Harlem renaissance
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Harlem Renaissance. Harlem Renaissance. 1920s and 30s Based primarily in Harlem A flowering of African American art, literature, and music. Characteristics. Created a consciousness about what it meant to be a black American Sought to break down racial stereotypes

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Harlem Renaissance

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Harlem Renaissance


Harlem Renaissance

  • 1920s and 30s

  • Based primarily in Harlem

  • A flowering of African American art, literature, and music


Characteristics

  • Created a consciousness about what it meant to be a black American

  • Sought to break down racial stereotypes

  • Emphasized and celebrated the creative ability of black Americans


William JohnsonJesus and 3 Marys

William JohnsonSelf Portrait with Bandana


William H. JohnsonCafe


Aaron DouglasInto Bondage1936


Lois Mailou JonesThe Lovers

Lois Mailou JonesLes Fetiches


Archibald Motley, Jr.Blues


Blues & Jazz


African American origins

Based on “blue” notes and chords

Slightly lower pitch than major scale

Bessie SmithSt. Louis Blues

One of the best known blues songs

Rich, deep alto voice used to convey emotion

Blues


Bessie SmithSt. Louis Blues


Big Band & Swing

  • No microphones meant that musicians increased band size to increase sound

  • Little room for improvisation

  • Dominant American pop music in 30s and 40s


Duke EllingtonSatin Doll

Composer

Pianist

Band leader

Pulitzer prize winner

Big Band


Duke EllingtonSatin Doll


Jazz

  • Distinctly American

  • Early 20th Century

  • Improvised solos

  • Polyrhythms


Louis ArmstrongWest End Blues

Virtuoso on the trumpet

Improvisation passes from trumpet other instruments

Scat singing

Jazz


Louis ArmstrongWest End Blues


Different form of jazz

Faster tempos

More intricate melodies

Charlie Parker & Dizzy Gillespie KoKo

Saxophone – Charlie Parker

Trumpet – Dizzy Gillespie

Bebop


Charlie Parker & Dizzy Gillespie KoKo


Origins in Sub-Saharan Africa

Used in public gatherings

Cab Calloway

Jazz singer

Band leader

Actor

Call and Response


Cab Calloway

Minnie the Moocher

Hi De Ho Man


Modern Blues


Stevie Ray VaughnTexas Flood


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