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The Cold War. World History – Unit 11. Day 1: Page 1: Germany After WWII. Next 7 days of class …. Agenda: Next 7 days… Germany after WWII map NATO vs. Warsaw Pact Notes. Day 1: Page 1: Germany After WWII. Day 1: Page 1: Germany After WWII. Day 1: Page 1: Germany after WWII.

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the cold war

The Cold War

World History – Unit 11

day 1 page 1 germany after wwii
Day 1: Page 1: Germany After WWII

Next 7 days of class…

Agenda:

  • Next 7 days…
  • Germany after WWII map
  • NATO vs. Warsaw Pact
  • Notes
day 1 page 1 germany after wwii3
Day 1: Page 1: Germany after WWII
  • Two superpowers: United States and Eastern Europe
  • U.S. led the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
  • Eastern Europe (specifically the Soviet Union – aka Russia) led the Warsaw Pact
  • “Line” of tension was drawn in Berlin, Germany called the Iron Curtain between the Democratic West and the Communist East
day 1 page 1 germany after wwii4
Day 1: Page 1: Germany after WWII
  • Those in Communist Berlin were fleeing to democratic Germany
  • 1961 – the Berlin Wall was built (concrete barrier/wall topped with barbed wire and patrolled by guards)
berlin wall
Berlin Wall

THEN…

NOW!

day 1 page 1 germany after wwii5
Day 1: Page 1: Germany after WWII
  • Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia also revolted against Soviet domination
  • Demonstrators could not stand against Soviet tanks
  • U.S. was the only country with nuclear weapons but by 1949, the Soviet Union also developed nuclear weapons
  • By 1953 BOTH countries had developed the hydrogen bomb (even more destructive than the atomic bomb!)
day 1 page 1 germany after wwii6
Day 1: Page 1: Germany after WWII
  • The United States and Soviet Union engaged in a race to match one another in new weapons…called The Cold War
  • The result? A balance of terror because both sides know that the other side would launch their new weapons and destroy the other
  • The world and the American and Soviet people lived in constant fear
day 1 page 1 germany after wwii7
Day 1: Page 1: Germany after WWII
  • The two sides met in disarmament talks although neither side completely trusted the other, some agreements were made
  • SALT – Strategic Arms Limitation Talks – limited the number of nuclear weapons (both sides agreed to this in 1972 and 1979)
  • U.S. President Reagan launched the “Stars Wars” which built a missile defense against nuclear attack
  • Led to the era of détente – relaxation of tensions during the 1970s (this era ended in 1979 when the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan)
day 1 page 1 germany after wwii8
Day 1: Page 1: Germany after WWII

Cold War goes global

  • Soviet Union was assisting other communist countries including China and Korea
  • The US reached out to countries including Pakistan, France, Australia, etc.
  • US set up military bases around the world unlike the Soviet Union
  • US feared that Communism would spread around the world
day 1 page 1 germany after wwii9
Day 1: Page 1: Germany after WWII
  • Fidel Castro became dictator in Cuba in the 1950s
  • US tried to bring down the Communist regime in Cuba as it was “too close to home”
  • 1961- Bay of Pigs Invasion – Soviet Union sent nuclear weapons to Cuba
  • Pres. John F. Kennedy responded by imposing a naval blockade to prevent more Soviet shipments
  • Kennedy demanded that the Soviet Union remove its nuclear missiles (which were pointed at the US)
  • For a few days, the world faced a risk of nuclear war
  • Nikita Krushchev agreed to remove the Soviet missiles and war was avoided
day 2 page 2 cold war
Day 2: Page 2: Cold War

Agenda:

  • Notes
  • Dr. Seuss
  • Cold War Events in pairs

Homework:

Cold War Quiz tomorrow

slide16
What was it?
  • Why was it different than previous wars?
  • Who was involved?
  • Why did it last

so long?

what was it
What was it?
  • 50 years of tension between the United States and Soviet Union (Russia)
  • West vs. East (Iron Curtain)
  • A race to become the “biggest” and the “best” – Military, Espionage, Power, and Society.
  • For the US a war against Communism, for Russia (USSR) a war against Capitalism.
  • No fighting between Russia and the US – just indirect conflicts with the ideals of each side
why was it different than previous wars
Why was it different than previous wars?
  • Lasted for 50 years
  • A war of ideals
  • Fighting was not in the battle fields between then two sides it was more of a philosophical battle field
  • Was TOTAL WAR like no other time in history.
who was involved
Who was involved?
  • West – US, Britain, France, West Berlin
  • East – Russia (USSR), East Berlin, Cuba
  • Africa, India, China, Japan were not significant
  • South East Asia was the “battle ground” and any country coming out of colonialism/imperialism
why did it last so long
Why did it last so long?
  • Constant build up and “Macho-ism”
  • World was becoming more militaristic and focused on outdoing each other
  • Both countries refused to make amends

**** The game of chicken lasts until the chicken backs down****

RUSSIA BACKED DOWN

butter battle book dr seuss
Butter Battle Book – Dr. Seuss

Part 1: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-qkqzdgL3wo

Part 2: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CLLgBlygqP4

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