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.:*Animal Behavior*:.

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.:Animal Behavior:. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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.:*Animal Behavior*:. By: Michaela. .:*Why do Animals Behave as they do?*:. Behavior- consists of all the actions an animal performs Stimulus- a signal that causes an organism to react in some way Response- the reaction of the organism to stimulus. .:*Types of Behavior*:.

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why do animals behave as they do
.:*Why do Animals Behave as they do?*:.
  • Behavior- consists of all the actions an animal performs
  • Stimulus- a signal that causes an organism to react in some way
  • Response- the reaction of the organism to stimulus
types of behavior
.:*Types of Behavior*:.
  • Inherited Behaviors- passed down through genetics.
  • Innate Behavior- All inherited behaviors of an animal
  • Instinct- an inborn behavior pattern that the animal performs correctly the first time.
    • Instincts do not need to be learned
  • Learning- process that leads to change in behavior as a result of practice or experience.
  • Conditioned- learning associates or connects a stimulus with a good or bad event.
types of behavior continued
.:*Types of Behavior Continued*:.
  • Trial & Error- learning occurs through repeated practice.
    • Example. Learning to ride a bike!
  • Insight- learning occurs when a problem is solved in the mind without trial and error.
  • Imprinting- involves both instinct & learning and occurs when newborn animals learns to follow the first object it sees.
    • We discussed what if a baby chic saw a red ball rolling down the hill as the first thing it saw. The baby chic would think it’s a red ball rolling down the hill!
patterns of behavior
.:*Patterns of Behavior*:.
  • Aggression used to compete for limited resources. Ex. Food and Shelter
  • Territories- established to exclude competing members of the same species.
patterns of behavior continued
.:*Patterns of Behavior Continued*:.
  • Courtship- ensures males and females of the same species, they recognize one another and then mate.
  • Cooperation- as a group can have survival advantage in protection, getting food etc.
  • Society- a group of closely related animals of the same working together for the benefit of the whole group.
patterns of behavior continued1
.:*Patterns of Behavior Continued*:.
  • Imprinting- involves both instinct & learning and occurs when newborn animals learns to follow the first object it sees.
    • We discussed what if a baby chic saw a red ball rolling down the hill as the first thing it saw. The baby chic would think it’s a red ball rolling down the hill!
answer
.:*Answer*:.
  • The dog was showing a Conditioned Behavior. That is how the behavior is learned.
communication
.:*Communication*:.
  • Communication- many different methods of animal communication.
    • Chemicals (pheromones)
    • Sounds
    • Body Posture
    • “The Bee Wiggle Dance: communicates the direction and distance to a food source for bees.
  • The way animals communicate between themselves is different depending on the animal.
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