GCSE Russian
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GCSE Russian. Verbs in the present tense. and an introduction to reflexive verbs. There are three main conjugations in Russian:. There are three main conjugations in Russian:. 1a. There are three main conjugations in Russian:. 1a. 1b. There are three main conjugations in Russian:.

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Gcse russian

GCSE Russian

Verbs in the present tense

and an introduction to reflexive verbs


Gcse russian

There are three main conjugations

in Russian:


Gcse russian

There are three main conjugations

in Russian:

1a


Gcse russian

There are three main conjugations

in Russian:

1a

1b


Gcse russian

There are three main conjugations

in Russian:

1a

1b

2


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When you know 1a . . .

. . . the other conjugations

are easy.


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E.g. читать(to read)

Remove –ть to form the stem of the verb.


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читатьto read

я читаюI read

ты читаешьyou read

он читаетhe reads

мы читаемwe read

вы читаетеyou read

они читаютthey read


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читатьto read

я читаюI

ты читаешьyou

он читаетhe

мы читаемwe

вы читаетеyou

они читаютthey

Some other 1a verbs:

думать - to think

работать - to work

отдыхать- to relax

собирать- to collect

плавать - to swim

Change the endings of these verbs as necessary:

Then translate what you have written

Я работать на заводе в центре города.

Мы собирать газеты.

Они плавать по субботам.

Иван думать, что Москва – хороший город.

Вы отдыхать в клубе?


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читатьto read

я читаюI

ты читаешьyou

он читаетhe

мы читаемwe

вы читаетеyou

они читаютthey

Some other 1a verbs:

думать - to think

работать - to work

отдыхать- to relax

собирать- to collect

плавать - to swim

Translate these sentences into Russian:

I work in the park.

She collects badges.

They swim in a pool.

Ivan and Natasha think Sheffield is a modern city.

We relax in the theatre in London.


Gcse russian

читатьto read

я читаI

ты читаyou

он читаhe

мы читаwe

вы читаyou

они читаthey

ете

ешь

ют

ю

ет

ем


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Conjugation 1b is similar to 1a

. . . just the little matter

of the stem.


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  • E.g. мыть(to wash)

  • You need to know the stem of the verb, then you can put the endings on.

  • The stem is given in the dictionary, after the infinitive.

  • Have a look in a dictionary now.


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  • E.g. мыть(to wash)

  • What isthe stem?

я моюI

ты моешьyou

он моетhe

мы моемwe

вы моетеyou

они моютthey


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Using a dictionary, complete this chart


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Write out the conjugation of рисовать

я I

ты you

он he

мы we

вы you

они they


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What have you learned up to now?


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There are two more interesting facts about conjugation 1b.


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We saw earlier that 1a and 1b verbs have the same endings:

-ю, -ешь, -ет, -ем, -ете, -ют


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We saw earlier that 1a and 1b verbs have the same endings:

-ю, -ешь, -ет, -ем, -ете, -ют

But if the stem ends in a consonant, the endings are slightly different:

-у, -ешь, -ет, -ем, -ете, -ут

я встанумы встанем

ты встанешьвы встанете

он встанетони встанут


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And the other interesting fact about conjugation 1b?


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If the stress of the verb happens to be on the end, look what happens:


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If the stress of the verb happens to be on the end, look what happens:

-ю, -ёшь, -ёт, -ём, -ёте, -ют

-у, -ёшь, -ёт, -ём, -ёте, -ут


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What have you learned up to now about:

1a verbs?

formation?

endings?

1b verbs?

stem?

vowel stem endings?

consonant stem endings?

When does ё appear?


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Conjugation 2

has two very interesting

features . . .

. . . but first, the basics:


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tsty

For conjugation 2, remove the last three letters of

the infinitive, e.g. звонить (to phone)

я звонюмы звоним

ты звонишьвы звоните

он звонитони звонят


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tsty

Now try to put the endings in the correct place:

я звон __ мы звон__

ты звон__вы звон__

он звон__они звон__

ишьят юитеитим


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  • But that’s not all!

  • For conjugation 2 you also need to know about:

  • The в, м, ф, п, б rule

  • and

  • Consonant mutation


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  • The в, м, ф, п, б rule

When the stem of the verb ends in one of the above letters, the first person singular has an л in it.

E.g. любить

я люблю мы любим

ты любишьвы любите

он любитони любят


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  • Consonant mutation

  • When the stem of a conjugation 2 verb ends in

  • certain letters, mutation takes place as follows:

E.g.

ходить

я хожумы ходим

ты ходишьвы ходите

он ходитьони ходят


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An introduction to reflexive verbs

There are reflexive verbs

in each conjugation.

The infinitive has the ending –ся

E.g. умываться.

See the example

on the next slide.


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умываться – to get washed

я умываюсьмы умываемся

ты умываешьсявы умываетесь

он умываетсясяониумываются

Use the ending -сь after a vowel.

Use the ending -ся after a consonant

or a soft sign.


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