Chapter 10 alkanes and aromatic hydrocarbons
Download
1 / 17

Chapter 10 Alkanes and Aromatic Hydrocarbons - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 109 Views
  • Updated On :

Chapter 10 Alkanes and Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Cycloalkanes Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Cycloalkanes. Cyclopropane CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 Cyclobutane CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2. More Cycloalkanes. Cyclopentane CH 2 CH 2 CH 2

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 10 Alkanes and Aromatic Hydrocarbons' - lindsey


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Chapter 10 alkanes and aromatic hydrocarbons
Chapter 10Alkanes and Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Cycloalkanes

Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Timberlake LecturePLUS 1999


Cycloalkanes
Cycloalkanes

Cyclopropane CH2

CH2 CH2

Cyclobutane CH2 CH2

CH2 CH2

Timberlake LecturePLUS 1999


More cycloalkanes
More Cycloalkanes

Cyclopentane CH2

CH2 CH2

CH2 CH2

Cyclohexane

CH2

CH2 CH2

CH2 CH2

CH2

Timberlake LecturePLUS 1999


Naming cycloalkanes with side groups
Naming Cycloalkanes with Side Groups

Number of Naming

side groups

One Side group name goes in front of the cycloalkane name.

Two Number the ring in the direction that gives the lowest numbers to the side groups.

Timberlake LecturePLUS 1999


Cycloalkanes with side groups
Cycloalkanes with Side Groups

Timberlake LecturePLUS 1999


Learning check alk8
Learning Check Alk8

Timberlake LecturePLUS 1999


Solution alk8
Solution Alk8

Timberlake LecturePLUS 1999


Aromatic compounds and benzene
Aromatic Compounds and Benzene

Aromatic compounds contain benzene.

Benzene, C6H6 , is represented as a six carbon ring with 3 double bonds.

Two possible can be drawn to show benzene in this form.

Timberlake LecturePLUS 1999


Benzene structure
Benzene Structure

The structures for benzene can also be written as a single structure where the alternating double bonds are written as a circle within the ring.

Benzene

structure

Timberlake LecturePLUS 1999


Aromatic compounds in nature and health
Aromatic Compounds in Nature and Health

Many aromatic compounds are common in nature and in medicine.

Timberlake LecturePLUS 1999


Naming aromatic compounds
Naming Aromatic Compounds

Aromatic compounds are named with benzene as the parent chain. One side group is named in front of the name benzene.

methylbenzene chlorobenzene

(toluene)

Timberlake LecturePLUS 1999


Naming aromatic compounds1
Naming Aromatic Compounds

When two groups are attached to benzene, the ring is numbered to give the lower numbers to the side groups. The prefixes ortho (1,2), meta (1,3-) and para (1,4-) arealso used.

Timberlake LecturePLUS 1999


Some common names
Some Common Names

Some substituted benzene rings also use a common name. Then naming with additional more side groups uses the ortho-, meta-, para- system.

Timberlake LecturePLUS 1999


Learning check alk9
Learning Check Alk9

Select the names for each structure:

1. Chlorocyclohexane

2. Chlorobenzene

3. 1-chlorobenzene

1. Meta-methyltoluene

2. Meta-dimethylbenzene

3. 1,3-dimethylbenzene

Timberlake LecturePLUS 1999


Solution alk9
Solution Alk9

Select the names for each structure:

2. Chlorobenzene

1. Meta-methyltoluene

2. Meta-dimethylbenzene

3. 1,3-dimethylbenzene

Timberlake LecturePLUS 1999


Learning check alk10
Learning Check Alk10

Write the structural formulas for each of the following:

A. 1,3-dichlorobenzene

B. Ortho-chlorotoluene

Timberlake LecturePLUS 1999


Solution alk10
Solution Alk10

Write the structural formulas for each of the following:

A. 1,3-dichlorobenzene

B. Ortho-chlorotoluene

Timberlake LecturePLUS 1999


ad