The Ottoman Empire (Click the map for animation). . European Partitioning. European Partitioning. . An Excellent NPR Report on Partitioning of the Middle East (Click the Graphic Below). History of the Middle East since the 20th Century (Click graphic for animation). History of Iraq. This region was part of the Ottoman Empire in the 1500's.During WWI, Great Britain set up the Kingdom of Iraq and put a Pro-British ruler into power..