北京市东城区课件共享工程
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北京市东城区课件共享工程 优秀课件展播. 项目负责 : 陈鸽 北京市东城区教研中心 授课教师 : 姬翡 魏静婷 余婧 北京宏志中学. ARCHAEOLOGY. Unit 20. The King of Stonehenge. Do you know the following archaeological discoveries?. Terra-cotta warriors. Do you know the following archaeological discoveries?. Sanxingdui Ruins.

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北京市东城区课件共享工程优秀课件展播

项目负责:陈鸽 北京市东城区教研中心

授课教师: 姬翡 魏静婷 余婧

北京宏志中学


Unit 20

ARCHAEOLOGY

Unit 20

The King of Stonehenge


Do you know the following archaeological discoveries

Do you know the following archaeological discoveries?

Terra-cotta warriors


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Do you know the following archaeological discoveries?

Sanxingdui Ruins


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Do you know the following archaeological discoveries?

Mawangdui Han Dynasty Tomb


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1.Whatobjectswere kings and emperors in China buried with?

2.Whywere dead kings given these objects after they died?

Terra-Cotta Warriors


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?

Describe the kinds of objects kings and emperors in China were buried with.

weapons tools clothing money

articles for daily life jade articles silk jewellery pottery china Servants

warriors wives of emperors

animals


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To show off their power and wealth.

Why?

To continue their luxurious life in the nether(地下的) world.

To be given to him for his use in the next life.


Why were dead kings given these objects after they died

rice

clothing

silk

jewellery

money

tools

weapons

articles for daily life

jade articles

pottery

china

animals

slaves

warriors

wives of emperors

Why were dead kings given these objects after they died?


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Stonehenge


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  • Stonehenge was begun around 3000 BC. In about 2300 BC the huge stone circles were built. The biggest stones weigh approximately 20 tons and came from a place not very far.

  • It is not yet known how these stones were conveyed over a distance of 380 kilometres. It is also a mystery how early man was able to construct Stonehenge without the use of modern construction machines and lorries.


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grave

archer

King of Stonehenge


Listening para 1 5 what objects were found in the grave of the king of stonehenge

tools

two gold earrings

arrows

objects

a bone pin

a bow

Listening (Para. 1-5)

What objects were found in the grave of the King of Stonehenge?

copper knives

clay pots

a cushion stone


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Scan the text and write down which objects were found in the grave of the King of Stonehenge:

tools of a hunter or warrior

a bone pin

a leather coat

two copper knives

two gold earrings

two clay pots

tools and materials to make arrows

a bow

a dozen arrows

a cushion stone


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gold earrings

copper knives


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arrowheads

clay pot


Unit 20 archaeology

Unit 20 Archaeology

  • Read the text (Para 1-5) and answer the questions.

  • 1. How old was the man when he died?

  • 2. How do archaeologists know that he spent his youth in central Europe?

  • 3. What made the archaeologists believe that he was a man of distinction?

  • 4. Why was everything found in the grave given to him for his use in the next life?


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Read paragraph 1-3.

1.What’s the aim of this part?

To introduce the man and things that were found in the grave.

2.Where did the man spend childhood?

The tests on his teeth show that he spent his youth in central Europe, perhaps Germany.

3.Why did people give him such things?

They were probably given to him for his use in the next life.


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Read paragraph 4-6.

1.What’s the aim of this part?

To tell the reasons why the discovery is important.

2.Why is it very important?

  • His grave is the richest of any found from that…

  • He has some relationship to Stonehenge.

3.What’s the relationship between the man and Stonehenge?

He may have had a hand in planning the monument, or in helping transport and pull up the stones.


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Read paragraph 7.

1.What’s the aim of this part?

To tell the meaning of the found of the grave of the King of Stonehenge.

2.What can the archaeologists learn from the King of Stonehenge?

  • He is an example of people who brought culture and new techniques from the European mainland to Britain.

  • The skills to make copper and bronze objects is now believed to have spread through trade and cultural links.


The discovery is important for variety of reasons

The discovery is important for variety of reasons:

  • His grave is the richest.

  • This man was buried with two gold earrings which are the oldest gold ever found in Britain.

  • He was buried three miles from Stonehenge.

  • He was a member of a powerful class that may well have organised the construction of Stonehenge.

1.

2.

3.

4.


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Fill in the blanks to give examples of the trade and cultural links:

Stones to build Stonehenge

Europe

copper knives

Some remote places

artifacts


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Listening


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Bird-eye view on a rare sunny Day


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sunrise


Language points

Language Points

  • 1, On May 3, 2002, archaeologists in England found a grave of a man dating back to around 2300 BC. (Para. 1)

date (back) to 追溯到…(= date from)

e.g This church dates back to 1173.

The custom dates from the time when men wore swords.


Language points1

Language Points

  • 2, The most amazing find was two gold earrings. That would have made him a man of distinction. (Para. 2)

  • 最惊奇的发现是两个金耳环。这能显示出他是当时一位显耀的人物

find (n.)发现,发现物

e.g an important archaeological find

The little restaurant is quite a find.


Language points2

Language Points

  • 3, The discovery is important for a variety of reasons. (Para. 4)

a variety of 各种各样的,多种多样的

e.g Everyone arrived late at the party,

for a variety of reasons.

The shirt is available in a wide variety of colours.


Language points3

Language Points

  • 4, Archaeologists tend to believe that this man was a member of a powerful class that may well have organised the construction of Stonehenge. (Para. 5)

  • 考古学家倾向于认为这个人是有权阶级的一员,他们很可能就是建造这项巨石阵工程的组织者。

tend to 趋向于,有…的习惯

e.g Janet tends to get very angry if you

disagree with her.

It tends to rain a lot here in Spring.


Inversion

Inversion(倒装句)

  • Buried with him were the tools of a

    hunter or warrior.

  • Only a few centimeters from his head were two pots made of clay, ……

  • Next to them lay a cushion stone, upon which the man could work metal.

→The tools of a hunter of warrior were

buried with him.


True or false

True or False

  • On March 3, 2002, archaeologists in England found a grave of a man dating back to around 3000 BC.

  • People got to know where the man was from by testing his bones.

  • From what were found in the grave people had a clear idea of the dressing of the King of Stonehenge when he was buried.

  • All the relics found in the grave of the King of Stonehenge were buried with him for his future use in the next life because of the belief that a dead man would come back to life.


True or false1

True or False

  • The discovery of the King of Stonehenge was far from important.

  • The two earrings are not only the oldest gold ever found in England, but also a proof that the ancient British were clever enough to make gold even in around 2500 BC.

  • Because of his power and his successful organization of the construction of Stonehenge, the man got his title as the King of Stonehenge.


Useful phrases

追溯到…

一件皮衣

一把铜刀

一对金耳环

显耀的人物

一打(十二个)

来生

备用材料

有多方面原因

趋向于

有权阶级

date back to

a leather coat

a copper knife

a pair of gold earrings

a man of distinction

a dozen

in the next life

spare materials

for a variety of reasons

tend to

a powerful class

Useful phrases


Fill in the blankets with words given

Fill in the blankets with words given:

(mystery, face, history, material, bury, die, along, look, object)

A man was found______in a grave with a long______.He was believed to_______at the age of 40. He lay on his left side_______northwards. ______with him there were a lot of precious_______, made of different_______,such as clay,copper, stone… He was_______on as the king of Stonehenge. The construction remained______.

buried

history

have died

facing

Along

objects

materials

looked

mysterious


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