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Slide Presentations for ECE 329, Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields, to supplement “Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics, Sixth Edition”. by Nannapaneni Narayana Rao Edward C. Jordan Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

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Slide Presentations for ECE 329,Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields,to supplement “Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics, Sixth Edition”

by

Nannapaneni Narayana Rao

Edward C. Jordan Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, USA

Distinguished Amrita Professor of Engineering

Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India


  • 1.6

  • The Magnetic Field


  • The Magnetic Field

  • acts to exert force on charge when it is in motion.

  • B = Magnetic flux density vector

  • Alternatively, since charge in motion constitutes current, magnetic field exerts forces on current elements.


  • Units of B:

  • Sources:Currents;

  • Time-varying electric field


  • Ampère’s Law of Force


  • Magnetic field due to a current element

  • (Biot-Savart Law)

a

B circular to the axis of the current element


  • Ex.


  • Current Distributions

  • Filamentary Current

  • I (A)

  • (b)Surface Current

  • Surface current density, JS (A/m)


  • (c)Volume Current

  • Density, J (A/m2)


P(r, f, z)

a2

a

a1

  • P1.44


  • For infinitely long wire,


  • Magnetic Field Due to an Infinite Plane Sheet of Uniform Surface Current Density

  • This can be found by dividing the sheet into infinitely long strips parallel to the current density and using superposition, as in the case of finding the electric field due to an infinite plane sheet of uniform surface charge density. Instead of going through this procedure, let us use analogy. To do this, we first note the following:


  • Point ChargeCurrent Element


rL0

  • (b)Line ChargeLine Current


rS0

  • Then,

  • (c)Sheet ChargeSheet Current


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