GROWTH OF ROYAL POWER IN ENGLAND & FRANCE. BY: TA’VIA CREWS. Monarchs, Nobles and the Church. Feudal monarchs in Europe stood at the head of society, but had limited power.
GROWTH OF ROYAL POWER IN ENGLAND & FRANCE
BY: TA’VIA CREWS
In 987, these feudal nobles elected Hugh Capet,, the court of Paris, to fill the vacant throne.
Hugh and his heirs slowly increased royal power.
During the struggle with the pope, Phillip rallied French support by settling up the Estates General in 1302.
The High Middle Ages
Ta'via, Brandi, Alaina, Erin & Gianna
Fredrick Barbossa also called “Red Beard”.
Barbossa fought for years to build the empire of Baltic to Adriatic.
But was defeated by the pope in Lombard League.
He did succeed in marring his son Henry to Constance, heiress to Sicily and Southern Italy.
Frederick II child of Henry and Constance.
Was an arrogant leader willing to use any means to achieve his ends.
Pope innocent III took office in 1198.
Innocent clashed with all of the other powerful rulers.
He excommunicated France when Phillip II tried to unlawfully annul his marriage.
In 1209 Innocent and Phillip II launched a brutal crusade against the Albigensians.
The World in 1050
During Europe’s Middle Ages, Islam had given rise to a brilliant new civilization that stretched from Spain to India. Although India was politically divided, it was a land of thriving cities. Hindu and Buddhist traditions flourished, and wealthy prices built stunning temples and palaces. Indian mathematicians invented a number system, which Arabs adapted and eventually passed to Europeans. China had a strong central government. Under the Tang and Song dynasties, Chinas culture flourished and influenced neighboring peoples. The Chinese made amazing advances in technology, inventing paper, printing, and gun powder. Merchants traded goods, especially gold, across the Sahara to North America and Middle East. Across the Atlantic, in the Americas the Mayas had cleared rain forests and built cities. In Peru, Native Americans were building empires and creating great works of art, like pottery, textiles and jewelry. Closer to Western Europe, the Byzantine Empire was generally prosperous and united.
Effects of the Crusades on Europe
Increased Power for Monarchs
The Reconquista in Spain
Ferdinand and Isabella
Chapter 9, Section. 4
Learning, Literature, and Arts Expert