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Commentaries--Exodus. Childs, OTL (1974) Hyatt, NCB (1971) Fretheim, Interpretation (1991) Brueggemann, New Interpreter’s Bible (1994) Durham, Word (1987). 4QExod a. Qumran text from ca 100 BCE LXX 3rd c BCE Masoretic Text 100 CE Position of “And Joseph was in Egypt.”

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Commentaries--Exodus

  • Childs, OTL (1974)

  • Hyatt, NCB (1971)

  • Fretheim, Interpretation (1991)

  • Brueggemann, New Interpreter’s Bible (1994)

  • Durham, Word (1987)


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4QExod a

  • Qumran text from ca 100 BCE

  • LXX 3rd c BCE

  • Masoretic Text 100 CE

  • Position of “And Joseph was in Egypt.”

  • 70 vs 75 (Ephraim, Soutalaam-Edem, Taam; Manasseh, Machir-Galaad)


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Outline of Book

  • 1:1-19:2 Deliverance from Egypt; arrival at Sinai [Israel stays until Num 10:10!]

  • 19-24; 32-34 Covenant--its breach and renewal

  • 25-31; 35-40 Tabernacle


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Exodus and…Creation!

  • All the earth is mine

  • my name shall be declared throughout the earth 9:16

  • God works also through non-human agents

  • the tabernacle as microcosm of creation


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The Call of Moses in JE (in Midian)

  • Who is this God?

  • Who am I?

  • People will not believe

  • I have never been eloquent

  • Send someone else!


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The Reassurances of Yahweh

  • Revelation of “Yahweh”

  • I will be with you

  • Three signs: rod-snake; leprous hand; water-blood

  • I will be with your mouth

  • Aaron selected


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Meaning of the Name Yahweh

  • “I am who I am”

  • “He causes to be” = “he creates”: “El who creates the heavenly armies”? (El du Yahwi seba’ot; Yahweh for short)

  • In the event of the Exodus we learned God’s name

  • Yahweh--LORD--Jehovah--Pipi!


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Exod 4:24-26

  • Yahweh sought to kill him!

  • Role of Moses

  • Role of Zipporah

  • You are a “bridegroom of blood”

  • Jubilees: Prince Mastema sought to kill him!


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The Call of Moses in P (in Egypt)

  • God--El Shadday--Yahweh

  • I will remember my covenant (cf. 2:24)

  • I will redeem you

  • the land of Canaan in which they were sojourning

  • Ties to Genesis 17!


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Exod 6/Gen 17

  • Yahweh/El Shadday

  • They were fruitful and multiplied (1:7)/I will make you fruitful….

  • I established my covenant/I will establish….

  • “I will be God--in the Exodus”/”I will be God--in land promise”

  • Canaan-land of sojourning


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Genealogy of Aaron!

  • Purpose of this genealogy--tension with context, namely, call of Moses

  • Aaron-Eleazar-Phinehas = high priests

  • Ithamar ancestor of Levites

  • Number of names are Egyptian: Moses, Aaron, Putiel, Phinehas


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