FEDERALISM:. The relationship between state and federal power How has federal power expanded over time?. Who has power?. Create this chart:. Collect Taxes Regulate Marriages Regulate Interstate Commerce Coin Money Charter Local Governments Lend and Borrow Money Registration and Voting.
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The relationship between state and federal power
How has federal power expanded over time?
Regulate Interstate Commerce
Charter Local Governments
Lend and Borrow Money
Registration and Voting
Raise an Army
Enforce Criminal Codes
Regulate Professional Standards
Administer Drivers’ Licenses
Article I, Section 10: prohibits the states from certain things (making treaties, raising armies, etc.)
Article VI: Supremacy clause (laws of the national government shall be the supreme law of the land)
Congress shall have the power . . . to make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.”
Does this clause expand or reduce federal power?
Because it’s elastic!
The Supreme Court interprets . . .
The Supreme Court interprets:
It’s all in how we interpret two sections of the Constitution . . .
Dual: Narrow interpretation of the elastic clause
Cooperative: Broad interpretation of the elastic clause
Which makes a “big” government?
Financial incentives influence state behavior (because the money comes with “strings”)