Silicibacter pomeroyi. Breaks DMSP (dimethysulfoniopropionate) down to make DMS (sulfur compound that increases sulfur supply in the atmosphere) In the atmosphere, DMS oxidizes into sulfuric acid and methanesulfuric acid
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Prochlorococcus marinus MIT 9313. Image courtesy of Claire S. Ting, Department of Biology, Williams College.<http://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php/Prochlorococcus>
Photosynthesizes to grow
Regulates population with viruses or phages
Base of food web (everything eats it)
Many throughout water column*; greatly harvests carbon dioxide and releases oxygen (about two times more carbon dioxide in atmosphere without Prochlorococcus marinus)