Multinational Planning Augmentation Team
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Multinational Planning Augmentation Team (MPAT TE-1) Staff Planning Workshop MNF / CTF Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Operations Overview. What is Multinational Planning Augmentation Team (MPAT) ?.

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What is multinational planning augmentation team mpat

Multinational Planning Augmentation Team (MPAT TE-1)Staff Planning WorkshopMNF / CTF Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Operations Overview


What is multinational planning augmentation team mpat

What is Multinational Planning Augmentation Team (MPAT) ?

A cadre of military planners from nations in the Asia-Pacific region capable of rapidly augmenting a multinational force (MNF) headquarters established to plan and execute coalition operations in response to small scale contingencies (SSC).


Ctf forming multinational planning augmentation team mpat

CTF FormingMultinational Planning Augmentation Team (MPAT)

Civil Affairs,SJA,

Medical, Engineer

Etc.

MPAT

Personnel/J1

Intel/J2

Ops/J3

Log/J4

Plans/J5

Comms/J6

MNF/CTF Operational Headquarters Staff Organization

CTF


Mpat te 1 workshop methodology

13 Nov

14 Nov

15 Nov

16 Nov

17 Nov

MPAT TE-1 Workshop Methodology

Improving MNF Staff Planner Effectiveness

Product:

Commander’s Estimate

Initiation: Warning Order

Scenario BRF

ACADEMICS

ACADEMICS

ACADEMICS

ACADEMICS

ACADEMICS

Prep COA

Decision

Brief

COA

DEVELOP-

MENT

COA

ANALYSIS

& COA

COMPARISON

COA

ANALYSIS

MISSION

ANALYSIS

COA Decision

Brief

AAR

MSN ANAL

BRIEF

ACADEMICS

Initial

COA BRIEF

Staff Cell

Briefs


Purpose

I

Terminology

II

The Players

III

US Organizations

IV

NGOs/IO

V

Measures of Effeciveness

VI

Transition to a Non Military Effort

VII

COA Development

Purpose

Broad introduction to the key elements of humanitarian assistance operations

UN

DOS/EMB

OFDA/DART

NGOs

Military


Us fha dr doctrine terminology

US FHA/DR DOCTRINE TERMINOLOGY

  • Foreign Humanitarian Assistance (FHA): Operations conducted to relieve or reduce the results of natural or manmade disasters or other endemic conditions such as human suffering, disease, or privation that might present a serious threat to life or that can result in great damage to or loss of property.

  • Conducted outside US

    • Limited in scope and duration

    • Assistance provided to supplement or compliment the efforts of the Host Nation (HN)

  • Disaster Relief (DR): A Subset of Humanitarian Assistance Joint Pub 3-07.6 (Draft)


What is multinational planning augmentation team mpat

Joint Pub 1-02

More Terminology

Multinational Operations: A collective term to describe military actions conducted by forces of two or more nations, typically organized within the structure of a coalition or alliance.

Combined Operation: An operation conducted by forces of two or more allied nations acting together for the accomplishment of a single mission.

Coalition: an ad hoc arrangement between two or more nations for common action... usually for a single action or longer cooperation in a narrow sector of common interest. Examples: Desert Storm, Somalia

Joint Pub 1-02


Perspectives on multinational operations

Perspectives on Multinational Operations

“Allies are the most aggravating of people. They are so difficult to understand, so unreasonable; they approach quite straightforward problems from such extraordinary angles. Even when one agrees with them on common objectives their methods towards obtaining them are so queer, so very queer. They even introduce consideration of their own national politics and hangovers from their past history, none of which have the faintest bearing on the matter of immediate issue. Their most annoying characteristic, however, is that among all the arguing and haggling is the astonishing way they seem quite incapable of recognizing how sound, how wise, how experienced are our views; how fair, indeed how generous, how big hearted we are..”

Field Marshall William Slim


Humanitarian assistance operations

Humanitarian Assistance Operations

  • Provide Comfort - Turkey/N. Iraq (HA)

  • Sea Angel I & II - Bangladesh (HA)

  • Fiery Vigil - Philippines (HA)

  • Guantanamo/Panama-- Haitian Refugees (HA)

  • Provide Hope - Former Soviet Union (HA)

  • Provide Relief - Kenya/Somalia (HA)

  • Restore Hope - Somalia (HA)

  • Provide Promise - Former Yugoslavia (HA)

  • Pacific Haven - Guam (HA)

  • East Timor (PO / HA)


Types of fha operations

UN

MULTI-

NATIONAL

TYPES OF FHA OPERATIONS

COMPLEXITY

Unilateral

TYPES OF OPERATIONS


Players

PLAYERS

NGO’s/PVO’s

Non-Governmental/

Private Volunteer Orgs

UNITED

NATIONS

HOST-NATION

GOVERNMENT

MNF /

CTF

IOs

OFDA

INTERNATIONAL ORGs

(INT’L RED CROSS)

OFFICE OF FOREIGN DISASTER

ASSISTANCE SUPPORT

EMBASSIES


Ambassadors chiefs of mission

Ambassadors/Chiefs of Mission

Responsible for Overall Direction, Coordination, and Supervision of Supporting Government Activities in the Host Country

Responsible for Successful Completion of the HA/DR and Safety of their Government’s Citizens and DFNs

For the US: State Department = Lead Federal Agency


Ambassadors chief of missions

Ambassadors/Chief of Missions

The Ambassador Is Not in the Military Chain of Command but a US JTF/CTF Commander Will Fully Support the Ambassador’s Plans and Cooperate With Lead Federal Agency / DOS and Embassy Personnel, Without Compromising Mission Requirements

Pg I-6 and II-3, JP 3-07.5


What is multinational planning augmentation team mpat

  • “The military is enamored with timelines, no-later-than dates, and ultimatums. We on the other hand spend endless hours waiting and toiling for the slightest glimmer of hope in a situation unencumbered by deadlines and concrete results. Clearly, there are two diametrically opposed philosophies.”

USLO Mogadishu, Somalia


Mnf ctf commander

MNF / CTF COMMANDER

  • Responsible for all phases of the military operation

  • Provides military assistance to Governmental and Non-governmental agencies as directed by CTF establishing authority.

  • Establishes Liaison teams

  • Orchestrates the transition of responsibilities to other agencies


Us unilateral ha dr operation simplified c2

US Unilateral HA / DR Operation:SIMPLIFIED C2

PRESIDENT

SECDEF

SECSTATE

Humanitarian

& Ref. Affairs

USAID

AMB /

COUNTRY TM

CINC

OFDA/DART

HACC/JLOC

JTF

HOC

NGOs

PVOs

IOs

CMOC


Civil military operations center cmoc

Civil Military Operations Center (CMOC)

  • “In Somalia, a daily meeting was held where the NGOs were briefed on the current situation from all military participants. A review of ongoing humanitarian actions was briefed by NGOs and security requests were processed by the assisting units. In addition, the CMOC served as the venue for UN humanitarian programs to operate from.”


Civil military operations center cmoc1

CIVIL MILITARY OPERATIONS CENTER (CMOC)

CMOC

DIRECTOR

OPERATIONS

SECTION

ADMIN/

SUPPORT

SECTION

NON-MILITARY

REPRESENTATIVES


What is multinational planning augmentation team mpat

InterAction

CARE

Doctors of

the World

Red Cross

Save the

Children

ICRC

NGOs &

PVOs

Intl Rescue

Committee

CMOC

OFDA / DART

USG

Agencies

Children’s

Fund

UN

Country Team

World Food

Programme

Dept of

Peacekeeping

Operations

High

Commissioner

for Refugees


Measures of effectiveness

APPROPRIATE

MEASURES OF EFFECTIVENESS

MISSION-

RELATED

MEASURABLE

SENSITIVE

REASONABLE

IN NUMBER

USEFUL


Transition and or termination

TRANSITION

TRANSITION AND / OR TERMINATION

  • FUNCTIONS AND RESPONSIBILITIES

  • TRANSITION CRITERIA

  • FISCAL GUIDANCE

  • TRANSITION PLAN


Operational environment

OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

UNCERTAIN

PERMISSIVE

MNF/

CTF

HOSTILE


Principles of military operations other than war

PRINCIPLES OF MILITARY OPERATIONS OTHER THAN WAR

UNITY OF EFFORT

OBJECTIVE

SECURITY

PERSEVERANCE

LEGITIMACY

RESTRAINT


Coa development steps ha dr

COA DEVELOPMENT STEPS--HA / DR

1. Coordinate with Host Nation, UN, IO

NGO/PVOs, Lead Government

Agencies, etc.

2. Determine threat / operational

environment(s)

3. Analyze force capabilities

4. Array force capabilities (HA, security,

medical, transportation, etc.)

5. Develop scheme of maneuver

6. Determine C2 means and maneuver control measures

7. Prepare COA statement and sketch

8. Prepare staff estimates


Ha dr lessons learned

HA / DR Lessons Learned

  • Symbology- Depiction of non-military operations

  • What is the role of traditional Intel in support of HA/DR

  • Information Management process

  • Map Doctrine And Fratricide

  • BDA- How to quantify in a disaster?

  • Understanding PSYOP And CA

  • Non-lethal Weapons- ROE?

  • Force Protection- Right level?

  • Field Sanitation- Lost Art?


Lessons learned cont d

Lessons Learned (Cont’d)

  • Each operation differs- No universal doctrine & SOPs

  • Plan inclusively- include non-military players

  • Know the players and their relevance to the mission

  • Use the media: Objectives; scope of assistance; exit strategy

  • Don’t underestimate people’s coping skills


Thank you for your attention

Thank you for your attention


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