GCSE Russian
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GCSE Russian. Verbs in the present tense. and an introduction to reflexive verbs. There are three main conjugations in Russian:. There are three main conjugations in Russian:. 1a. There are three main conjugations in Russian:. 1a. 1b. There are three main conjugations in Russian:.

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GCSE Russian

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GCSE Russian

Verbs in the present tense

and an introduction to reflexive verbs


There are three main conjugations

in Russian:


There are three main conjugations

in Russian:

1a


There are three main conjugations

in Russian:

1a

1b


There are three main conjugations

in Russian:

1a

1b

2


When you know 1a . . .

. . . the other conjugations

are easy.


E.g. читать(to read)

Remove –ть to form the stem of the verb.


читатьto read

я читаюI read

ты читаешьyou read

он читаетhe reads

мы читаемwe read

вы читаетеyou read

они читаютthey read


читатьto read

я читаюI

ты читаешьyou

он читаетhe

мы читаемwe

вы читаетеyou

они читаютthey

Some other 1a verbs:

думать - to think

работать - to work

отдыхать- to relax

собирать- to collect

плавать - to swim

Change the endings of these verbs as necessary:

Then translate what you have written

Я работать на заводе в центре города.

Мы собирать газеты.

Они плавать по субботам.

Иван думать, что Москва – хороший город.

Вы отдыхать в клубе?


читатьto read

я читаюI

ты читаешьyou

он читаетhe

мы читаемwe

вы читаетеyou

они читаютthey

Some other 1a verbs:

думать - to think

работать - to work

отдыхать- to relax

собирать- to collect

плавать - to swim

Translate these sentences into Russian:

I work in the park.

She collects badges.

They swim in a pool.

Ivan and Natasha think Sheffield is a modern city.

We relax in the theatre in London.


читатьto read

я читаI

ты читаyou

он читаhe

мы читаwe

вы читаyou

они читаthey

ете

ешь

ют

ю

ет

ем


Conjugation 1b is similar to 1a

. . . just the little matter

of the stem.


  • E.g. мыть(to wash)

  • You need to know the stem of the verb, then you can put the endings on.

  • The stem is given in the dictionary, after the infinitive.

  • Have a look in a dictionary now.


  • E.g. мыть(to wash)

  • What isthe stem?

я моюI

ты моешьyou

он моетhe

мы моемwe

вы моетеyou

они моютthey


Using a dictionary, complete this chart


Write out the conjugation of рисовать

я I

ты you

он he

мы we

вы you

они they


What have you learned up to now?


There are two more interesting facts about conjugation 1b.


We saw earlier that 1a and 1b verbs have the same endings:

-ю, -ешь, -ет, -ем, -ете, -ют


We saw earlier that 1a and 1b verbs have the same endings:

-ю, -ешь, -ет, -ем, -ете, -ют

But if the stem ends in a consonant, the endings are slightly different:

-у, -ешь, -ет, -ем, -ете, -ут

я встанумы встанем

ты встанешьвы встанете

он встанетони встанут


And the other interesting fact about conjugation 1b?


If the stress of the verb happens to be on the end, look what happens:


If the stress of the verb happens to be on the end, look what happens:

-ю, -ёшь, -ёт, -ём, -ёте, -ют

-у, -ёшь, -ёт, -ём, -ёте, -ут


What have you learned up to now about:

1a verbs?

formation?

endings?

1b verbs?

stem?

vowel stem endings?

consonant stem endings?

When does ё appear?


Conjugation 2

has two very interesting

features . . .

. . . but first, the basics:


tsty

For conjugation 2, remove the last three letters of

the infinitive, e.g. звонить (to phone)

я звонюмы звоним

ты звонишьвы звоните

он звонитони звонят


tsty

Now try to put the endings in the correct place:

я звон __ мы звон__

ты звон__вы звон__

он звон__они звон__

ишьят юитеитим


  • But that’s not all!

  • For conjugation 2 you also need to know about:

  • The в, м, ф, п, б rule

  • and

  • Consonant mutation


  • The в, м, ф, п, б rule

When the stem of the verb ends in one of the above letters, the first person singular has an л in it.

E.g. любить

я люблю мы любим

ты любишьвы любите

он любитони любят


  • Consonant mutation

  • When the stem of a conjugation 2 verb ends in

  • certain letters, mutation takes place as follows:

E.g.

ходить

я хожумы ходим

ты ходишьвы ходите

он ходитьони ходят


An introduction to reflexive verbs

There are reflexive verbs

in each conjugation.

The infinitive has the ending –ся

E.g. умываться.

See the example

on the next slide.


умываться – to get washed

я умываюсьмы умываемся

ты умываешьсявы умываетесь

он умываетсясяониумываются

Use the ending -сь after a vowel.

Use the ending -ся after a consonant

or a soft sign.


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