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Chapter 14, Section 3 “Reforming American Society”. Main Idea – In the mid-1800s, several reform movements worked to improve American education and society. A Second Great Awakening. Teaching at Revivals. Revivals Effect on Reform.

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Chapter 14 section 3 reforming american society
Chapter 14, Section 3“Reforming American Society”

Main Idea – In the mid-1800s, several reform movements worked to improve American education and society.


A second great awakening
A Second Great Awakening

Teaching at Revivals

Revivals Effect on Reform

Americans began to believe they could act to make things better; religion became important to many Americans again

  • Americans should improve themselves and their society, and they should help others


Temperance
Temperance

  • a campaign to stop people from consuming alcohol

  • many male workers would spend much of their paychecks on drinking

  • women and business owners supported this movement


Workers rights
Workers’ Rights

  • workers organized into unions and used strikes to gain better working conditions, better hours and higher wages


Education
Education

  • Horace Mann worked to improve public education

  • New schools and colleges offered some limited opportunities for women and African Americans


Care for the needy
Care for the Needy

  • Improvements in caring for the mentally ill and building of new hospitals nation-wide

  • Schools are created for the deaf and blind

  • Conditions in jails were improved (separating children and adults; rehabilitating prisoners)


Ideal communities
Ideal Communities

  • Aimed to create a “utopia” – a perfect world

  • People were given food and other necessities for living in exchange for work

  • None were very successful


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