Harlem renaissance
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Harlem Renaissance. Harlem Renaissance. 1920s and 30s Based primarily in Harlem A flowering of African American art, literature, and music. Characteristics. Created a consciousness about what it meant to be a black American Sought to break down racial stereotypes

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Harlem Renaissance

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Harlem renaissance

Harlem Renaissance


Harlem renaissance1

Harlem Renaissance

  • 1920s and 30s

  • Based primarily in Harlem

  • A flowering of African American art, literature, and music


Characteristics

Characteristics

  • Created a consciousness about what it meant to be a black American

  • Sought to break down racial stereotypes

  • Emphasized and celebrated the creative ability of black Americans


Harlem renaissance

William JohnsonJesus and 3 Marys

William JohnsonSelf Portrait with Bandana


Harlem renaissance

William H. JohnsonCafe


Harlem renaissance

Aaron DouglasInto Bondage1936


Harlem renaissance

Lois Mailou JonesThe Lovers

Lois Mailou JonesLes Fetiches


Harlem renaissance

Archibald Motley, Jr.Blues


Blues jazz

Blues & Jazz


Blues

African American origins

Based on “blue” notes and chords

Slightly lower pitch than major scale

Bessie SmithSt. Louis Blues

One of the best known blues songs

Rich, deep alto voice used to convey emotion

Blues


Bessie smith st louis blues

Bessie SmithSt. Louis Blues


Big band swing

Big Band & Swing

  • No microphones meant that musicians increased band size to increase sound

  • Little room for improvisation

  • Dominant American pop music in 30s and 40s


Big band

Duke EllingtonSatin Doll

Composer

Pianist

Band leader

Pulitzer prize winner

Big Band


Duke ellington satin doll

Duke EllingtonSatin Doll


Harlem renaissance

Jazz

  • Distinctly American

  • Early 20th Century

  • Improvised solos

  • Polyrhythms


Harlem renaissance

Louis ArmstrongWest End Blues

Virtuoso on the trumpet

Improvisation passes from trumpet other instruments

Scat singing

Jazz


Louis armstrong west end blues

Louis ArmstrongWest End Blues


Bebop

Different form of jazz

Faster tempos

More intricate melodies

Charlie Parker & Dizzy Gillespie KoKo

Saxophone – Charlie Parker

Trumpet – Dizzy Gillespie

Bebop


Charlie parker dizzy gillespie koko

Charlie Parker & Dizzy Gillespie KoKo


Call and response

Origins in Sub-Saharan Africa

Used in public gatherings

Cab Calloway

Jazz singer

Band leader

Actor

Call and Response


Cab calloway

Cab Calloway

Minnie the Moocher

Hi De Ho Man


Modern blues

Modern Blues


Stevie ray vaughn texas flood

Stevie Ray VaughnTexas Flood


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