Overview of world u s beef cattle industries
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OVERVIEW of WORLD & U.S. BEEF CATTLE INDUSTRIES. By David R. Hawkins Michigan State University. India 313 Brazil146 China127 U.S.A. 98 Argentina 50 Russian Fed. 27 Australia 26. Mexico 24 Columbia 22 France 20 Germany 15 South Africa 14

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OVERVIEW of WORLD & U.S. BEEF CATTLE INDUSTRIES

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Overview of world u s beef cattle industries

OVERVIEW of WORLD & U.S. BEEF CATTLE INDUSTRIES

By

David R. Hawkins

Michigan State University


2000 world cattle and buffalo million head

India 313

Brazil146

China127

U.S.A. 98

Argentina 50

Russian Fed. 27

Australia 26

Mexico 24

Columbia 22

France 20

Germany 15

South Africa 14

Canada 13

Venezuela 12

World Total 1,011

2000 WORLD CATTLE and BUFFALO (million head)


1999 world beef and veal production mil metric ton

U.S.A.12.1

Brazil 6.2

China 5.1

Argentina 2.8

Australia 2.0

Russian Fed. 1.9

Mexico 1.9

India 1.7

France 1.6

Germany 1.4

Canada 1.2

Italy 1.2

Ukraine 0.8

United Kingdom 0.7

Columbia 0.7

Total World49.3

1999 WORLD BEEF and VEAL PRODUCTION (mil.metric ton)


1999 international meat trade thousand metric ton

EXPORTS

U.S.A.1,677

Australia1,300

Canada1,139

Brazil 631

Denmark 594

New Zealand 420

World Total9,083

IMPORTS

Japan1,824

U.S.A.1,679

Russian Fed.1,200

Mexico 440

Korea 365

Hong Kong 329

World Total7,353

1999 INTERNATIONAL MEAT TRADE (Thousand Metric Ton)


Impact of u s cattle industry

IMPACT of U.S. CATTLE INDUSTRY

  • U.S. has about 5% of world population

  • U.S. has about 10% of world cattle

  • U.S. produces 25% of world beef and veal

  • U.S. consumes 17% of world beef and veal


Size investment of u s beef industry segments

SIZE & INVESTMENT of U.S. BEEF INDUSTRY SEGMENTS

  • Seedstock – 120,000 breeders$ 15 bil.

  • Cow-calf – 830,880 operations $ 180 bil.

  • Dairy – 105,250 operations

  • Feedlot – 44,000 feedlots$ 7.5 bil.

  • Packers – 1,250 operations$ 3.8 bil.

  • Retailers – 250 food chains$ 50 bil.

  • Consumers – 270 mil. +


Importance of u s cattle industry

IMPORTANCE of U.S. CATTLE INDUSTRY

  • When one considers the value of the cattle and the land utilized to produce the feed, the U.S. cattle industry is the largest single component of American agriculture.

  • Other multibillion dollar industries – feed, finance, equipment, marketing, publications, etc. are highly dependent on cattle. Income generated by the beef industry yields a $3 to $5 economic multiplier effect to the communities in which it exists.


Location of u s beef industry

LOCATION of U.S. BEEF INDUSTRY

  • The “beef belt” is located eastward from the Rocky Mountains to Wisconsin and Illinois.

  • 70% of the cash receipts

  • 60% of the beef cows

  • 80% of the cattle on feed

  • 75% of the cattle harvested


State cattle inventory january 1 2001

Beef Cows

TX5,465,000

MO2,070,000

NE1,950,000

OK1,910,000

SD1,809,000

MT1,531,000

KS1,524,000

MI (38th) 85,000

Total 33,400,000

Cattle on Feed

TX2,940,000

NE2,550,000

KS2,450,000

CO1,230,000

IA1,050,000

CA 450,000

OK 415,000

MI (14th) 190,000

Total 14,199,000

STATE CATTLE INVENTORYJanuary 1, 2001


State cattle inventory january 1 20011

All Cattle & Calves

TX13,700,000

KS 6,700,000

NE 6,600,000

CA 5,150,000

OK 5,050,000

MO 4,250,000

SD 4,050,000

MI (31st) 980,000

Total97,309,000

Dairy Cows

CA1,560,000

WI1,330,000

NY 670,000

PA 610,000

MN 520,000

ID 354,000

TX 345,000

MI (8th) 300,000

Total9,203,000

STATE CATTLE INVENTORYJanuary 1, 2001


U s cattle inventory mil hd beef production bil lb

199297.623.0

199399.222.9

1994 101.0 24.3

1995 102.8 25.1

1996 103.5 25.4

1997 101.7 25.4

199899.7 25.7

199998.5 26.4

200098.226.8

200197.326.0

2002*96.725.5

2003*97.925.3

2004*99.325.4

2005* 100.8 25.6

Source: Cattle-Fax 12/10/01

U.S. Cattle Inventory (mil.hd.)Beef Production (bil.lb.)


Meat consumption per capita

MEAT CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA

  • There are several ways to calculate meat consumption per person per year.

  • Carcass Wt./# of people – The carcass contains fat & bone that we do not consume

  • Retail Wt./# of people – This contains bone and some fat that we do not consume

  • Boneless Wt./# of people – This may be most accurate, but is hard to get


Meat consumption per capita1

MEAT CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA

  • Retail weight is most often presented. To adjust annual per capita retail weight to a boneless basis, one must subtract the bone weight from the retail weight using the following:

    • Beef = - 4 lb.

    • Pork = - 3 lb.

    • Turkey = - 4 lb.

    • Chicken = - 22 lb. to –24 lb.


2000 per capita meat consumption

2000 PER CAPITA MEAT CONSUMPTION

  • Beef69.5 lb. retail (65.5 boneless)

  • Pork53.8 lb. retail (50.8 boneless)

  • Chicken82.1 lb. retail (60.1 boneless)

  • Turkey17.9 lb. retail (13.9 boneless)

  • Lamb 1.0 lb. retail

  • Veal 0.8 lb. retail

  • Total Red Meat & Poultry = 225.1 lb. retail


2000 per capita spending beef pork chicken

2000 PER CAPITA SPENDING BEEF, PORK & CHICKEN

  • BEEF$ 212.2244.5%

  • PORK$ 139.0229.1%

  • BROILER$ 126.3126.4%

    TOTAL $ SPENT = $ 478.28


Production consumption

PRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION

  • Small differences in consumption translates into large differences in production.

  • If 90% of our population ate one more 4 oz. serving of beef in a 2 week period, it would take would take the carcass wt. equivalent of 2.2 million more cattle per year to supply the increased consumption. (NCBA)


Impact of exports on u s beef industry

IMPACT OF EXPORTS ON U.S. BEEF INDUSTRY

  • If exports to Japan decline in 2002, and no new markets develop, a 10% reduction would add 2.1 million lbs.per week to the U.S. domestic supply.

  • If this 10% reduction lasted all year, live prices would reduced by $ 0.50/cwt.

    Source: Cattle-Fax


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