Animal behavior
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.:*Animal Behavior*:. PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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.:*Animal Behavior*:. By: Michaela. .:*Why do Animals Behave as they do?*:. Behavior- consists of all the actions an animal performs Stimulus- a signal that causes an organism to react in some way Response- the reaction of the organism to stimulus. .:*Types of Behavior*:.

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.:*Animal Behavior*:.

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Animal behavior

.:*Animal Behavior*:.

By: Michaela


Why do animals behave as they do

.:*Why do Animals Behave as they do?*:.

  • Behavior- consists of all the actions an animal performs

  • Stimulus- a signal that causes an organism to react in some way

  • Response- the reaction of the organism to stimulus


Types of behavior

.:*Types of Behavior*:.

  • Inherited Behaviors- passed down through genetics.

  • Innate Behavior- All inherited behaviors of an animal

  • Instinct- an inborn behavior pattern that the animal performs correctly the first time.

    • Instincts do not need to be learned

  • Learning- process that leads to change in behavior as a result of practice or experience.

  • Conditioned- learning associates or connects a stimulus with a good or bad event.


Types of behavior continued

.:*Types of Behavior Continued*:.

  • Trial & Error- learning occurs through repeated practice.

    • Example. Learning to ride a bike!

  • Insight- learning occurs when a problem is solved in the mind without trial and error.

  • Imprinting- involves both instinct & learning and occurs when newborn animals learns to follow the first object it sees.

    • We discussed what if a baby chic saw a red ball rolling down the hill as the first thing it saw. The baby chic would think it’s a red ball rolling down the hill!


Patterns of behavior

.:*Patterns of Behavior*:.

  • Aggression used to compete for limited resources. Ex. Food and Shelter

  • Territories- established to exclude competing members of the same species.


Patterns of behavior continued

.:*Patterns of Behavior Continued*:.

  • Courtship- ensures males and females of the same species, they recognize one another and then mate.

  • Cooperation- as a group can have survival advantage in protection, getting food etc.

  • Society- a group of closely related animals of the same working together for the benefit of the whole group.


Patterns of behavior continued1

.:*Patterns of Behavior Continued*:.

  • Imprinting- involves both instinct & learning and occurs when newborn animals learns to follow the first object it sees.

    • We discussed what if a baby chic saw a red ball rolling down the hill as the first thing it saw. The baby chic would think it’s a red ball rolling down the hill!


What type of behavior is this

.:*What type of Behavior is this?*:.


Answer

.:*Answer*:.

  • The dog was showing a Conditioned Behavior. That is how the behavior is learned.


Communication

.:*Communication*:.

  • Communication- many different methods of animal communication.

    • Chemicals (pheromones)

    • Sounds

    • Body Posture

    • “The Bee Wiggle Dance: communicates the direction and distance to a food source for bees.

  • The way animals communicate between themselves is different depending on the animal.


The bee wiggle dance

.:*The Bee Wiggle Dance!*:.


Animal behavior

.:*The End*:.


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