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The Cold War. World History – Unit 11. Day 1: Page 1: Germany After WWII. Next 7 days of class …. Agenda: Next 7 days… Germany after WWII map NATO vs. Warsaw Pact Notes. Day 1: Page 1: Germany After WWII. Day 1: Page 1: Germany After WWII. Day 1: Page 1: Germany after WWII.

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The cold war

The Cold War

World History – Unit 11


Day 1 page 1 germany after wwii
Day 1: Page 1: Germany After WWII

Next 7 days of class…

Agenda:

  • Next 7 days…

  • Germany after WWII map

  • NATO vs. Warsaw Pact

  • Notes




Day 1 page 1 germany after wwii3
Day 1: Page 1: Germany after WWII

  • Two superpowers: United States and Eastern Europe

  • U.S. led the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

  • Eastern Europe (specifically the Soviet Union – aka Russia) led the Warsaw Pact

  • “Line” of tension was drawn in Berlin, Germany called the Iron Curtain between the Democratic West and the Communist East


Day 1 page 1 germany after wwii4
Day 1: Page 1: Germany after WWII

  • Those in Communist Berlin were fleeing to democratic Germany

  • 1961 – the Berlin Wall was built (concrete barrier/wall topped with barbed wire and patrolled by guards)


Berlin wall
Berlin Wall

THEN…

NOW!


Day 1 page 1 germany after wwii5
Day 1: Page 1: Germany after WWII

  • Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia also revolted against Soviet domination

  • Demonstrators could not stand against Soviet tanks

  • U.S. was the only country with nuclear weapons but by 1949, the Soviet Union also developed nuclear weapons

  • By 1953 BOTH countries had developed the hydrogen bomb (even more destructive than the atomic bomb!)


Day 1 page 1 germany after wwii6
Day 1: Page 1: Germany after WWII

  • The United States and Soviet Union engaged in a race to match one another in new weapons…called The Cold War

  • The result? A balance of terror because both sides know that the other side would launch their new weapons and destroy the other

  • The world and the American and Soviet people lived in constant fear


Day 1 page 1 germany after wwii7
Day 1: Page 1: Germany after WWII

  • The two sides met in disarmament talks although neither side completely trusted the other, some agreements were made

  • SALT – Strategic Arms Limitation Talks – limited the number of nuclear weapons (both sides agreed to this in 1972 and 1979)

  • U.S. President Reagan launched the “Stars Wars” which built a missile defense against nuclear attack

  • Led to the era of détente – relaxation of tensions during the 1970s (this era ended in 1979 when the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan)


Day 1 page 1 germany after wwii8
Day 1: Page 1: Germany after WWII

Cold War goes global

  • Soviet Union was assisting other communist countries including China and Korea

  • The US reached out to countries including Pakistan, France, Australia, etc.

  • US set up military bases around the world unlike the Soviet Union

  • US feared that Communism would spread around the world


Day 1 page 1 germany after wwii9
Day 1: Page 1: Germany after WWII

  • Fidel Castro became dictator in Cuba in the 1950s

  • US tried to bring down the Communist regime in Cuba as it was “too close to home”

  • 1961- Bay of Pigs Invasion – Soviet Union sent nuclear weapons to Cuba

  • Pres. John F. Kennedy responded by imposing a naval blockade to prevent more Soviet shipments

  • Kennedy demanded that the Soviet Union remove its nuclear missiles (which were pointed at the US)

  • For a few days, the world faced a risk of nuclear war

  • Nikita Krushchev agreed to remove the Soviet missiles and war was avoided


Day 2 page 2 cold war
Day 2: Page 2: Cold War

Agenda:

  • Notes

  • Dr. Seuss

  • Cold War Events in pairs

    Homework:

    Cold War Quiz tomorrow



  • What was it?

  • Why was it different than previous wars?

  • Who was involved?

  • Why did it last

    so long?


What was it
What was it?

  • 50 years of tension between the United States and Soviet Union (Russia)

  • West vs. East (Iron Curtain)

  • A race to become the “biggest” and the “best” – Military, Espionage, Power, and Society.

  • For the US a war against Communism, for Russia (USSR) a war against Capitalism.

  • No fighting between Russia and the US – just indirect conflicts with the ideals of each side


Why was it different than previous wars
Why was it different than previous wars?

  • Lasted for 50 years

  • A war of ideals

  • Fighting was not in the battle fields between then two sides it was more of a philosophical battle field

  • Was TOTAL WAR like no other time in history.


Who was involved
Who was involved?

  • West – US, Britain, France, West Berlin

  • East – Russia (USSR), East Berlin, Cuba

  • Africa, India, China, Japan were not significant

  • South East Asia was the “battle ground” and any country coming out of colonialism/imperialism


Why did it last so long
Why did it last so long?

  • Constant build up and “Macho-ism”

  • World was becoming more militaristic and focused on outdoing each other

  • Both countries refused to make amends

    **** The game of chicken lasts until the chicken backs down****

    RUSSIA BACKED DOWN


Butter battle book dr seuss
Butter Battle Book – Dr. Seuss

Part 1: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-qkqzdgL3wo

Part 2: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CLLgBlygqP4


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