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Paradigma Baru Pendidikan Tinggi Menyongsong Era Asia: Penjaminan Kualitas. Djoko Santoso Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Maret 2014. TOPIK BAHASAN. 1. PELUANG dan TANTANGAN. ....Indonesia’s economy has enormous promise...

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Paradigma Baru Pendidikan Tinggi Menyongsong Era Asia: Penjaminan Kualitas

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ParadigmaBaruPendidikanTinggiMenyongsong Era Asia:

PenjaminanKualitas

Djoko Santoso

DirektoratJenderalPendidikanTinggi

KementerianPendidikandanKebudayaan

Maret 2014


TOPIK BAHASAN


1. PELUANG dan TANTANGAN


....Indonesia’s economy has enormous promise...

.... Indonesia’s recent impressive economic performance is not widely understood ....

Need Preparation on social engineering

Need increasing in access, quality and relevance

Source: Archipelago Economy: Unleashing Indonesia’s Potential (McKinsey Global Institute, 2012)

4


WTO

I-AFTA

AEC

C - AFTA

FORA KERJASAMA GLOBAL

China-A-countries

2010

India-A-countries

2011

A-E-countries

2015

130 countries

2020


ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY 2015(Single Market and Production Base)

  • Free Flow of Goods

  • Free Flow of Services

  • Free Flow of Investment

  • Free Flow of Capital

  • Free Flow of Professionals and Skilled Labors


  • ARCHITECTURE

TOURISM

  • COMPUTER AND RELATED SERVICES

EDUCATIONSERVICES

ACCOUNTANCY

  • CONSTRUCTION AND RELATED ENGINEERING SERVICES

LEGAL SERVICES

WTO

LOGISTICS SERVICES

  • ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES

FINANCIAL SERVICES

  • ENERGY SERVICES

POSTAL AND COURIER SERVICES

  • ENGINEERING SERVICES

2018

  • MARITIME TRANSPORT

AUDIOVISUAL SERVICES

  • ROAD TRANSPORT SERVICES

DISTRIBUTION SERVICES

  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS


ROADMAP MOBILITAS BEBAS TENAGA KERJA KOMPETEN & PROFESIONAL

BIDANG PROFESI YANG TELAH MEMILIKI MRA


Bonus Demografi


Peluangbagi Indonesia

  • Sumberdayaalamyang beragam

  • Jumlahpenduduk yang produktif 2010 sd 2025 (bonus demografi)

  • Peluangmendapatkanpendidikantinggiyang semakinmembaik

  • Pemahamanpendidikantinggipendidikanuntuk orang dewasa

  • PemahamanperguruantinggisebagailembagaTridharma (Diklitabmas), modal untukpengembangandanpenerapaniptek

  • Masyarakatpenggunateknologikomunikasi

  • Mutual Recognition Agreement denganberbagaipihak

  • Masyarakat yang melekteknologiinformasi

  • Percepatanpeningkatannilaitambahdengansentuhanteknologi

  • Terbukanyaakseskeduniainternasional


Tantangan global

  • Kecepatanperkembanganiptek

  • Perkembanganarusinformasiyang takmengenalruang dan waktu

  • Kebutuhanlayanan yang professional (cepat, tepat)

  • Perkembanganbisnis yang berorientasipada“networking”

  • Mobilitas orang dan ilmupengetahuan

  • Fleksibilitasdalambertransaksi

  • Kembalinyakehidupanpadabahan yang alami

  • Adanyakecenderunganpadakeseragamankebutuhan(pangan, air, energi)


ARUS SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR

SAMPAI PERGURUAN TINGGI

TAHUN 2011/2012

Melanjutkan

1.142.835

48,41%

PT

5.616.670

Melanjutkan

1.413.223

45,31%

SMA

4.196.467

1.274.186

Melanjutkan

3.240.075

81,66%

Lulusan

3.119.322

SMP

9.425.336

Lulusan

3.360.573

SD

27.583.919

Masukan

4.342.911

Lulusan

SMK

4.019.157

4.090.219

Melanjutkan

1.493.178

47,87%

1.086.387

Putus PT

10,49%

Putus SD

0,90%

Putus SMP

1,57%

Putus SMA

1,16%

Putus SMK

3,34%

TdkLnjt SMP 18,34%

TdkLanjut SM 6,83%

TdkLanjut PT 51,59%

124.792

248.988

146.871

750.144

47.709

738.260

1.217.738

589.189

212.921

Keluaran

4.076.612

1.603.160

Tantangankitaadalahaksesdari SMP ke SMA/SMK dan SMA/SMK ke PT

Sumber: PDSP – Kemdikbud, 2013


PeringkatPerguruanTinggi Indonesia versi QS 2013

Tantangan Lain

UntukPerguruanTinggi


PeringkatPerguruanTinggi Indonesia versiWebometrics 2013

Tantangan Lain

UntukPerguruanTinggi


PERINGKAT PERGURUAN TINGGI VERSI 4ICU EDISI JANUARI 2014


Tantangan : HasilAkreditasi Program Studi

PTS

Jumlah Prodi: 4944


KONDISI ANGKATAN KERJA NASIONAL 2012MENURUT PENDIDIKAN

Sumber: Pusdatinaker, 2012


Pendidikansebagaifondasi

Kemandirianbangsa

Pendidikansebagai proses pembudayaan dan pemberdayaanbangsa

Pendidikansebagaimetodeuntukmembangunkarakterbangsa


LandasanHukumdalamMenjalankanPendidikanTinggi


Data DosenTetapBerdasarJabatanAkademik (2013)


Data DosenTetapBerdasar Tingkat PendidikanTerakhir


DATA DOSEN BERDASARKAN PENDIDIKAN


DATA DOSEN TETAP


BEASISWA


PENERIMA BPPs DALAM NEGERIJENJANG MAGISTER (S2)


PENERIMA BPPs DALAM NEGERIJENJANG DOKTOR (S3)


PENERIMA BEASISWA LUAR NEGERIJENJANG MAGISTER (S2)


PENERIMA BEASISWA LUAR NEGERIJENJANG DOKTOR (S3)


Denganprestasi dan kemampuansertatantangan yang adasaatini, siapkahkitamenghadapipersaingandi Asia?

  • JawabannyaBELUM SIAP, kecuali:

  • Membangunbudayakualitasberkelanjutandenganmengimplementasikansistempenjaminanmutuinternal dan eksternaldi pendidikantinggi;

  • Menciptakansuasanaakademikdi kampus;

  • MengimplementasikanKerangkaKualifikasiNasional Indonesia.


2. ParadigmaBarupendidikannasional


ParadigmaBaruPendidikanTinggi

  • Paradigmabarupendidikannasionalmerupakancarabaruataupolabarudalampendidikantinggi;

  • Kekurangtepatanimplementasikonseppendidikanpada masa laluperludiadakanpembaruanmasakinidanberorientasipadakemajuanmasadepan;

  • Paradigmabarupendidikantinggidiharapkanmengembangkankebhinekaan yang menujusatumasyarakat Indonesia yang bersatu, demokratis, dan arifmenujumasyarakatsejahtera, mandiri, dan berdaulat.

Dicapaimelaluipendidikantinggi yang berorientasipadabudayamandiridanberdayasaing


ParadigmaBaruPendidikanTinggi

  • Pendidikanberpusatkepadamahasiswa

  • Bergeserdaripengajarankepembelajaran

  • Berorientasilebihkepadakompetensi(capaianpembelajaranakhir) merujukke KKNI, daripadaberorientasikeisipembelajaran

  • Proses pendidikan yang bervariasisesuaidengankompetensi yang akandicapai

  • Memberikemudahanaksesterutamabagimasyarakat di daerah 3T, lemahekonomi, berkebutuhanterhadappelayanankhusus

  • Optimalisasi TIK di dalampembelajaran

  • Evaluasipendidikan/pembelajaran yang akuntabel

  • Mengedepankanpadapembangunankarakterbangsa

  • Berbudayamutu/dayasaingpadasetiaplinipendidikan (Tridarma PT)

  • Pengelolaannon akademikyang transparandanakuntabel.


DampakParadigmaBaru

Kesetaraan

dan

pengakuankualifikasi

berbasisNQF

SDM

INDONESIA

SDM

ASING

GENERAL AGRREMENT ON TRADE IN SERVICES (GATS)

ASEAN FREE TRADE AREA (AFTA)


Kecenderunganlangkah PT di ASIA (?)


3. Bermitra di kawasanasia


Modalitas Indonesia

  • Memilikilandasan yang kokohuntukPendidikantinggi(UU No 12/2012)

    • MemilikiKerangkaKualifikasiNasional (Perpres No 8/2012)

    • MenguatkanSistemPenjaminanMutu PT

    • MembangunPangkalan Data PerguruanTinggi

    • MemilikiVisidanMisiPendidikanTinggi yang jelas (3D)

    • Bersemangat, memilikimotivasiuntukmajubersama

    • Memilikiarahinternasionalisasidikti yang jelas

    • dst

  • Memilikisistempendidikan yang kokoh (UU No.20/2003)

  • MemilikiSistemPendidikanNasional yang kokoh

  • Berperandalam forum dan beberapaperumusanpendidikan di kawasan ASIA, terlebih di lingkup ASEAN


4. PENJaminankualitas


To realize the dreams of shapingIndonesian Golden Generation 2045

Indonesiaviewed education is a noble process in improving a quality of human being and not a commercial goods that can be traded.

Internationalization of education in Indonesia will be carried to support the formation of a world intellectual community with mutual understanding and solidarity among scholars in preserving world peace by facilitating the development of academic mobility and higher education collaboration, in quality assurance framework


Law no.12 – 2012 Part IIIregarding Quality Assurance SystemArticle 52

  • Quality assurance of higher education is a systemic activity to improve the quality of higher education in planned and sustainable way.

  • Quality assurance as referred to paragraph (1) through the establishment, implementation, evaluation, control, and improvement of HE Standards.

  • The Minister shall establish a quality assurance system of Higher Education and the HE Standards.

  • HEQAS as referred to in paragraph (3) is based on the HE Data warehouse.


community

NAA-HEIs

QAS

MoEC

DGHE

NSA for HE

QA

Guidelines:

(PDCA),

Kaizen

Lembaga Akreditasi Mandiri

Lembaga Akreditasi Mandiri

Independent Accrediation Board

Higher Education

Institutions

i

NSoHE

IQF

EQA

IQA

output

Higher Education Data Warehouse


Ministry of Education and Culture – Republic of Indonesia

Education Standards

Research

Standards

Community Service Standards

NSHE

Stipulated by MOEC

HES

1. Academic Standards

2. Non Academic Standards

HES

Stipulated by HEIs

Source: Standar Nasional Pendidikan Tinggi, Johannes Gunawan


Ministry of Education and Culture – Republic of Indonesia

Higher Education Standards (HES)

Article 54Act Nr. 12/2012 as to Higher Education

(4)The Higher Education Standards stipulated by Higher Education Institution consist of several standards in the academic and non‐academic fields exceedingthe National Standards of Higher Education.

HES

Exceeding NSHE

(Academic and

Non Academic Standards)

Provided by HEIs

Q

NSHE

(Minimum Standards)

Obligatory

Source: Standar Nasional Pendidikan Tinggi, Johannes Gunawan


Ministry of Education and Culture – Republic of Indonesia

HES Frame of Thought

Based on Act Nr. 12/2012 as to Higher Education

Input

Process

Output

Graduate Comptency Standards

Education

Indonesian Qualification Framework

Research & Com. Service

  • Standards:

  • Direction

  • Output

  • Outcome

Source: Standar Nasional Pendidikan Tinggi, Johannes Gunawan


Development of Qualified Human Resources

Indonesian Human Capital

Development through formal education institutions

Development through career path system in industries and other work places

QHR

Development through informal education institutions

Development through non-formal education institutions

Education, training and working experience will be developed to meet IQF leveling

Qualified Human Resources

through IQF assessment


Mega

ASEANQUALIFICATIONSREFERENCEFRAMEWORK

Indonesia

Vice Chair of Task Force of the

ASEAN Qualifications Reference Framework


Terimakasih


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