Chapter 11 Welfare. Xiao Huiyun November, 2005. A1 Development of “Welfare State”. 1. Definition of Poverty 1.1 Absolute Poverty – families without minimum food, clothing and shelter needed for maintenance of merely physical health (concept at beginning of last century)
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Chapter 11 Welfare
House he bought at his home town
The most radical and widespread reforms occurred after the Second World War in 1945. The measures introduced then were based upon a famous document, the Beveridge Report of 1942. The main aims of the legislation which followed the Report were
Lord William Henry Beveridge, 1879-1963
Margaret Thatcher: The main most radical criticisms were that it is too expensive and that too much state support weakens individual initiative and enterprise (p 184)
The Reform by Thatcherism
“I came to office with one deliberate intent: to change Britain from a dependent to a self-reliant society; from a give-it-to-me to a do-it-yourself nation; a get-up-and-go instead of a sit-back-and-wait Britain.” ( Margaret Thatcher, February1984)
What would a radically reformed welfare state – the social investment state in the positive welfare society – look like? 1. Government working together with other agencies
2. No rights without responsibilities
3. Positive welfare
The 1961 three-bedroomed semi-detached house depicted above is typical of those now standing on the Clober estate. It has white-painted roughcast walls and a tiled roof.
Lawn Road Flats