Gastrointestinal medications
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 14

Gastrointestinal Medications PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 75 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Gastrointestinal Medications. Antacids. Side effects: constipation, diarrhea Interfere with tetracycline absorption OTC meds Ex. Maalox, Mylanta (aluminum hydroxide) Milk of Magnesia (MOM) magnesium hydroxide Magnesium trisulcate ( Gelusil ). H2 Antagonists/blockers.

Download Presentation

Gastrointestinal Medications

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Gastrointestinal medications

Gastrointestinal Medications


Antacids

Antacids

  • Side effects: constipation, diarrhea

  • Interfere with tetracycline absorption

  • OTC meds

  • Ex. Maalox, Mylanta (aluminum hydroxide)

  • Milk of Magnesia (MOM) magnesium hydroxide

  • Magnesium trisulcate (Gelusil)


H2 antagonists blockers

H2 Antagonists/blockers

  • Block gastric acid and pepsin production from stimulation by food of parietal stomach lining cells. These meds block H2 receptors in parietal cells so no acid produced

  • Usually taken at bedtime. Interfere with ASA, ethanol, caffeine and cough meds.


Examples of h2 blockers

Examples of H2 blockers

  • Cimetidine (Tagamet)

  • Rantidine (Zantac)

  • Famotidine (Pepcid)

  • All are oral tablets, OTC in low doses, Rx in higher doses


Proton pump inhibitors new generation antacids replacing h2 blockers

Proton Pump Inhibitors (new generation antacids replacing H2 blockers)

  • Block the ATP of the proton/acid pump of the parietal cells. Active pump in lining which makes acid is stopped by blocking access to ATP

  • Used also for GERD like H2 antagonists


Ex of proton pump inhibitors

Ex. Of proton pump inhibitors

  • Esomeprazole (Nexium)

  • Lansoprazole( Prevacid)

  • Omeprazole (Prilosec)


Gastric anti inflammatory agents

Gastric Anti-inflammatory Agents

  • For Crohn’s disease/ulcerative colitis

  • Auto-immne rejection of one’s own intestinal lining disease

  • Ex. Mesalamine (Rowasa, Asacol)

  • Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine)

  • Oral or suppository or enema


Anti diahrreals

Anti-diahrreals

  • Kaopectate (attapulgite)

  • PeptoBismol (bismuth subsalicylate)

  • Lomotil (dipenoxulate with atropine)

  • Immodium (loperamide)


Laxatives

Laxatives

  • Colace (docusate) stool softener

  • Milk of Magnesia (magnesium hydroxide)

  • Fleet enema (sodium diphosphate) hypertonic salt solution therefore draws more water into poop and gives BM


Stimulant laxatives

Stimulant Laxatives

  • Increase peristalsis leading to BM

  • Dulcolax and Senokot, tablets or suppositories


Bulk forming laxatives

Bulk forming laxatives

  • Raise your fiber content in food which stimulates more peristalsis

  • Citrucel, Metamucil


Bowel cleansing evacuant laxatives

Bowel cleansing evacuant laxatives

  • Prior to colonoscopy for GI exams

  • Have high osmolar pressure i.e. suck fluids from your body’s bowels

  • No food intake for three hours prior to administration of meds, drink lots of water

  • Ex. GoLytely or NuLytely and Amitiza


Antiemetics

Antiemetics

  • For tx of nausea especially from narcotics and anesthetic use

  • Dramamine (dimendyrinate)

  • Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)

  • Atarax (hydroxyzine)

  • Antivert (meclizine)

  • Compazine

  • Phenergan (promethazine)

  • Tigan (trimethobenzamide)


  • Login