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Dynamic Programming (Longest Common Subsequence). Subsequence. String Z is a subsequence of string X if Z’s characters appear in X following the same left-to-right order. X = < A, B, C, T, D, G, N, A, B > Z = < B, D, A >. Longest Common Subsequence (LCS).

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Presentation Transcript
subsequence
Subsequence
  • String Z is a subsequence of string X if Z’s characters appear in X following the same left-to-right order

X = < A, B, C, T, D, G, N, A, B >

Z = < B, D, A >

longest common subsequence lcs
Longest Common Subsequence (LCS)
  • String Z is a common subsequence of strings X and Y if Z’s characters appear in both X & Y following the same left-to-right order

X = < A, B, C, T, B, D, A, B >

Y = < B, D, C, A, B, A >

  • < B, C, A > is a common subsequence of both X and Y.
  • < B, C, B, A > or < B, C, A, B > is the Longest Common Subsequence (LCS) of X and Y.

LCS is used to measure the similarity between two strings X and Y. The longer the LCS , the more similar X and Y

lcs problem definition
LCS Problem Definition
  • We are given two sequences
    • X= <x1,x2,...,xm>,and
    • Y = <y1,y2,...,yn>
  • We need to find the LCS between X and Y

Very common in DNA sequences

recursive nature of lcs
Recursive Nature of LCS
  • Implications of Theorem 15.1
recursive equation
Recursive Equation
  • Input X = <x1, x2, …., xm>

Y = <y1, y2, ………, yn>

  • Assume C[i, j] is the LCS for the first i positions in X with the first j positions in Y
    • C[i,j] = LCS(<x1, x2, …., xi>, <y1, y2, ………, yj>)

Our goal is to compute C[m,n]

dynamic programming for lcs
Dynamic Programming for LCS

Initialization step

dynamic programming for lcs1
Dynamic Programming for LCS

If matching, go diagonal

dynamic programming for lcs2
Dynamic Programming for LCS

Else select the larger of top or left

dynamic programming for lcs3
Dynamic Programming for LCS

Note that array c  keeps track of the cost,

Array b  keeps track of the parent (to backtrack)

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