。首句主题

  • 逐句分析,前后推理。留心提示

  • 通盘理解,上下一致。作者思想

  • 复读全文,核对答案。第一感觉


Welcome

完形填空解题技巧


Welcome

1.看清上下文,找准定位词

 充分利用文章的上下文和前后句,找到对选择有提示作用的词或句。这些词有时可能是同义词或反义词。例如:

1) Some parts of the water are very shallow.

But in some places it is very _____.

A. deep B. high C. cold D. dangerous

shallow

But

2) Mr John asked_____questions and she didn’t scold us either.

A. no B. certain C. many D. more

and

either


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3) ① the wallet, found in the street, be put into a pocket ② turned over to the policeman? Should the extra change received at the store be forgotten or returned?

① A. Should B. Must C. Would D. Need

② A. and B. or C. then D. but

4) … and then both ended up from

the same high school, just three weeks before_____, Bill asked Mark if they could talk.(2003北京春季卷第45小题)

A graduation B movement C separation D vacation


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2.寻求上下逻辑,从容确定关系

  这类题主要考查考生对上下文逻辑关系的理解,如

转折关系、让步关系、因果关系、递进关系、增补关系、

比较关系以及对比关系等。

1) It has been many years since I was last in London __ I still remember something that happened during that visit.

A. and B. for C. but D. as

解析:根据句前的many years和句后的still remember答案应选表示转折的连词but.


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2). A transistor radio is sometimes very small. It is very easy to carry…___,radio broadcasts are better for blind people.

A. Besides B. However

C. Yet D. Sometimes

3) They try to find a solution by trial and error. __, when all of these methods fail,the person with a problem has to start analysing.

A. Furthermore B. Instead

C. otherwise D. nevertheless


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3.通顺逻辑,寻求搭配

注意固定的搭配,包括动词与介词的搭配、动词与名词的搭配以及形容词与名词的搭配等,同时要根据内容选择正确的短语。例如:

1) Here’s a fellow who just walked into a bank and helped himself_____so much money.

A. for B. by C. to D. of

解析:表示“自取,随便拿”这个意义的短语是help oneself to…故答案为C

2) Mark____ down and helped the boy pick up these articles.(2003 北京 春 50小题)

A.fell B. sat

C.lay D. knelt


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  • 3) It was 4 o’clock when the front doorbell rang. Mrs Clarke was ____tea at the time.

  • cooking B. making

  • C.burning D. serving

4)And video cameras can be used to__

people’s actions at home.

A. keep B. make C. record D. watch

句中动作的发出者是video cameras因此答案

是C,意思是“记录”。


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4.了解生活常识,确定相关知识

1)(Immediately)the officers jumped into their cars and rushed to the___ hospital.

A. animal B. biggest C. plant D. nearest

在这样的紧急情况下,人们的第一个反应是到最近的医院就医,因此答案为D。

2)The space is left to let the rail

expand(膨胀) when it gets ___.

A. wet B. cold C. hot D. dry


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5.扎实基础,理清辨异 

A

1)Soon I heard a __ like that of a door burst in

and then a climb of feet.

A. sound B. cry C. voice D. shout

选项 B,C,D 的三个词都是指从嗓子里发出的声音,

而sound则表示各种各样的声音。因此答案是A。

2).‘‘ Give me a hand,’’ he shouted__

he got near the boat.

A. while B. till C. for D. as

D

while强调一段时间内进行的动作,从句动词为延续性动词

till表示的是动作持续到某时或到某时才开始;

for表示的是动作持续了一段时间 ,即:接时间段

as连接的是一个与谓语动作几乎同时发生的动词。表 “一边…一边…”


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6.利用语法知识选出正确选项

1)When Ed first phoned and ___

we play, I laughed quietly,figuring

on an easy victory.(NMET2003 , 37题)

A.declared B. mentioned

C.persuaded D. suggested


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2). I realized that____ I had done that, I would have lost a new friend and missed all the fun we would have together.(2003 北京 春季 53题)

A.before B.if

C. while D. as

3). As my father,____worked three jobs,once told me, …(2003 北京 54题)

A.he B. that C. who D.whoever


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完形填空解题技巧小结:

1.看清上下文,找准定位词

2.寻求上下逻辑,从容确定关系

3.通顺逻辑,寻求搭配

4.扎实基础,理清辨异

5.了解生活常识,确定相关知识

6.利用语法知识选出正确选项


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一显身手


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1) The world's population is becoming __7__. A. faster and faster B. more and more C. larger and larger D. more terrible

2) The city (Washington) was named __13__ George Washington, the first president of the United States. A. by B. for C. as D. after

C

D


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3) I climbed the stairs slowly, carrying a big suitcase,my father

following with two more.By the time I got to the third floor ,I was___ and at the same time feeling lonely.( NMET2000 第26小题)

A helpless B lazy

C anxious D tired


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4). My main responsibility(职责) were clearing tables and washing dishes,____sometimes I helped cook.(2003 北京 第40题)

A. or B. so

C. but D. even


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5) The strange thing was that practically all the students went to class, and very few people stayed up late at night. Only the new people stayed up or ___ class. (NMET2000春)

A. attended B. took

C. missed D. studied

文章中or连接的是并列成分,所以空格中的内容应与上文went to class 构成相反的意义,该题属于反义词复现现象。


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6) The native people said they knew of this creature and called it the “Yeti”, and they said that they had 39 caught Yetis on two occasions 40 none has ever been produced. (NMET 2001)

39. A. even B. hardly C. certainly D. probably

40. A. as B. though C. when D. until

39空前的两个分句存在着递进的关系, 而该句又和后面的分句存在转折关系,据此可以判断答案。


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回眸真题


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(一)NMET(1)2005] (when I was waiting for my food in a familiar restaurant) The man had a news paper 38in front of him ,which he was 39 to read , but I could Seethat he was keeping an eye on me .When the waiter brought my 40the man was clearly puzzled by the 41 way in which the waiter and I 42 each other .

38.A.flat B. open C. cut D. fixed

39. A. hoping B. thinking

C. pretending D. continuing

40. A. menu B. bill C. paper D. food

41. A. direct B. familiar C. strange D. funny

42. A. Chatted with B. looked at

C. laughed at D. talk about


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(二)A friend of mine taking an advanced

psychology ( 心理学 ) course spends every Saturday working with mentally 46 children, which , though a little tiring, she found valuable. Her 47 are spent playing with the kids and 48 their sometimes uncontrolled

behavior. Then in theafternoon she writes a

49 on her observations ( 观察 ).

46. A. harmed  B. hurt   C. disabled  D. excited

47. A. holidays  B. mornings  

C. weekends   D. experiments

48. A. helping  B. preventing C. enjoying  D. studying

49. A. story   B. diary        C. report    D. note


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应试口诀:

文章首句要重视,全篇理解有启示。

记叙体裁为主体,通读全文明意旨。

填空多是实意词,四个选项巧设计,

词类范畴必同一。确定最佳靠逻辑,

字里行间找信息。个别填空借常识,

相近词义细辨析,习惯用法靠记忆,

复读反思再核实。


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信息常识,上下呼应,搭配遣词,逻辑贯通

文中无闲句,句中无闲字


Welcome

Enjoy English, Enjoy life!


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